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46 votes
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Game ended with a handshake

From my experience (small to medium central European Opens), offering a handshake without words is a commonly accepted form of resignation. The handshake is not part of any official rules. However, ...
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44 votes
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Why do GMs repeat moves instead of offering a draw?

A repetition giving the opponent the opportunity to claim a draw is a de facto draw offer but not a de jure draw offer. What does that mean? Well the "de facto" part means that in practice ...
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  • 74.2k
39 votes

Please help solve this endgame problem posed by a friend

White is one tempo short of catching the pawn - if White could make two moves immediately it would be a draw as white would just take the black pawn. But they can't, so white has to find a threat ...
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35 votes
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Running out of time before playing a forced move that would draw the game

In the final position where white's only legal move is Kxg8 leaving bare kings the position is a draw if white's flag falls before playing the move. The FIDE Laws of Chess are quite explicit: 6.9 ...
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34 votes
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What will happen if all games are draws for a World Chess Championship?

From the Wikipedia page of WCC 2021: The match consists of 14 games, and a score of 7½ wins the world championship. If the score is equal after 14 games, tie-break games with faster time controls ...
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  • 1,573
32 votes

Examples of forced stalemate

Oh sure, here are two examples (annotated): This is a neat puzzle from the chess.com tactics, with white to play! [title "White to play!"] [fen "1q6/2b2ppb/4p1k1/7p/2Np1p1P/3P1Q2/6PK/8 w - - 0 1"] ...
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  • 11.8k
31 votes
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Does a KQQ vs KQ endgame position with perpetual check exist?

The position given by Akavall is indeed a draw by perpetual, but it's a bit difficult to see because White has many different options at some moves. They can even choose to sacrifice the h2 queen, ...
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  • 23.8k
30 votes
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Why did I lose on time with three pawns versus a knight? Shouldn't it be a draw?

Draw with insufficient material is covered in article 9.6: The game is drawn when a position is reached from which a checkmate cannot occur by any possible series of legal moves, even with the most ...
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  • 1,547
29 votes

Why did I lose on time with three pawns versus a knight? Shouldn't it be a draw?

Worst-case scenario: Upgraded all your pawns to knights Your king is at Ka8 Your knights surround your king, so at Nb8, Na7 and Nb7 Opposition knight is at Nc7# - checkmate! So it is indeed possible ...
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28 votes

Is this a draw despite the Stockfish evaluation of −5?

This is a fortress and a draw. The black king can't advance as the rook, shuffling between h3 and f3, prevents it. The only way to break the fortress is to trade the queen for the rook and pawn, but ...
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  • 5,123
26 votes

Why is there no rule allowing a player to claim a draw in lonely king endgames?

Why is there no rule allowing a player to claim a draw in lonely king endgames? For the simple reason that there is no need. If you are the player with the extra material you can offer a draw and be ...
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25 votes
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What is sufficient mating material?

Most basic first - this rule is the reason that King vs King is an immediate draw. Neither side has a piece to check with, let alone checkmate with. A position that is a draw because neither side can ...
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  • 25.8k
24 votes

Is this endgame (sort-of Q vs K) a draw?

According to the Lomonosov tablebases, it's mate in 40 for black. While the queen can't force mate by herself, she can force a zugzwang. In this case, when the bishop is forced to move to e8. Then, it'...
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  • 3,924
23 votes
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Can you take back a draw offer?

No. Rule 9.1.2.1 of the FIDE rules says it all: 9.1.2.1 A player wishing to offer a draw shall do so after having made a move on the chessboard and before pressing his clock. An offer at any ...
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  • 25.8k
22 votes
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How do you hold a draw with a knight against a rook?

The weaker side needs to keep Knight close to his King in order to achieve draw. There are some special cases where the stronger side wins even in those situations, like when Knight is cornered or ...
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22 votes
Accepted

Is this endgame (sort-of Q vs K) a draw?

Here's a simpler way to see why it's winning for black: You're right that the queen cannot checkmate the king by itself, but it can stalemate the king [*] (an example pointed out by Ionut Deaconu) and ...
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  • 11.8k
22 votes

What is the theoretical maximal material difference of a dead draw which is not a stalemate?

