Well, it may be irrelevant to answer an 11-year-old question, but there's still a thing not mentioned in previous answers.
In an opposite-colored bishop endgame (i.e. when both you and your opponent have only a king, a single bishop and pawns (no knights, rooks etc.), and your bishops travel on opposite colors), it depends on whether you are attacking or defending side.
When you are the attacking side (i.e. having chances to win), it's still better to place your pawns on opposite color of your bishop (i.e. the same color as your opponent's bishop), since otherwise your pawns can be blockaded and cannot cross a diagonal which is firmly controlled by your opponent (usually by both his king and bishop). (For example, white pawns on the light squares g6, f5 and e4 can be blocked with the black dark-squared bishop along the a1-h8 diagonal.)
But, if you have to defend, it's often better to go the other way round, namely placing your pawns on the same color as your bishop. That's because your remaining pawns are easier to be protected (with your bishop), and they are invulnerable to both the opponent's bishop (traveling on opposite color) and his king (since he cannot capture protected pieces).
Of course, there are exceptions to this rule of thumb, but it holds in many positions.