19

Full disclosure: I'm not a regular chess player. This question is because I'm writing a book about alternate timelines, and I want to use a game in a real life famous chess match as a point of divergence. I'd like an occasion in which a sizeable portion of pundits and specialists thought a different move should have been made, and the player who made that move lost the game, or squandered an allegedly easy win for a draw.

It'd be great if it was in the 1984/85 Karpov/Kasparov championship match, but any headlines-making match at any point in history would do. It could be Kasparov vs. Deep Blue, or Karpov vs. Korchnoi, for example.

If I use your suggestion, I promise I'll properly credit you. And the players involved. Even if it's a computer.

  • 1
    "made that movie"? – user21820 Sep 8 at 6:42
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    Thank you for caring enough about your work to do the proper research on the game. Other examples are the chess game in the first Harry Potter movie, and the first episode of Code GEASS, (even though they're both mostly ignored). – Adam Barnes Sep 8 at 14:21
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    From a story rather than a chess point of view, Kasparov vs. Deep Blue turning out differently could conceivably have altered the trajectory of AI. For example, a convincing Kasparov victory might have led to the discovery of deep learning earlier by convincing researchers that Deep Blue was a dead-end and that if they wanted to beat a world champion then they deeded a fundamentally different approach. – John Coleman Sep 10 at 12:24
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    I'm not a chess expert either, but Korchnoi-Karpov was filled with drama every time. Allegations ranging from Soviets hiring a shrink to stare at Korchnoi while he played to codes hidden in a blueberry yogurt (some of the allegations were not serious, but some had alarming amounts of evidence) abounded. You can check out the gist on Korchnoi's biography on Wikipedia (en.wikipedia.org/wiki/…). – Chess Player Sep 10 at 20:33
20

If you don't mind going a bit earlier, then it has to be 1972 Spassky–Fischer (mother of all World Championships) Game 1.

Fischer played 29...Bxh2? a move that few players would consider in light of the obvious 30.g3, trapping the bishop.

EDIT Later analysis (Speelman 1981) showed that the game is not lost (and can be drawn with extremely precise play), though the move was sub-optimal and the line becomes really sharp after 30. g3. The real blunder happened on move 37 with 37...Ke4 instead the optimal move again was just 37...a6. However, going by principles and elementary tactics 29...Bxh2? was an unnecessary move and chances are Fischer overlooked the fact that the trapped Bishop couldn't be saved.

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    Thank you! May I abuse your goodwill a little and ask what would be the better move for Fischer? – JCCyC Sep 7 at 18:30
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    Well, almost every other move :-) 29...a6 is the most preferred one by the engine, simply exchange pawns and with both having bishops and equal number of pawns is a dead draw. Fischer tried to be a bit brave but failed miserably and made a move that even club players won't. – Adhvaitha Sep 7 at 18:38
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    Never mind, I found a site with commentary: chessgames.com/perl/chessgame?gid=1044722&comp=1 - says 29...a6. I'm going with that. – JCCyC Sep 7 at 18:38
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    I'd like to credit you with your full name when (if) my book gets out. Can I? Or should I just say "Adhvaitha from StackExchange?" – JCCyC Sep 7 at 19:29
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    @JCCyC You can just quote the stackexchange page and my name as "Adhvaitha" – Adhvaitha Sep 8 at 7:06
17

Kasparov's 7...h6? in the game below cost him the game and the match, and later Kasparov accused Deep Blue team of cheating.

[FEN ""]
[Event "IBM Man-Machine"]
[Site "New York, NY USA"]
[Date "1997.05.??"]
[EventDate "?"]
[Round "6"]
[Result "1-0"]
[White "Deep Blue (Computer)"]
[Black "Garry Kasparov"]
[ECO "B17"]
[WhiteElo "?"]
[BlackElo "?"]
[PlyCount "37"]

1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 dxe4 4.Nxe4 Nd7 5.Ng5 Ngf6 6.Bd3 e6
7.N1f3 h6 8.Nxe6 Qe7 9.O-O fxe6 10.Bg6+ Kd8 11.Bf4 b5 12.a4
Bb7 13.Re1 Nd5 14.Bg3 Kc8 15.axb5 cxb5 16.Qd3 Bc6 17.Bf5 exf5
18.Rxe7 Bxe7 19.c4 1-0

https://www.chessgames.com/perl/chessgame?gid=1070917

I would also like to suggest a move from a final game of the tie-break in Kramnik - Topalov from classical-Fide championship unification match in 2006. With 44...Rxc5 Topalov went from difficult position to instantly losing. The match was full of controversy if this is what you are looking for.

