Not sure if the question is accurately stated in English as was intended.
You lose either by getting mated, losing on time when clock runs out, or you give up for some reason. Or the director forfeits the game for other reasons like your cell phone ringing, or you are caught using the internet for help.
Within the reason to give up it is usually for ...
Just wanted to augment the excellent answer above with some further examples:
Smirin vs Anand, 1994, 0-1
Mamedyarov vs Lputian, 2004, 1-0
Ye Jiangchuan vs Ni Hua, 2004, 1-0
G. Sargissian vs Tiviakov, 2004, 0-1
Radjabov vs P.H. Nielsen, 2004, 1-0
L. Dominguez vs V. Malakhov, 2004, 1-0
Hamdouchi vs Kudrin, 2004, 1-0
P. Smirnov vs Aronian, 2004, 1-0
Dreev vs ...
According to Dr. Ken Regan, no. Players at the same rating even across different eras are approximately equal skill. In other words today's Hikaru Nakamura is stronger than the 1972 Bobby Fischer. This shouldn't be too surprising, given that Nakamura was able to study Fischer's games and learn from Fischer, but not vice versa.
The methodology is by matching ...
The raw data which could be used to extract this information is available on the FIDE website (from 2001) and the Olimpbase website (before 2001). What you will need to do is clean the data (the older the data the more "dirty" it is), construct a relational database and insert the data. Then you will be able to use SQL to search the database for ...
In addition to number of games played, draw rate is a very important factor. The top players will mainly have their ratings brought down by draws against lower rated players. For high level chess, blitz has an 18.5% draw rate compared with a 30.8% for rapid, and 36.9% for classical. Shorter TC allows super-GM level players to do weirder things to bring GMs ...