So, I was having this game with my opponent (and losing), but anyways, here is the final position:

I checked the king with my knight on move 47 (i playing black). All of a sudden, the game was drawn by insufficient material rule. However, there was indeed a queen with my opponent there on the board. So, what exactly happened here?

Also take note that my opponent had no time on the clock, so practically, I should have won the game.

Chess.com, along with FIDE, awards the full point to your opponent if you run out of time, unless your opponent has insufficient material: not enough resources to feasibly carry out a win. This effectually concedes victory to both players, which is sensible since on the one hand, your opponent rendered you incapable, but on the other, you held him off until he had no time to finish you off.

However, Chess.com's definition of "insufficient material" differs from FIDE's Laws. Chess.com simply looks at your material. If you have lone K, KN, KB, or KNN, you have insufficient material. So in your case, your opponent ran out of time, but since they determine that you could not have checkmated him anyway, Chess.com split the point.

Whereas FIDE calculates all possible futures; if one legal series of moves results in checkmate against the player whose flag fell, flag-fall is a loss for that player:

6.9
Except where one of Articles 5.1.a, 5.1.b, 5.2.a, 5.2.b, 5.2.c applies, if a player does not complete the prescribed number of moves in the allotted time, the game is lost by that player. However, the game is drawn if the position is such that the opponent cannot checkmate the player’s king by any possible series of legal moves.

Just for kicks, let's see one of these legal series of moves wherein you checkmate your opponent.

``````[FEN "5Q2/8/8/8/2k2P2/6K1/4n3/8 w - - 0 0"]
[startflipped "1"]

1. Kg4 Kd4 2. Kg5 Ke4 3. f5 Nf4 4. f6 Kf3 5. Kh6 Kg4 6. Kh7 Kh5 7. Kg8 Kg6 8. Qe8+ Kh6 9. Kf8 Kh7 10. f7 Ng6#
``````

That's why FIDE would count flag-fall to be a win for you. Chess.com does not. To be fair, that or any line resulting in victory for you is so far-fetched that in this case, it's hard to complain that you could feasibly have won.*

Sources: FIDE Laws of Chess, Article 6.9; Chess.com forums - list of threads with "insufficient" in the title.

*There are a couple positions, however, in which King and Knight can force a checkmate vs. King and Pawn. For example, there would be ample cause of complaint if Black purposely runs out of time in the following position:

``````[FEN "8/8/8/8/N7/p7/k2K4/8 w - - 0 0"]

1. Kc2 Ka1 2. Nc5 Ka2 3. Nd3 Ka1 4. Nc1 a2 5. Nb3#
``````
• Does it really apply to KNN as well ? I'd would cheated if I was trying to win KNN vs KP on Chess.com and the game is drawn after my opponent runs out of time... Apr 25, 2018 at 11:22
• "if Black purposely runs out of time in the following position:" So black can draw by stop moving!? Feb 23, 2019 at 4:34

As your opponent overstepped the time limit, it is you who has to have sufficient material to mate him, to claim a win. His material is irrelevant, but your knight isn't enough.

Unfortunately for you this decision might be dependent on the chess server you are using. With queen and c-pawn there clearly still is a "series of legal moves that leads to checkmate", so I'm not sure this would be a draw under Fide rules.

• Under FIDE rules definitely not, but chess servers invariably only look at the material you have left. Jun 19, 2015 at 13:16

You're right, with the flag fallen, the game should have been awarded to you, because it is possible to create a mate starting at the given position (e.g. if the pawn is promoted to a bishop). Seems like this particular online chess doesn't implement the rules correctly.

If your opponent runs out of time but you have no possible way to checkmate, the game is declared drawn (by FIDE rules). The rationale is that you couldn't have won the game no matter what, so you don't get a full point.

In your game you technically could have won with only a knight if your opponent played very badly. So according to FIDE rules the server should have awarded you a win. However, the server doesn't have to abide by FIDE rules (personally I think the no mating material rule is fairer in this instance).

• Under the FIDE Laws of Chess there's no such thing as "mating material". There's only the question whether a mate can be reached by any legal sequence of moves from a given position. This is typically not reflected correctly by online servers, because it requires virtually infinite search depth. So these systems quite often revert to checking "mating material" incorrectly.
– Ray
Feb 22, 2019 at 14:30
• Do you have a citation from the FIDE handbook? Feb 22, 2019 at 18:50
• 6.9 in the accepted answer.
– Ray
Feb 22, 2019 at 19:18