[FEN ""]
[Event "Kramnik - Topalov World Championship Match"]
[Site "Elista RUS"]
[Date "2006.10.13"]
[EventDate "?"]
[Round "16"]
[Result "1-0"]
[White "Vladimir Kramnik"]
[Black "Veselin Topalov"]
[ECO "D47"]
[WhiteElo "?"]
[BlackElo "?"]
[PlyCount "89"]

1.d4 d5 2.c4 c6 3.Nf3 Nf6 4.Nc3 e6 5.e3 Nbd7 6.Bd3 dxc4 7.Bxc4
b5 8.Be2 Bb7 9.O-O Be7 10.e4 b4 11.e5 bxc3 12.exf6 Bxf6
13.bxc3 c5 14.dxc5 Nxc5 15.Bb5+ Kf8 16.Qxd8+ Rxd8 17.Ba3 Rc8
18.Nd4 Be7 19.Rfd1 a6 20.Bf1 Na4 21.Rab1 Be4 22.Rb3 Bxa3
23.Rxa3 Nc5 24.Nb3 Ke7 25.Rd4 Bg6 26.c4 Rc6 27.Nxc5 Rxc5
28.Rxa6 Rb8 29.Rd1 Rb2 30.Ra7+ Kf6 31.Ra1 Rf5 32.f3 Re5 33.Ra3
Rc2 34.Rb3 Ra5 35.a4 Ke7 36.Rb5 Ra7 37.a5 Kd6 38.a6 Kc7 39.c5
Rc3 40.Raa5 Rc1 41.Rb3 Kc6 42.Rb6+ Kc7 43.Kf2 Rc2+ 44.Ke3 Rxc5
45.Rb7+ 1-0

https://www.chessgames.com/perl/chessgame?gid=1431697

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  • 3
    +1. 7...h6 is a good old one I forgot. – Adhvaitha Sep 7 at 19:06
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    It's hilarious that Kasparov accused the computer of cheating using a human - how times have changed! – BlueRaja - Danny Pflughoeft Sep 8 at 4:28
11

Not exactly what you're looking for, but in his 1987 match vs Karpov, Kasparov forgot to press his clock during time pressure. Kasparov finally lost that game, the result being heavily influenced by the clock's incident.

https://www.latimes.com/archives/la-xpm-1987-10-15-mn-14340-story.html

https://apnews.com/d00b24ebff5eede461c2587317bcef62

That a professional chess player forgets to press his clock after making a move is quite an extraordinary event.

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    Paywall. Needs to be a subscriber, and they don't have a free registration. :( – JCCyC Sep 7 at 20:17
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    Hm, that's weird, since I don't have an account or anything like that. Myabe I can access it because I'm from out the US? Ok, try this one; csmonitor.com/1987/1104/lchs04.html If that one doesn't work either, try googling for "karpov kasparov 1987 clock" or something similar. – emdio Sep 7 at 21:01
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    I was able to access both, and I am in the US. – Akavall Sep 7 at 23:00
  • Read the AP article. Jeez. Karpov is a dick. Or not. Maybe he DID make that "mistake" of "inadvertently" warning Kasparov on purpose. We'll never know. – JCCyC Sep 10 at 16:35
11

We'll never know the whole truth of the 1951 world championship match. Years after the Soviet Union collapsed, and nearing death, Bronstein still wouldn't talk about it.

The challenger Bronstein was the son of an imprisoned Jewish dissident, while champion Botvinnik was a model Soviet (dichotomy much the same as Korchnoi and Karpov in the '80s). In the memoir The Sorceror's Apprentice, all Bronstein would say was that he was "under great psychological pressure, and it was up to [him] how [he] dealt with it."

We've speculated over 57. Kc2?? in Game 6 for decades, and whether Bronstein resigned prematurely in Game 23 is also a source of doubt.

