17

In Indian Chess, the game that was played in the 18th, 19th and early 20th centuries in India (not to be confused with its ancestor Chaturanga), the rules allowed no castle, but double-step pawn moves were not allowed and: The king can make a knight's move once in a game, known as Indian castling. As a consequence, g3 followed by Kg2 for White or ...b6 ...


15

In the vast majority of the cases, 4....d6 and 4....0-0 transpose into each other. However, with 4....0-0 black keeps the option of playing c6 and d5. Recently, this idea has been played by GM Jobava, known for his original approach in the opening: Lupulescu-Jobava, So-Jobava and Vitiugov-Jobava. About the last game, chess.com comments "Just giving away ...


14

In many cases, openings are named after a notable first master game (or games). The master or country does not necessarily must have contributed to it. Apparently in the case of Indian openings (1. d4 Nf6), they are named after Moheschunder Bannerjee. See the Wikipedia article on Indian defence.


12

The c4 square is a natural development square for White's light-squared bishop, which targets the f7-square. Having a pawn on c4 takes away that opportunity. In semi-open defences against 1. e4 the f7-square is shielded by a pawn on e6. But this creates dark-square weaknesses in Black's position when they have a fianchettoed kingside bishop on g7. So Black ...


11

It is good to think more concretely here. After move like e5 three things can happen. White can take on e5, white can play d5 or black will one day play exd4 himself. Taking on e5 never wins a pawn and creates a hole on d4. For good reason not very popular With d5 your bishop is now bad, but the position for black is good, easy and funny to play. An attack ...


10

It is simply not as solid as other openings, mostly because it cedes too much space, and especially with the advent of computers: White has simply found more ways to press black. In a 2017 interview, Magnus Carlsen did not think too highly of it. "If he had wanted a worse position, he would have played the King’s Indian," Carlsen said. Nevertheless, it ...


9

No, you cannot force white to play c4 and end up in a KID. However, if you want to avoid the Pirc, you have several options after 1. d4 Nf6 2. Nc3. ... d5 is the most popular and you usually end up in easy to play positions. E.g. you can fianchetto your bishop to g7, attack the center with c5, etc.. You need to be prepared for the Hübsch/Blackmar-Diemer ...


9

Typically you use a pawn storm to exchange pawns around the castled enemy king and thereby to open lines and diagonals for an attack. Most of the time you want a closed (to some extent) center in order to avoid counterplay in the center. In this sense your example 4 is not a typical use case for a pawn storm. It might make sense to push the pawns here as ...


8

According to Joe Gallagher-Starting Out The King's Indian Defense and David Vigorito-Attacking Chess-The King's Indian Volume 2 the most solid line for White in King's Indian is the Fianchetto variation. I tend to agree with it. Before explaining why, let me just show you the tabya so I can better explain my point of view : [Title "KID, the Fianchetto ...


8

There is a general principle that says that, in positions with a blocked center, every side must attack in the direction where his own pawn chain points to. For example, in the KID, sometimes White has pawns in e4 and d5 (White's pawn chain) and Black has pawns in d6 and e5 (Black's pawn chain). So we see that White's pawn chain points to the queenside, ...


8

Elo points don't matter. Just play what opening you feel comfortable with most. If you play it well intuitively, then go ahead.


8

Chess engines are currently not able to give you a good analysis of opening moves all by themselves. This is basically due to the huge number of possible variations during the opening phase. Engines are effectively limited to a certain depth and if the potential positions some 10-20 moves later are still roughly equal you cannot decide on a best move. ...


8

It may be to the fact that you are making his bad Bishop into a Monster. After 6...c5, 7. d5 Nh5! and the dark square bishop is free to roam. [FEN "rnbq1rk1/pp2ppbp/3p2p1/2pP3n/2P2B2/4PN2/PP1N1PPP/R2QKB1R w KQ - 1 8"]


8

There are many reasons why percentages are misleading. They can mean that the move is more often played when white is stronger than black, or in situations where a draw isn't what white wants, or there is a trap that many people fall into but that can be avoided, or lots of different reasons. Maybe it used to be considered good in the past until some novelty ...


7

According to the Game Database of ChessTempo, after 6.Be3, there are 3 main variations: 6....e5: 1970 games 6....Nc6: 1651 games 6....c5: 1335 games After 6....e5 white's main moves are 7.d5 and 7.Nge2. After 7.d5 black has two options: 7....c6 (counterplay on the queen side) or 7....Nh5 8.Qd2 f5 (counterplay on the king side). After 7.Nge2 black's most ...


