Questions tagged [terminology]

Questions about the particular terminology used in chess

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2answers
877 views

Is there a term for an attack - similar to a pin or skewer - on pieces of equal value?

"Pin" and "skewer" are fairly common terms in chess: A pin is a situation where a piece cannot move without exposing a more valuable piece to attack. For example, the Ruy Lopez ...
10
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1answer
2k views

Term for checkmate where every participating piece attacks exactly one square around king

I am looking for the term for a checkmate position which is an aesthetic feature for a chess composition. It is closely related to pure mate. I shall say that a piece (incl. pawn) participates in the ...
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0answers
116 views

What does “control” mean in a chess problem?

When interpreting the instructions to a chess problem, is a piece automatically considered to "control" the square it's on, even if that square isn't threatened by any friendly piece, and an ...
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1answer
158 views

Abbreviations like 't', 'm', 'zt', 'sf' in chess databases

I am just cleaning up the Event and Site headers in the games in my chess database. There are a lot of abbreviations there. I am relatively sure about the following: of, qf, sf and f – octo final, ...
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2answers
4k views

What does “White is down a rook for a pawn” mean?

I am not a native English speaker and I'm learning to play online chess. I often find a sentence with this pattern. White is down a rook for a pawn. What does it mean? Could you elaborate on this ...
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4answers
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What is the name of this unconventional opening?

You start by moving the knight's pawn on either side to b3 or g3. Then you do the same on the other side. Ideally, you fianchetto the bishops into both triangle pawn formations. [FEN ""] 1....
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2answers
390 views

German chess composition glossary

I'm trying to look through some puzzles at http://www.wenigsteiner.de/, but there are some abbreviations I'm not familiar with that I'm having a hard time finding through Google; I guess they are ...
4
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1answer
232 views

Correct definitions of chess terms

We have been assigned a project of writing a simple chess evaluation engine. The engine doesn't play chess and doesn't calculate variations - it just performs a basic static evaluation of input ...
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4answers
3k views

What is meant by openings with lot of theory versus those with little or none?

I just started playing chess one week ago. I've done a bit of reading but can't find anything that explains what is meant by openings with a lot of theory versus ones with a little or no theory. Can ...
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4answers
3k views

Difference between chess puzzle and chess problem in this episode of The Queen's Gambit?

While a chess puzzle is any puzzle involving aspects of chess, a chess problem is an orthodox puzzle in which one must play and win or draw a game, starting with a certain composition of pieces on the ...
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4answers
374 views

Positions in which only a single long sequence of correct moves avoids forced checkmate sequences

So for n steps, one player can only choose one out of many moves, because all others lead to forced checkmate sequences. Only one path from the root to the leaves of the game tree avoids a certain ...
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0answers
47 views

Is there a term for the position where two knights support one another? [duplicate]

Is there a term for the position where two knights support one another? I thought I might have seen such a term somewhere, but now I can't find it.
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2answers
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Does “juicer” mean bishop?

I watch many videos of Hikaru Nakamura and I hear very often the term "juicer." Is it a slang word to refer to the bishop? Also, know the queen as a lady or girl.
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3answers
613 views

Pawn gambits “For The Win”

Possibly confirmation bias, but I often find a game I've won involved the loss (intentional or otherwise) of a pawn, which has opened up a file for rook attack, particularly on b/g files. Is there ...
4
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1answer
189 views

What is meant by the term “challenging” a move?

I was reading Tal-Botvinnik 1960 and came across a term I had not heard of before. Tal says in the book, in exact words, "Why doesn't black challenge the move a4". For context, this was ...
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4answers
598 views

How does b4 fix pawns in this endgame?

Here, it is said that after 1.Re7 Rb8 2.Kd3 a6, white plays b4 to fix the enemy pawns. But I don't understand: how does it fix pawns? How is b3 any different? What does it mean to fix enemy pawns?
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1answer
90 views

Where does the expression “checkmate” come from?

While watching The Queen's Gambit my partner asked me: why do they say "checkmate"? But she wanted to know what is the origin of this expression, not its meaning. And I realized I didn't ...
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3answers
2k views

What defines the name of a gambit?

What defines the name of a gambit? To be obvious, if someone were to use a gambit often (of their own theory), you would name that gambit after them or so, right (like the Ruy Lopez opening)? How then ...
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2answers
179 views

Why is the 'classical' Nimzo-Indian called the Noa variation?

I recently played 1. d4 Nf6 2. c4 e6 3. Nc3 Bb4 4. Qc2 d5, and it was coded as the Noa variation of the Nimzo-Indian. There was a Josef Noa of Hungary, who lived from, 1856-1903, but his recorded ...
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4answers
3k views

What is the meaning of “dead draw”?

I heard the term "dead draw" a lot, but I don't know its meaning and when a position is "dead draw".
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2answers
665 views

Bishop sacrifices to prevent castling

I have neen playing a higher amount of online chess as opposed to club chess lately and something I have noticed is a significant increase in Bishop sacrifices to prevent kingside castling. Here is ...
6
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1answer
766 views

Double Grob-Coca-cola Gambit?

I was using the opening explorer on Chess.com when I came upon the following line 1.g4 g5 2. f4 (Coca-cola gambit)!? How did this opening get its name? It sounds like Coca-cola walked up to Fide and ...
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5answers
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Is there a terminology for “the worst winning move”?

What do people call a move which maintains a winning position but is the worst among all such moves? For example, h8=N+ is such a move in the following game: [FEN "8/7P/6k1/8/8/8/B1K5/8 w - - 0 1&...
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1answer
85 views

Cocking the gun tactical motif (preparing a discovered attack)

There is a tactical motif I call "cocking the gun" which I have never seen explicitly mentioned. It happens when you prepare a discovered attack. See the following board. Is there an ...
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2answers
842 views

Is there any other notation system other than algebraic notation?

