24

Bobby Fischer did not resign the title, although it may have looked that way. As the New York Times reported at the time: The International Chess Federation stripped Mr. Fischer of his title and gave it to the challenger, Anatoly Karpov of the Soviet Union, because the 32‐year‐old American failed to meet the deadline for formal acceptance of federation ...


17

What was the role, the duties, etc. of the second (e.g. GM Ray Keene was Korchnoi’s second in the 1978 World Championship match vs. Karpov) What it most definitely was NOT was writing a book of the match ready to rush into print the moment the match finished as Keene did. The way it was supposed to work was that after the time control was reached at move 40 ...


13

Fischer wanted to play under a first-to-ten-wins format. This was the format of the first world championship match between Steinitz and Zukertort. The argument for this format is that it forces whoever is leading in the match to continue to play for a win. For comparison, in 1972, the Fischer vs. Spassky match was first-to-12.5-points. Therefore once a ...


11

How was the candidate chosen? Very simple. Money. The first to raise the $10,000 stake. And when? As soon as possible. Was it some round robin format? No. First to put $10,000 on the table gets to play the match. Was there no Candidates Tourney at all back then? Correct This is explicitly stated in the Wikipedia article you reference: From 1886 to ...


8

The New York 1924 tournament was effectively the Candidates Tournament, Alekhine came third, that put him at the top of the list of challengers. But before he could challenge Capablanca, he needed to raise $10,000 as per Capablanca's London Rules. That took some time. Once he had raised the amount, he then issued Capablanca a formal challenge, which was ...


8

I have spent far too much time on this as is, but here we go. Time control phase X/Y means X moves in Y minutes for each player, + means increment per moves (in seconds). Steinitz's era An idiosyncratic era with matches decided by direct negotiations. 1886: Steinitz-Zukertort, FT10 wins with 8-8 or 9-9 declared as draw 30/120 then 15/60 1889: Steinitz-...


6

From a report by Harry Golombek on the seventh game of the Botvinnik v Smyslov world championship match in Moscow on 30 March 1954: Television made its first appearance in the history of world chess championship matches during the course of this game, which was televised from 8 till 8.30 p.m. Source: BCM, May 1954, page 141. The 24-game match had 14 ...


5

Humans VS machines in the 60s-70s: one way of putting this accomplishment in perspective is by regarding the results of the match between Bobby Fischer and MIT Greenblatt computer program (Running Mac-Hack, a software written by the great Richard Greenblatt himself) in 1977. I do believe that in 1977, Fisher was still very representative of what humans can ...


4

This idea was very popular back in the days, some programmers used their best to create such engines, and they did achieve that (to a certain extend) Some engines that you might want to check out are: Rebel ProDeo ShashChess Szint Szint has more of 100 personalities classified in 3 forms. Szint Training with personalities from 0 to 2600 of elo. Szint GM with ...


4

Carlsen introduced 8... Ne7 (after 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 e5 6.Ndb5 d6 7.Nd5 Nxd5 8.exd5) instead of 8...Nb8. He played this in round 12 and then again in game two of the tiebreak. The line was known before but not played at the highest level and therefore not considered a serious approach by black. You can find the analyzed games here ...


4

Found a Rubinstein game! [fen ""] [Date "1908.??.??"] [White "Alapin, Simon"] [Black "Rubinstein, Akiba"] [WhiteElo "2500"] [BlackElo "2640"] [Result "0-1"] 1.e4 e5 2.Ne2 Nf6 3.f4 Nxe4 4.d3 Nc5 5.fxe5 d5 6.d4 Ne6 7.Nf4 c5 8.Nc3 cxd4 9.Ncxd5 Nc6 10.Bd2 Nxf4 11.Nxf4 Nxe5 12.Bb5+ Bd7 13.Qe2 ...


3

Check out Grossmeyster. Mikhail Tal exchanges a few words with the main character. Keres, Kotov, Taymanov, Averbakh have cameo appearances. Victor Korchnoj plays the main character's coach. I don't know if the English version exists.


3

Where can I find an official list of world championships in chess? I mean, the one above is just wikipedia. Idk I just figure FIDE might have some list on its site somewhere. The closest official FIDE list is in section D. REGULATIONS FOR SPECIFIC COMPETITIONS of The FIDE Handbook. There you will find many subsections specifying the regulations for all the ...


2

This is a very interesting question. Yes I think are people that have tried to implement a "style" of a player, but most engines use a minimax algorithm also know as alpha-beta pruning. However, if you take a look at machine learning models, like Alpha Go, they first emulate/learn for a training set from the masters (called prior) and then train ...


1

I think this type of thing can be achieved using chess engines to certain degree. I am afraid this is not possible with machine learning because of the nature of reinforced learning (Andrew's idea is creative; but I don't think it will work that way). Some aspects of a player's style can be mimicked by forcing a usual chess engine to choose certain types of ...


1

Chess.com semi recently added bots that play like different people in real life. There aren’t a ton of people but it does have a few. A wider range of different players is supported by the engine used in the unfortunately discontinued Chessmaster games by Ubisoft. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chessmaster I’m not the biggest expert in famous players and ...


1

I'm not sure about a world championship game, but genuine underpromotions do occur now and then in grandmaster games. For a starting shot, here is the famous 2012 game with a knight promotion by Hikaru Nakamura. According to the FIDE rating website, Nakamura's rating at the time was 2783 the month game was played. By "highest level," I took that to ...


1

The 1993 American drama film “Searching For Bobby Fischer”, based on the book with the same, has a few cameos by grandmasters. Here is a list of them per Wikipedia. Anjelina Belakovskaia, who has the title of Woman Grandmaster and has been the U.S. women's champion three times. Joel Benjamin , an American grandmaster. Roman Dzindzichashvili, an American ...


1

Yes, the book is in spanish, published by "Editorial Sopena Argentina S.A."., 1978. The title is "Match por el Título Mundial Capablanca - Alekhine, Buenos Aires, 1927. Has 174 pages. Is a gem.


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