Questions tagged [terminology]

Questions about the particular terminology used in chess

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8
votes
2answers
409 views

Question on chess commentary in written form

I'm new to English chess notation and have never read or heard chess commentary in a broadcast or publication form. I'm trying to decipher the following commentary ICGA's footnote to caption: ACM CCC,...
2
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1answer
78 views

What is the 'combustion point' of a game? This was in an upvoted answer

Saw an answer and it had been upvoted. Person answering had a large rep on stack. The term used that was not explained is: 'Combustion Point' (of a game) My question is just what does 'combustion ...
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6answers
6k views

How is "fianchetto" really pronounced?

I have heard "fianchetto" for four decades now, and I have always pronounced it "fēənˈCHetō", but I have heard many people also pronounce it "fēənˈketō". It is of Italian origin, so I am wondering if ...
8
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3answers
751 views

Term for sacrifice that causes opponent to block an escape square?

A decoy or deflection typically lure an opponent's piece away from a square. What is it called when you sacrifice in order to lure/force an opponent to a certain square in order to prevent another ...
24
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5answers
4k views

What does it mean to play "positionally", and how do you train that?

I often hear this term thrown around when people are analyzing chess, but I don't really know what it means. I assume it's a generic term that means to play defensively, or to set up for the future. ...
22
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2answers
59k views

What is the Bongcloud opening?

I have heard the Bongcloud opening mentioned on chess.com, but I have never heard of that. Is this a real opening, and if so, what is it?
5
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2answers
640 views

What is "Chronological Order" in chess?

I have heard about "chronological order" in chess. But I don't know what it is exactly. Can someone tell me what this is?
3
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1answer
194 views

Does the pawn's initial double square move have a special name?

Does the pawn's initial double square move have a special name, akin to how special capturing move that the pawn has is called en passant?
13
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1answer
5k views

How did the Fried Liver Attack get its name?

Many chess openings get their name from a player who invented it and/or played it and/or documented it. Place names are also frequently used, denoting where an opening was first played or became ...
1
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1answer
181 views

Is there a name attributed to this type of checkmate pattern?

I was going over an old lichess.com game when I realized that the checkmating pattern seemed familiar. [FEN "5rk1/p4pp1/1p5p/2p4Q/2P3R1/P4q2/6RP/4r2K w - - 0 1"] Here it is boiled down, ...
5
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2answers
203 views

Definition of Soundness

What exactly does it mean for a gambit to be unsound? I see this term being used a lot but I have yet to come across a precise definition. Is it enough for white to lose the advantage that comes ...
20
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3answers
8k views

What are "full piece" and "half piece" in chess?

I'm reading Kasparov's Deep Thinking and I came across this sentence: In one computer championship, a machine blundered a full piece early in the game but its opponent declined to capture it. When I ...
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3answers
4k views

Term for checking piece whose opponent daren't capture it

What if any, is the term for a piece whose owner gets a draw by keeping up a relentless series of checks with it -- a paradox being that even if this player puts it en prise, the opponent daren't ...
2
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1answer
126 views

Annotations to Fischer vs Sherwin,1957

I have a Russian translation of Bobby Fischer's My 60 Memorable Games. In the Game 1 (http://www.chessgames.com/perl/chessgame?gid=1008366) in the annotations given after Black's 4. ...Ng8-f6 the ...
9
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1answer
1k views

What is a pure checkmate?

Recently I heard something about pure checkmate. This is a special kind of checkmate where each of the squares around the king has to be covered by just one single piece. One simple example of this ...
3
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1answer
359 views

What is a “dual” in chess problems, such as the Babson task?

I’ve read up on Babson tasks, and they mention that all known tasks are not perfect because there are duals. I’m not sure what this means exactly. What precisely is a “dual” in chess problems?
6
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2answers
466 views

Is there a name for fork-protected pieces?

Sometimes the reason a piece should not be captured isn’t the recapture, but rather the threat of a fork because the capturing piece would find itself in just the wrong spot. The 1926 game between ...
6
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3answers
720 views

Chess strategy versus positional chess

If one master writes a book on chess strategy (example here) and another writes a book on positional chess (example here), are they writing more or less on the same subject? Do other major chess ...
5
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1answer
220 views

Can these chess terms be used interchangeably?

I am confused by the usage of the following chess terms: 'positional advantage', 'initiative', 'attack', 'pressure', 'aggressive/active moves' and 'play/counterplay'. Do they mean the same thing? Can ...
4
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2answers
338 views

What should be defined as an en passant checkmate?

Is there a general consensus among composers, players, and/or organizations for what exactly defines an en passant checkmate, and is there any history to it? As far as I know, there are two ...
9
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1answer
1k views

Is a gambit still a gambit if it's calculated through to the end?

I recently gambitted a knight (I call it a gambit as I gave away a knight without being able to take back). However I had calculated through all the possibilities and five moves or so later I have an ...
5
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2answers
247 views

Can't understand a sentence from Nimzowitsch's Chess Praxis

In the chapter "Centralization" of his Chess Praxis, Nimzowitsch writes The mechanics of centralization can be seen in the way that, after the necessary restraint of a possibly mobile opposing ...
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2answers
682 views

What types of pawns are there in chess?

I’ve heard of a few types of of pawns in chess gameplay. These include passed pawns, thorn/fawn pawns, promoted pawns, and and en passant pawns. But that is all I can remember. What other kinds of ...
17
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1answer
3k views

Was the value of thorn pawns fully appreciated in decades past?

Many videos on YouTube channel "Kingscrusher" which discuss the play of new neural-net engines like Leela Chess Zero focus considerable attention upon the development of "thorn pawns" which are pawns ...
5
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1answer
213 views

Where does the phrase "Botvinnik moment" come from?

