In this game Kasparov is showing a perfect demonstration of the triangulation technique in order to Zugzwang the white king.
To be in a Zugzwang means, any move loses or more generally, worsens your position, and one cannot simply pass the turn and maintain the position.
In the diagrammed position, the key idea to spot is that white would be in Zugzwang ...
But why did Garry Kasparov not play under the flag of Azerbaijan?
Because his FIDE registration is with Russia.
If he wants to change his registration to Azerbaijan then the following also have to happen -
1) He has to have a valid claim like residency, nationality or birth, so birth would do.
2) Azerbaijan chess federation have to agree.
3) An ...
Shirov resigned: the thinking was that despite both sides left with pawns and a knight, the advantage went to Black.
Black has an extra pawn and Black's pawn chain is mutually supporting. White is down a pawn and they are split. White's king is buried too deeply in the corner to either prevent a black pawn advance to promotion or to save White's pawns.
If you don't mind going a bit earlier, then it has to be 1972 Spassky–Fischer (mother of all World Championships) Game 1.
Fischer played 29...Bxh2? a move that few players would consider in light of the obvious 30.g3, trapping the bishop.
EDIT Later analysis (Speelman 1981) showed that the game is not lost (and can be drawn with extremely precise play), ...
I am surprised that the paper "Intrinsic Chess Ratings" by Ken Regan and Guy Haworth hasn't been posted yet. It is exactly what's asked for, serious research into rating inflation. PDF
Basically they got games from three periods (1976-1979, 1991-1994, 2006-2009), in several rating ranges (e.g. both players within 10 points of 2200, within 10 points of 2300, ...
He is talking about the score after the sixth game of each of his matches with Karpov. To be precise, these were the scores after game six (shown as Kasparov-Karpov, not counting draws, to follow the same convention as the quote from the book):
As you can see, Kasparov was behind after the sixth game in ...
Kasparov's 7...h6? in the game below cost him the game and the match, and later Kasparov accused Deep Blue team of cheating.
[Event "IBM Man-Machine"]
[Site "New York, NY USA"]
[White "Deep Blue (Computer)"]
IBM claimed the machine could search for 200 million moves per second, while Stockfish in the recent AlphaZero match could "only" search for 80 million per seconds on a modern multi-core machines. But... it was unclear how exactly IBM derived the number. There's no universe definition on how an engine calculates number of moves per second. How it's done is ...
Black has (almost) three connected passed pawns which will be unstoppable.
White is not going to promote his pawn without the king, which is far away and likewise is not going to get a passer on the a or b file soon.
If white ever trades her rook for black's knight, the game is lost. The only move for her is thus 91.Rf8, which is answered by 92.Kg6 Rg8+ 93.Kf7 resulting in the following position:
[FEN "1r2n1RK/5k2/8/8/8/8/8/8 w - - 66 93 "]
1. Rg1 (1.Rxe8 Rxe8 2.Kh7 Re6 3.Kh8 Rh6#) (1.Rg7 Nxg7 2.Kh7 Rb6 3.Kh8 Rh6#) (1.Kh7 Nf6+) Nf6 2. Rg8 Rxg8#
and now any rook move ...
I poked around some. You've probably seen these pages, but I'll post them anyway:
a. This page will interest you. It includes a photocopy of a letter from Elo himself stating the possibility:
Thus over time the rating scale could drift unless some measures are taken to stabilize it.
He further mentions that the ratings scale has no anchor, no fixed ...
I will answer in the first line of the next paragraph, but there is a lot of history that happened right around the time Kasparov made this comment, so I will add in some of that too.
At the Tilburg tournament in November 1997, Kasparov was not known for holding his tongue, and he called Grandmaster Shirov, who was 2700 and 8th in the world, a "talented ...
Not exactly what you're looking for, but in his 1987 match vs Karpov, Kasparov forgot to press his clock during time pressure. Kasparov finally lost that game, the result being heavily influenced by the clock's incident.
That a ...
We'll never know the whole truth of the 1951 world championship match. Years after the Soviet Union collapsed, and nearing death, Bronstein still wouldn't talk about it.
The challenger Bronstein was the son of an imprisoned Jewish dissident, while champion Botvinnik was a model Soviet (dichotomy much the same as Korchnoi and Karpov in the '80s). In the ...
