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Studies are composed chess puzzles that ask the solver to find a winning or drawing line of play.

Studies are composed chess puzzles that ask the solver to find a winning or drawing line of play. They are closely related to chess problems, but there are two major differences:

  • Studies usually just ask for best play ("White to play and win" or "White to play and draw") and to obtain a theoretically won/drawn position, whereas problems typically seek mate in a specified number of moves (e.g. "White to mate in 4").

  • While both studies and problems are composed positions, those of studies tend to more closely resemble positions from actual play, while problems can be much more contrived.