Questions tagged [terminology]

Questions about the particular terminology used in chess

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7
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5answers
3k views

Is there a terminology for “the worst winning move”?

What do people call a move which maintains a winning position but is the worst among all such moves? For example, h8=N+ is such a move in the following game: [FEN "8/7P/6k1/8/8/8/B1K5/8 w - - 0 1&...
2
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1answer
76 views

Cocking the gun tactical motif (preparing a discovered attack)

There is a tactical motif I call "cocking the gun" which I have never seen explicitly mentioned. It happens when you prepare a discovered attack. See the following board. Is there an ...
5
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2answers
809 views

Is there any other notation system other than algebraic notation?

Other than the current coordinate notations used in chess, are there any other notations that anybody knows about? I am looking for anything that does not employ the coordinate system like naming all ...
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5answers
1k views

Is there a word to count one moving by one player?

Is there a word to count one moving by one player? For example, the following series of moves: e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 is counted as three moves. But if I want to denote "e4" as a unit ...
2
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1answer
131 views

How does Magnus create opportunities for his opponents to go wrong?

I have heard this statement many times, but I don't understand it. What does it mean exactly?
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4answers
759 views

What is perfect play?

What exactly is perfect play? Can there can be multiple perfect plays, which sounds quite contradictory? If perfect play is known for all openings then why would a player play anything other than that?...
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2answers
86 views

What are the rapid and blitz forms of chess?

I have no clue-I am a recreational player who wants to join FIDE tournaments.
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1answer
164 views

What is the correct name for a part of a chessboard: 'square' or 'cell'?

I play shogi (Japanese chess) and there is a word "マス" to call a cell of a square lattice not only used in shogi and chess. As far as I have read the article about chess in Wikipedia, it seems that "...
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12answers
3k views

What is the English maxim for “Rather losing a material / piece, than losing a tempo / an initiative”?

Chess, Xiangqi (Chinese Chess) and Go all highly value the tempo/initiative. The Chinese saying "宁失一子,不失一先" literally means It is better to lose material/piece, than a tempo/initiative. (宁=...
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3answers
802 views

Help needed to find a Swedish opening

It appears that openings are named after almost any country or city in the world. Spanish opening, Italian game, French defense, Hungarian gambit, London system and so on. Because I am from Sweden I ...
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2answers
80 views

Identifying “big pawn” bishops

I use to trade my bishop pairs for opponent’s knight pair most of the time. But since my recent peak of interest in the game, I have been doing studying and learning. Thus, the bishop is one of my ...
5
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2answers
603 views

What is the definition of an “outpost”?

The Wikipedia definition of an "outpost" is this: “A position on the chess board where a knight is defended by a pawn from its same side.” Does it have to be a knight?
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1answer
178 views

What is the “Gufeld Bishop”?

I have another question I am going to ask and answer. The other day, I was watching a chess24 video, and GM Jan Gustafsson mentioned the “Gufeld Bishop”. What is the “Gufeld Bishop”?
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1answer
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What is a “tornado” in chess?

I am going to ask and answer this question since I played in one for the first time in almost 40 years yesterday, and because I find it surprising that no one has asked this previously. So, "what is ...
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4answers
3k views

What is it called when opposite colored pawns up against each other?

When a white pawn and a black pawn are touching on a file, what is it called?
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4answers
336 views

Why is it called a draw?

There's no information as to why it's called a draw. Some of my students start to take out a pencil and paper and literally draw in the middle of the game. Why is it called a draw?
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1answer
466 views

What do DTM, DTZ, DTC, DTR, DTZ50, and DTZR mean?

I need help clarifying the abbreviations and acronyms used in endgame tablebases. Just what do DTM, DTZ, DTC, DTR, DTZ50, DTZR mean?
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2answers
337 views

Question on chess commentary in written form

I'm new to English chess notation and have never read or heard chess commentary in a broadcast or publication form. I'm trying to decipher the following commentary ICGA's footnote to caption: ACM CCC,...
2
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1answer
75 views

What is the 'combustion point' of a game? This was in an upvoted answer

Saw an answer and it had been upvoted. Person answering had a large rep on stack. The term used that was not explained is: 'Combustion Point' (of a game) My question is just what does 'combustion ...
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6answers
4k views

How is “fianchetto” really pronounced?

I have heard "fianchetto" for four decades now, and I have always pronounced it "fēənˈCHetō", but I have heard many people also pronounce it "fēənˈketō". It is of Italian origin, so I am wondering if ...
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2answers
596 views

Term for sacrifice that causes opponent to block an escape square?

A decoy or deflection typically lure an opponent's piece away from a square. What is it called when you sacrifice in order to lure/force an opponent to a certain square in order to prevent another ...
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5answers
4k views

What does it mean to play “positionally”, and how do you train that?

I often hear this term thrown around when people are analyzing chess, but I don't really know what it means. I assume it's a generic term that means to play defensively, or to set up for the future. ...
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1answer
31k views

What is the bongcloud opening?

I have heard the Bongcloud opening mentioned on chess.com, but I have never heard of that. Is this a real opening, and if so, what is it?
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2answers
562 views

What is “Chronological Order” in chess?

I have heard about "chronological order" in chess. But I don't know what it is exactly. Can someone tell me what this is?
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1answer
129 views

Does the pawn's initial double square move have a special name?

Does the pawn's initial double square move have a special name, akin to how special capturing move that the pawn has is called en passant?
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1answer
3k views

How did the Fried Liver Attack get its name?