I thought that Nigel Short summed it up pretty well here: http://www.chess.com/news/breaking-ilyumzhinov-beats-kasparov-110-61-at-fide-presidential-elections-4528
"There's nothing wrong with chess players. If you ask in the playing hall, I'll bet 9 out of 10 will vote for Kasparov. The problem is: delegates. If the delegate has received an incentive to vote ...
The question therefore is, where did Kasparov misplay the position?
No, he did not. All the lines give Black equal chances, no matter what move White chose to play.
How did he lose his small positional advantage.
He did not lose advantage because there was none in the first place. White position just looks "prettier". He can not stop the freeing d5 ...
This is a stunning endgame. It is impressive how Kasparov perfectly used reserve tempi to reach the winning position in the diagram where triangulation is all that remains after Seirawan's 40. e4?? which was the last move of time-control. After this Seirawan is lost.
Seirawan annotates this game in his book full of stories "Chess Duels : My Games with the ...
This article from Chessbase answers most of your questions.
This was the position in which Kasparov had set a "computer chess" trap.
[fen "r1r1q1k1/6p1/p2b1p1p/1p1PpP2/PPp5/2P4P/R1B2QP1/R5K1 w - - 0 35"]
[White "Deep Blue"]
[Black "Gary Kasparov"]
He was expecting
36. Qb6 Rd8
37. ab Rab8
38. Qxa6 e4
I believe he means that in one of his matches, he was ahead after the first six games had been played. In one of them, after six games were played the score was tied. In the remaining three, he was behind after the first six games.
I'd say no. Playing against a human being is a lot different than playing computers. Here is an article (unfortunately, it is in Dutch) about a German player with a rating under 2100 who regularly beat the top chess programs, by playing strange openings and long-term sacrifices. This was a few years after the Kasparov - Deep Blue match.
I think in Yermolinski's "The Road to Chess Improvement" he says that he decided to follow "the most common advice one can find in the works of Alekhine and Botvinnik , which can be put into simple words - study your games". Of course Yermolinski takes it much further saying that "study your games" means to do a thorough analysis of each of your games even ...
The position after move 9 is the main tabya of the Tarrasch defense. Your feeling that Black is better, or even that he has egalized, is imprecise : White has no weakness, active pieces, and Black's isolani is a long term target. The position is playable for both sides, its evaluation somewhere in between = and +=.
Actually, Kasparov himself stopped playing ...
What would have been the ramifications of him making the move Qg7?
That would be a really bad move. In a heartbeat his opponent would play Rg8 threatening to take the queen. The rook is protected by the knight on f6. The only move the queen has is to go back to h6 and then it is Topalov's move. All white has done is give away a tempo.
The following passage is from Botvinnik's foreword to his 100 Selected Games. The text here doesn't single out one's own games as the specific object of analysis, but it leaves no doubt about Botvinnik's belief that improving at analysis in general is crucial to becoming a strong player.
I must mention one other possibility of achieving perfection which I ...
In absolute terms, Carlsen 2012 for sure is a stronger player than Kasparov 1985.
If Carlsen 2012 travelled in time played a match with Kasparov 1986, Carlsen would defeat Kasparov. This is simply because the technology-assisted preparation is a lot more efficient, and Carlsen has also an edge in opening theory, because he has the accumulated knowledge 1987-...
I know this is a 2 year old post now, which I've visited a few times before now but now I couldn't resist posting my comment. The Scotch has been my favorite White opening for the last 3-4 years. I really like it and it helps me that top players(including Kasparov play it..not that I am anywhere near that standard!!).
It can give an opening advantage, but ...
Welcome to the world of the Isolated Queen Pawn (IQP for shorts)! This is a special type of position which can be reached from quite a few openings (also with reversed colours); the Tarrasch variation of the Queen's Gambit Declined, as in your game, the 2. c3 Sicilian, the Caro Kann, to name a few.
Just like playing a violent kingside attack with lots of ...
That's a lot, if validated. Karpov was rather slight at the time, something around 60kg or less, so that represents something under 20% of his body weight.
And actually, that's consistent with other facts, given that was a 50+ game match. Fabiano Caruana says he can drop around 10% of his body weight during a difficult tournament. (Said to an ESPN reporter.)...
It comes down to one main thing, but there are other factors that probably played a part too. The main thing is that despite the nature of the Marshall attack, it is considered drawish at the highest levels. At lower levels, of course, it is a double-edged game where anything can happen. And while they are double-edged, white is on the defensive, not where ...