In his analysis of the first game in the 2018 world championship, Antonio Radić says that on move 9. ... b7-b6, Carlsen took six minutes to make a move that he probably already knew: And now ...
25
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3answers
6k views

How to describe two knights defending each other?

How to describe two knights defending each other? Linked knights? Doubled knights? In Chinese Chess, two 马 (horse/knight)s protecting one another is quite common, and there is a standard ...
2
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2answers
228 views

Does this rook endgame have a name or known original analyst?

The position is analyzed in many endgame works, but to my knowledge hasn't been given a name as other similar endgames (e.g. "Vancura's position") have. Two of the most authoritative works, Nunn (...
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3answers
300 views

Must chess studies be composed?

My question is on the definition of the term "study." If there is an interesting endgame position that occurs in a real game between two real players, and the position is later posed to somebody who ...
4
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1answer
112 views

What is the name of this mating pattern?

Recently I delivered the mate shown below. Does it have a name? [fen "1r5r/2p3pp/2R5/1pkPpp2/2b1P3/2K2P2/6PP/R7 w - - 0 1"]
13
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3answers
2k views

What term is used to describe the following situation?

A situation where the movement of the opponent's pieces gets more and more restricted as the attack develops. The opponent can't make moves easily without losing something.
6
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1answer
832 views

What kind of gun is Alekhine's gun?

This question is about chess linguistics. Alekhine's gun is the pattern where the queen is placed behind two rooks. Who came up with the phrase? Is it clear which kind of gun they had in mind? In ...
5
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3answers
2k views

What does "penned in" mean in Chess?

Bishops are worth more than knights except when they are penned in. What is meant by penned in? Does that mean that they are blocked by other pieces?
5
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1answer
189 views

Why is it called the Max Lange attack?

Why is it called the Max Lange attack and not simply the Lange attack? After all, we don't have openings called the Richard Reti opening or the Wilhelm Steinitz defense or the Frank Marshall attack. ...
5
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6answers
659 views

How to determine if a position is open or closed in a "rigorous" fashion?

I am creating a set of chess positions to be used [as a data set] for a project. It's based on supervised machine learning, but I need to have labeled data (see more italicized text below) before any ...
2
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1answer
2k views

Is there a name for non-pawn pieces? [duplicate]

I'm trying to describe chess to a person, and one of my sentences was: "Two rows, one with pawns and another with [non-pawns]" What would the collection of King, Queen, Bishops, Knights and Towers ...
4
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2answers
387 views

Is the expression 'fixing pawns' or 'fixed pawns' - a proper term to describe blockaded pawns?

I feel this 'fix' terminology may have come as a direct translation from Russian chess literature (so I see it used in Dvoretsky's books); is 'fixed' really a proper English term to describe pawns ...
1
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1answer
172 views

beginner chess terminology: opening is white's and defense is black's?

absolute beginning self-learner here, asking trivial terminology: xyz(placeholder) opening is speaking of white's play and zyx(placeholder) defense is referring to black's play, is that correct? or ...
6
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4answers
8k views

What is a "club player"?

I often see this phrase being used in chess articles, apparently used to distinguish these players from professional chess players, grandmasters, etc. But what exactly are they? What Elo range? Only ...
16
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3answers
4k views

What does it mean to call a line "sharp"?

I am a chess newbie and I was watching a video on four knights opening and the person was discussing another variation and he said that one is dramatic and quite sharp. From what I saw, it seems "...
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2answers
268 views

What does "best five out of eight" mean?

The following dialogue is between two chess players at the end of a game. Does it mean "you have lost 4 games so far, what is your idea about going for the 5th game and developing the competition ...
13
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2answers
1k views

What is a fortress in chess?

Throughout the 2016 World Championship match, analysts have made many references to the term "fortress". What does it mean, and how can I use it to my advantage?
5
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4answers
436 views

En Passant vs In Passing

In Lasker's Manual of Chess (written 1932 or earlier) I have just read the phrase 'in passing' referring to the en passant capture. I wonder if this expression is old-fashioned or still in use. ...
4
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3answers
678 views

What is a "big pawn"?

I've seen the term "big pawn" come up a few times (such as here and here), but I can't seem to trace down an exact definition. What is it?
5
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1answer
535 views

What does "U2000: ($600 b/25) $250-150-100." mean?

When looking for tournaments I keep finding myself confused by abbreviations used (I just found a reference which has been slightly helpful). This one for example is from a Marshall club tournament in ...
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3answers
2k views

Pieces, pawns and chessmen

In English as far as I know, pawns were once not pieces. A player had eight pieces and eight pawns which, together, totaled 16 chessmen. When did this usage change? Why? And (if you happen to know) ...
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2answers
2k views

What does chess theory refer to?

I hear some people say certain players only win because they know/memorized a lot of theory? I don't know the "official" term for these types of players but it makes me concerned because hopefully I'm ...
3
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2answers
1k views

What is a gambit?

I am a chess beginner, having played over 500 games. However, I never understood gambits, despite the fact that I am very good at openings. I always play the Queen's Opening, King's Opening, or the ...
1
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1answer
111 views

Is prophylaxis a feature of the hypermodern school?

Wikipedia mentions prophylaxis in the article of hypermodernism in chess. But is it really a feature of the hypermodern school? I have not seen prophylaxis in any other book or article about ...
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5answers
757 views

Why is the definition of check not circular?

If you want to determine whether a player is in check I think you would: 1.1) determine every legal move of the opposition; 1.2.) determine whether such a move threatens our king (i.e. could 'take' ...
5
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3answers
165 views

What defines a forcing move with major/minor pieces?

I have been taking various training tests and the answer almost always involves some sort of forcing move. Clearly attacking a king will always force a response but when another piece is involved (...