Other than the current coordinate notations used in chess, are there any other notations that anybody knows about? I am looking for anything that does not employ the coordinate system like naming all ...
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5answers
1k views

Is there a word to count one moving by one player?

Is there a word to count one moving by one player? For example, the following series of moves: e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 is counted as three moves. But if I want to denote "e4" as a unit ...
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1answer
151 views

How does Magnus create opportunities for his opponents to go wrong?

I have heard this statement many times, but I don't understand it. What does it mean exactly?
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4answers
860 views

What is perfect play?

What exactly is perfect play? Can there can be multiple perfect plays, which sounds quite contradictory? If perfect play is known for all openings then why would a player play anything other than that?...
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2answers
101 views

What are the rapid and blitz forms of chess?

I have no clue-I am a recreational player who wants to join FIDE tournaments.
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1answer
379 views

What is the correct name for a part of a chessboard: 'square' or 'cell'?

I play shogi (Japanese chess) and there is a word "マス" to call a cell of a square lattice not only used in shogi and chess. As far as I have read the article about chess in Wikipedia, it seems that "...
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12answers
3k views

What is the English maxim for “Rather losing a material / piece, than losing a tempo / an initiative”?

Chess, Xiangqi (Chinese Chess) and Go all highly value the tempo/initiative. The Chinese saying "宁失一子,不失一先" literally means It is better to lose material/piece, than a tempo/initiative. (宁=...
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3answers
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Help needed to find a Swedish opening

It appears that openings are named after almost any country or city in the world. Spanish opening, Italian game, French defense, Hungarian gambit, London system and so on. Because I am from Sweden I ...
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2answers
88 views

Identifying “big pawn” bishops

I use to trade my bishop pairs for opponent’s knight pair most of the time. But since my recent peak of interest in the game, I have been doing studying and learning. Thus, the bishop is one of my ...
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1answer
242 views

What is this formation called?

I recently came across this formation at random. I vaguely remember reading about it around a decade ago. I want to know if this is a known play. [FEN "8/8/8/8/8/2NPPN2/PPPBBPPP/2RQKR2 w - - 0 1&...
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2answers
729 views

What is the definition of an “outpost”?

The Wikipedia definition of an "outpost" is this: “A position on the chess board where a knight is defended by a pawn from its same side.” Does it have to be a knight?
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1answer
214 views

What is the “Gufeld Bishop”?

I have another question I am going to ask and answer. The other day, I was watching a chess24 video, and GM Jan Gustafsson mentioned the “Gufeld Bishop”. What is the “Gufeld Bishop”?
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1answer
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What is a “tornado” in chess?

I am going to ask and answer this question since I played in one for the first time in almost 40 years yesterday, and because I find it surprising that no one has asked this previously. So, "what is ...
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4answers
3k views

What is it called when opposite colored pawns up against each other?

When a white pawn and a black pawn are touching on a file, what is it called?
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4answers
454 views

Why is it called a draw?

There's no information as to why it's called a draw. Some of my students start to take out a pencil and paper and literally draw in the middle of the game. Why is it called a draw?
8
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1answer
3k views

What do DTM, DTZ, DTC, DTR, DTZ50, and DTZR mean?

I need help clarifying the abbreviations and acronyms used in endgame tablebases. Just what do DTM, DTZ, DTC, DTR, DTZ50, DTZR mean?
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2answers
397 views

Question on chess commentary in written form

I'm new to English chess notation and have never read or heard chess commentary in a broadcast or publication form. I'm trying to decipher the following commentary ICGA's footnote to caption: ACM CCC,...
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1answer
78 views

What is the 'combustion point' of a game? This was in an upvoted answer

Saw an answer and it had been upvoted. Person answering had a large rep on stack. The term used that was not explained is: 'Combustion Point' (of a game) My question is just what does 'combustion ...
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6answers
5k views

How is “fianchetto” really pronounced?

I have heard "fianchetto" for four decades now, and I have always pronounced it "fēənˈCHetō", but I have heard many people also pronounce it "fēənˈketō". It is of Italian origin, so I am wondering if ...
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2answers
702 views

Term for sacrifice that causes opponent to block an escape square?

A decoy or deflection typically lure an opponent's piece away from a square. What is it called when you sacrifice in order to lure/force an opponent to a certain square in order to prevent another ...
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5answers
4k views

What does it mean to play “positionally”, and how do you train that?

I often hear this term thrown around when people are analyzing chess, but I don't really know what it means. I assume it's a generic term that means to play defensively, or to set up for the future. ...
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2answers
58k views

What is the Bongcloud opening?

I have heard the Bongcloud opening mentioned on chess.com, but I have never heard of that. Is this a real opening, and if so, what is it?
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2answers
627 views

What is “Chronological Order” in chess?

I have heard about "chronological order" in chess. But I don't know what it is exactly. Can someone tell me what this is?
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1answer
173 views

Does the pawn's initial double square move have a special name?

Does the pawn's initial double square move have a special name, akin to how special capturing move that the pawn has is called en passant?
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1answer
4k views

How did the Fried Liver Attack get its name?

Many chess openings get their name from a player who invented it and/or played it and/or documented it. Place names are also frequently used, denoting where an opening was first played or became ...
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1answer
179 views

Is there a name attributed to this type of checkmate pattern?

I was going over an old lichess.com game when I realized that the checkmating pattern seemed familiar. [FEN "5rk1/p4pp1/1p5p/2p4Q/2P3R1/P4q2/6RP/4r2K w - - 0 1"] Here it is boiled down, ...