[fen ""] 1. a4 b5 2. b4 bxa4 3. c4 c5 4. d4 cxb4 5. e4 d5 6. f4 dxc4 7. g4 e5 8. h4 exd4 9. Ba3 g5 10. Nc3 gxh4 11. Qb3 f5 12. Kf2 h3 13. Kg3 h2 14. Bd3 Qa5 15. Kh4 dxc3 16. Kg5 h5 17. Kg6 cxb3 18. ...
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22 votes

Is this a draw despite the Stockfish evaluation of −5?

This position is a standard classical fortress. There is no way the Black color can go through as long as White just shuffle pieces, wait and do nothing silly. Stockfish is a computer algorithm, it ...
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  • 21.4k
22 votes

Insufficient material draw on lichess.org

FIDE laws of chess: https://www.fide.com/FIDE/handbook/LawsOfChess.pdf "6.9 Except where one of the Articles: 5.1.a, 5.1.b, 5.2.a, 5.2.b, 5.2.c applies, if a player does not ...
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  • 2,532
22 votes

Running out of time before playing a forced move that would draw the game

Draw by dead position Once Black plays 2...Qxg8 the game is a draw. At once, and whatever the clock situation. White doesn't even have to play 3.Kxg8 - it is irrelevant, but actually s/he shouldn't do ...
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  • 12.8k
21 votes
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Has the 75 move draw rule ever been invoked in a FIDE rated standard game involving a GM?

Yes. [Event "Northumbria Masters"] [Site "Newcastle"] [Date "2018.02.18"] [Round "8"] [White "Britton, Richard L"] [Black "Hebden GM, Mark L"] [ECO "C89"] [WhiteElo "2255"] [BlackElo "2454"] [Result "...
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  • 74.2k
20 votes
Accepted

Is this endgame a draw? 2 Bishops + 4 Pawns vs Queen + 1 Pawn

Black is winning handily from the diagram position, and has a fairly straightforward strategy going forward: force the b-pawn's advance to b2 with the support of the bishops (starting with 1...Be6 to ...
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  • 23k
20 votes

Why is offering draw not recorded but giving a check recorded?

Both recording checks and draw offers are personal preference, and neither is required in your notation. I actually do record both checks as "+" or "++", and draw offers as "(d)". I know I am not the ...
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  • 31.9k
20 votes
Accepted

Why is offering draw not recorded but giving a check recorded?

According to the FIDE Laws of Chess: Appendix C. Algebraic notation C.12 The offer of a draw shall be marked as (=) As with a number of the laws regarding recording of the moves this is not ...
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  • 74.2k
20 votes

Is it bad etiquette to try to make an opponent lose on time when a position is clearly drawn?

Etiquette doesn't really come into it unless your name is Gata Kamsky (strong language warning for the link). The rule is very simple. If you want flagging to be a part of the game then play with no ...
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  • 74.2k
19 votes
Accepted

Resignation when a draw is offered

is it legal to reply with resignation when a draw is offered? Of course. This is all that the FIDE Laws of Chess has to say about resignation: 5.1.2 The game is won by the player whose opponent ...
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  • 74.2k
19 votes

Why do GMs repeat moves instead of offering a draw?

In many top level tournaments you are not allowed to offer a draw before a certain number of moves are played (often 30 or 40). The purpose of such a rule is to prevent very quick draws. However, one ...
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  • 2,532
18 votes
Accepted

Is it poor form to win a drawn position on time?

This is opinion based and therefore not a great fit for the Stack Exchange format, but here are my thoughts anyway. The lower the time limit, the more acceptable it is from a sportsmanship view. In ...
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  • 25.8k
18 votes

How to indicate that "I need more time to consider your draw offer" in a formal game?

The polite way to react to a legally made (opponent moves, offers draw and then presses the clock) draw offer which you are not going to immediately accept is to say something like "I'll think about ...
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  • 74.2k
17 votes

Endgame - pawnless Queen + Rook vs Queen

In the vast majority of the cases, an ending of Q+R vs. Q should be winning. However, some exceptions exist, for instance: [FEN "6RK/7Q/5q2/8/8/8/8/3k4 w - - 0 1"] 1.Qg7 Qh4+ 2.Qh7 Qf6+ 3....
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