Many chess openings get their name from a player who invented it and/or played it and/or documented it. Place names are also frequently used, denoting where an opening was first played or became ...
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2answers
133 views

Definition of Soundness

What exactly does it mean for a gambit to be unsound? I see this term being used a lot but I have yet to come across a precise definition. Is it enough for white to lose the advantage that comes ...
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3answers
4k views

Term for checking piece whose opponent daren't capture it

What if any, is the term for a piece whose owner gets a draw by keeping up a relentless series of checks with it -- a paradox being that even if this player puts it en prise, the opponent daren't ...
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1answer
82 views

Annotations to Fischer vs Sherwin,1957

I have a Russian translation of Bobby Fischer's My 60 Memorable Games. In the Game 1 (http://www.chessgames.com/perl/chessgame?gid=1008366) in the annotations given after Black's 4. ...Ng8-f6 the ...
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1answer
784 views

What is a pure checkmate?

Recently I heard something about pure checkmate. This is a special kind of checkmate where each of the squares around the king has to be covered by just one single piece. One simple example of this ...
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1answer
158 views

What is a “dual” in chess problems, such as the Babson task?

I’ve read up on Babson tasks, and they mention that all known tasks are not perfect because they are duals. I’m not sure what this means exactly. What precisely is a “dual” in chess problems?
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2answers
348 views

Is there a name for fork-protected pieces?

Sometimes the reason a piece should not be captured isn’t the recapture, but rather the threat of a fork because the capturing piece would find itself in just the wrong spot. The 1926 game between ...
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3answers
378 views

Chess strategy versus positional chess

If one master writes a book on chess strategy (example here) and another writes a book on positional chess (example here), are they writing more or less on the same subject? Do other major chess ...
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1answer
213 views

Can these chess terms be used interchangeably?

I am confused by the usage of the following chess terms: 'positional advantage', 'initiative', 'attack', 'pressure', 'aggressive/active moves' and 'play/counterplay'. Do they mean the same thing? Can ...
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2answers
249 views

What should be defined as an en passant checkmate?

Is there a general consensus among composers, players, and/or organizations for what exactly defines an en passant checkmate, or any history to it? As far as I know, there are two possibilities for ...
9
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1answer
988 views

Is a gambit still a gambit if it's calculated through to the end?

I recently gambitted a knight (I call it a gambit as I gave away a knight without being able to take back). However I had calculated through all the possibilities and five moves or so later I have an ...
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2answers
210 views

Can't understand a sentence from Nimzowitsch's Chess Praxis

In the chapter "Centralization" of his Chess Praxis, Nimzowitsch writes The mechanics of centralization can be seen in the way that, after the necessary restraint of a possibly mobile opposing ...
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2answers
422 views

What types of pawns are there in chess?

I’ve heard of a few types of of pawns in chess gameplay. These include passed pawns, thorn/fawn pawns, promoted pawns, and and en passant pawns. But that is all I can remember. What other kinds of ...
17
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1answer
2k views

Was the value of thorn pawns fully appreciated in decades past?

Many videos on YouTube channel "Kingscrusher" which discuss the play of new neural-net engines like Leela Chess Zero focus considerable attention upon the development of "thorn pawns" which are pawns ...
5
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1answer
182 views

Where does the phrase “Botvinnik moment” come from?

In his analysis of the first game in the 2018 world championship, Antonio Radić says that on move 9. ... b7-b6, Carlsen took six minutes to make a move that he probably already knew: And now ...
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3answers
5k views

How to describe two knights defending each other?

How to describe two knights defending each other? Linked knights? Doubled knights? In Chinese Chess, two 马 (horse/knight)s protecting one another is quite common, and there is a standard ...
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2answers
209 views

Does this rook endgame have a name or known original analyst?

The position is analyzed in many endgame works, but to my knowledge hasn't been given a name as other similar endgames (e.g. "Vancura's position") have. Two of the most authoritative works, Nunn (...
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3answers
215 views

Must chess studies be composed?

My question is on the definition of the term "study." If there is an interesting endgame position that occurs in a real game between two real players, and the position is later posed to somebody who ...
4
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1answer
103 views

What is the name of this mating pattern?

Recently I delivered the mate shown below. Does it have a name? [fen "1r5r/2p3pp/2R5/1pkPpp2/2b1P3/2K2P2/6PP/R7 w - - 0 1"]
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3answers
2k views

What term is used to describe the following situation?

A situation where the movement of the opponent's pieces gets more and more restricted as the attack develops. The opponent can't make moves easily without losing something.
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1answer
707 views

What kind of gun is Alekhine's gun?

This question is about chess linguistics. Alekhine's gun is the pattern where the queen is placed behind two rooks. Who came up with the phrase? Is it clear which kind of gun they had in mind? In ...
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3answers
2k views

What does “penned in” mean in Chess?

Bishops are worth more than knights except when they are penned in. What is meant by penned in? Does that mean that they are blocked by other pieces?
5
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1answer
158 views

Why is it called the Max Lange attack?

Why is it called the Max Lange attack and not simply the Lange attack? After all, we don't have openings called the Richard Reti opening or the Wilhelm Steinitz defense or the Frank Marshall attack. ...
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6answers
553 views

How to determine if a position is open or closed in a “rigorous” fashion?

I am creating a set of chess positions to be used [as a data set] for a project. It's based on supervised machine learning, but I need to have labeled data (see more italicized text below) before any ...
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1answer
1k views

Is there a name for non-pawn pieces? [duplicate]

I'm trying to describe chess to a person, and one of my sentences was: "Two rows, one with pawns and another with [non-pawns]" What would the collection of King, Queen, Bishops, Knights and Towers ...