I don't think Bronstein felt he was permitted to win that match. And he didn't lose it, he tied it. Like he knew all along he could've taken the title away if he thought he and his family could survive that.

rnbqkbnr/pppppppp/8/8/8/8/PPPPPPPP/RNBQKBNR w KQkq - 0 1
[Event "Botvinnik - Bronstein World Championship Match"]
[Site "Moscow URS"]
[Date "1951.03.26"]
[Round "6"]
[Result "0-1"]
[White "David Bronstein"]
[Black "Mikhail Botvinnik"]

1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 d6 6.Bg5 e6 7.Qd2
h6 8.Bxf6 gxf6 9.O-O-O a6 10.f4 Bd7 11.Kb1 Be7 12.Be2 Nxd4
13.Qxd4 Qa5 14.Rhf1 h5 15.Rf3 Qc5 16.Qd2 Bc6 17.Re3 Qa5 18.Bf3
O-O-O 19.Qd3 Rd7 20.h4 Kb8 21.a3 Bd8 22.Ka2 Qc5 23.Re2 a5
24.a4 Bb6 25.b3 Rc8 26.Qc4 Qxc4 27.bxc4 Rh8 28.Kb3 Rdd8 29.Rd3
Bg1 30.Red2 Kc7 31.Ne2 Bf2 32.Rd1 Bc5 33.Ng3 Rdg8 34.Ne2 Rh7
35.f5 e5 36.Nc3 Bd4 37.Rxd4 exd4 38.Rxd4 Rhg7 39.Ne2 Rxg2
40.Bxg2 Rxg2 41.Nf4 Rg3+ 42.Kb2 Rg4 43.Nxh5 Rxh4 44.Nxf6 Kb6
45.Rxd6 Kc5 46.e5 Rd4 47.Rxd4 Kxd4 48.Ng4 Bxa4 49.e6 fxe6
50.f6 Be8 51.Kb3 e5 52.c3 Ke4 53.Nh6 Kf4 54.f7 Bxf7 55.Nxf7 e4
56.Nd8 e3 57.Kc2?? Kg3 0-1
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1

Unfortunately this example does not come from the 1985 match, but Kasparov arrived at the final game of the 1987 rematch needing to secure a win. He made an unusual choice by going for the English Opening for the first time ever against Karpov, ending in a great success. The game can be seen at https://www.chessgames.com/perl/chessgame?gid=1067242

Nobody will ever know what could've happened had Kasparov tried something else, but it'd be interesting to see an alternative timeline where the "old guard" player defeats the "perestroika guy"

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1

In Game 5 of Karpov vs. Korchnoi for the World Championship in 1978, Korchnoi missed a forced mate when he played Be4+ instead of Bf7+ on move 55. The game ended as a lengthy draw.

https://www.chessgames.com/perl/chessgame?gid=1068051

The match was being played as first to 6 wins with draws not counting, and neither player had won a game out of the first four. The match ended as a 6-5 win for Karpov in 32 games after Korchnoi nearly came back from the 5-2 deficit he faced after 27 games. Korchnoi won games 28, 29, and 31, and drew game 30, tying the match at 5-5 before Karpov won Game 32 to retain his title. Had Korchnoi won Game 5 and every following game played out the same, he would only have been down 5-3 following game 27 and the following three victories would have won Korchnoi the match in 31 games.

This was a dramatic match that had bizarre allegations of cheating, as Guest_On_StackExchange mentioned in the comments to the original post. Additionally, this match had a similar dynamic to the match friscodelrosario mentioned, with Korchnoi being a Soviet defector challenging a Soviet champion. Korchnoi winning could have fascinating political/propaganda impacts on your alternate timeline.

Details of the forced win: 55. Bf7+ 55.. Kc6 (forced) 56. Qe6+ 56.. Kb5 or Kb7

If Kb5: 57. Qc4+ 57.. Ka4 (forced) 58. Qa6#

If Kb7: 57. Qxe7+ Black can play Nd7, Kc8, Kc6, Ka6, or Ka8, but all are lost

If Nd7 then Qxd7+ and Ka8 Qc8# or Ka6 Bc4+ b5 Qxb5#

If Kc8 then Qc7#

If Kc6 then Qc7+ Kb5 Bc4+ Ka4 Qxa7#

If Ka6 then Bc4+ b5 Qd6+ Kb7 Qb8+ and Ka6 Bxb5# or Kc6 Qc7#

If Ka8 then Qd8+ Kb7 Qc7+ and Ka8 Qb8# or Ka6 Bc4+ b5 Qc6#

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