7

The reason for playing ...Nh5 is to have the option of playing ...Nf4, where ...exf4 would unleash his usually bad KID bishop. Case in point is the Bayonet Attack: [FEN ""] [Event "?"] [Site "?"] [Date "?"] [Round "?"] [White "?"] [Black "?"] [Result "*"] 1. d4 Nf6 2. c4 g6 3. Nc3 Bg7 4. e4 d6 5. Nf3 O-O 6. Be2 e5 7. O-O Nc6 8. d5 Ne7 9. b4 The main move ...


7

If you want to play c4 against the King's Indian, it's better to go "all in" by having your e-pawn on e4 (so playing a main line against the KID). With the pawn on e3 you're sort of dipping your toe in the water with c4. It's not nearly as effective. There's also an important tactical reason for why c4 is bad (probably why Stockfish gave -1). After 6...c5, ...


7

I don't think the problem is with any c4 in this type of position altogether. I think that if you go for a line like 5.c4 and 6.Nc3 your position is just OK. The particular position you post is maybe a different story as the knight is a bit misplaced on d2 (this leaves the d4 pawn a bit exposed. Many of the moves suggested are right, and exploit this fact ...


7

It is a matter of choice Many grandmasters (e.g. world champion Viswanathan Anand) have consistently played 1.c4 e5 with Black. Others favour the KID or other defenses : Hedgehog (with b6), symmetrical English (1.c4 c5), Pseudo-Nimzo (with Nf6 and e6), Pseudo-Grünfeld (with Nf6 and d5), Réti (with e6 and d5) or Slav-like (with c6 and d5) defenses... There is ...


6

Attacking/Defending the empty house This is going to be a long answer that will require several edits to complete, but I wanted there to be an answer started. Not moving a pawn in front of the king leads it to be vulnerable to back rank mates. Moving a pawn in front of the king (making luft) creates holes that can be exploited (particularly by knights). ...


6

After 6....e5 the centre usually gets closed with white playing d5. This closed centre helps black in his kingside attack with f5, g5, ... The dark squared bishop sometimes goes to f8 from where it helps to support the d6 pawn which can get weak if white attacks on the queenside. The positions after c5 are completely different resembling the Sicilian ...


6

You do not say why you lose: Are you being beaten positionally, or are your opponents successfully attacking your king? This a VERY difficult question to answer since it is such a large opening to cover (the Vassilios Kotronias books on the King's Indian from Quality Chess are 5 volumes!). Basically, what you are looking to do is play on the queenside, ...


6

I'm not a KID expert, but Joe Gallagher GM is, so I'll quote him from "Starting out: The King's Indian": "If you are going to play the King's Indian with Black you may be a little confused as to whether you should aim for ... c7-c5 or ... e7-e5. I tend to adhere to the following rule: Play ... e7-e5 except when White develops his queen bishop ...


6

The main purpose of a pawn storm is to exchange pawns and open lines. Therefore, in the ideal case you should push the pawn that can easily be exchanged. With a Black pawn on g6, it makes sense to play h4-h5. The only way White's g-pawn could be directly exchanged would be if Black had a pawn on h6 (as is the case in your first diagram). However, g4 can be ...


6

Very related: Traxler Counterattack The answer is effectively the same: White has roughly a +0.5 advantage in the starting position, and a shift of a few centipawns one way or another is acceptable, but if that advantage has grown to +1.5 there's a problem. Do note that the starting position of the KID, 1. d4 Nf6 2. c4 g6 3. Nc3 Bg7 4. e4 d6 is evaluated at ...


6

KID is a notorious difficult opening for a chess engine to evaluate. Forget all those opening lines, just look at the standard positions based on standard positional terms. White has an advanced pawn on d5 in many lines. This gives space advantage. Even if White doesn't a pawn on d5, White's centre control is apparently stronger. Open d-file for the queen, ...


6

Having the kings indian as my main opening in response for 1.d4 I see nothing immediately loosing (I might be wrong) and would personally be happy to play this position. The variations I have considered are hopefully inline with my argument that black is doing fine and If I have missed something obvious or have misrepresented white please let me know. ...


6

The knight on h5 has no retreat squares, which means the threat of White playing g2-g4 is on the cards. The move ... Bh8 then frees up the g7 square so the knight has a retreat square should it be attacked.


6

The two openings don't really compete with each other, as one is a defense against 1.d4/c4/Nf3 and the other against 1.e4. To understand their popularity, you have to compare them against alternative choices that they do compete with. So say black is looking for a defense to use as a main part of their repertoire when attempting to win as black, that yields ...


6

The first section of this answer is more subjective but I hope still insightful. The KID isn't necessarily the best choice for a must-win game but it is a good choice for a fighting game and for creating chances to win as black. This is because it often creates a game where White will need to make many difficult choices and there are chances for White to go ...


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