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Questions tagged [terminology]

Questions about the particular terminology used in chess

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20
votes
2answers
35k views

Why are the corner pieces referred to as “rooks” in English?

Various sources like those quoted in Wikipedia say that it's a mistake, or old-fashioned, to refer to rooks as "castles". Why is this, though? Other languages generally refer to these pieces as "...
6
votes
1answer
148 views

Is there a name for the a position where King is on the first/last row and an enemy pawn is directly in front?

I'm trying to figure out if there is any name for this particular position so that it might be easier for me to research it more - not so much the rook as much as having king behind the pawn. I play ...
16
votes
2answers
5k views

Is there an origin or story of where the pieces that make a chess game got their name from?

I understand why there would be a king and queen but I would love to know where the idea to call pieces what they are - such as the Rook, Knight, Bishop and Pawn - came from. Is there any background ...
6
votes
1answer
210 views

What does [6/10]-611 stand for?

I am using Chess for Android app by Aart Bik. Fairly easy to use and understand (and difficult to beat). I get these numbers displayed below the noted moves and I think these are analysis symbols ...
16
votes
3answers
6k views

What is a tabiya and what is their importance?

I've heard the term Tabiya used online though I've never really run into it in any chess book I've read. I have an idea of what the term means but I'm not sure I'm correct, so first I'll say what I ...
5
votes
3answers
151 views

What's the difference between “White is winning” and “White is better”?

Many times in literature there are statements like "White/Black is winning" or "White/Black is better". How does one differentiate between the two? How could it be possible for White to be better and ...
7
votes
4answers
854 views

What common patterns should I look for in chess?

When I started learning, I had lots of games where I lost lots of material through not being familiar with these sneaky attacks. I am talking about these: There are many more (two minor pieces being ...
7
votes
1answer
982 views

When was the term 'Super Grandmaster' first used?

According to the following wiki link, The unofficial title, "Super Grandmaster", is often used by players to refer to those with a 2700+ rating to distinguish the most serious world champion ...
11
votes
2answers
624 views

Did any authors ever try to adopt Hans Kmoch's pawn structure terminology?

In response to an earlier question, I mentioned the 1959 book Pawn Power in Chess by IM Hans Kmoch. One of the book's most well-known aspects it that it introduced a glut of less-than-useful ...
15
votes
1answer
3k views

What are the origins of the words 'zwischenzug' and 'zugzwang'?

I've heard chess analysts use the words Zugzwang (being forced to make a bad move) and Zwischenzug (making an intermediate move which improves the outcome of the next move) in commentary. Does anyone ...
13
votes
1answer
415 views

Does Boris Gelfand share his surname with a chess piece?

Boris Gelfand was just narrowly edged out by Anand in their match's rapid tiebreaks, and I thought I'd ask an oddball question related to him. The bishop chess piece is known by several different ...