Questions tagged [ruy-lopez]

The Ruy Lopez (or Spanish Game) is the chess opening which begins with the moves 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5.

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33
votes
5answers
14k views

Why is the Ruy Lopez such a common opening?

The Ruy Lopez opening is characterized by the moves: [fen ""] 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 Why is this opening so popular? It does not appear to be particularly special/unique for white or black, so ...
30
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3answers
5k views

Why is the Ruy Lopez a sensible opening for white?

As an amateur, I prefer the Scotch game as opposed to Ruy Lopez, since I feel that White loses tempo and Black seems to gain tempo with queenside counterplay in the main line. [title "Ruy Lopez"] [...
27
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3answers
3k views

Why always 4...dxc6 and not 4...bxc6 in the Ruy Lopez Exchange?

[FEN "r1bqkbnr/1ppp1ppp/p1B5/4p3/4P3/5N2/PPPP1PPP/RNBQK2R b - - 0 1"] In the Ruy Lopez Exchange, black always takes back the bishop with 4...dxc6. In Timothy Taylor's 2011 book Slay the Spanish, he ...
10
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7answers
5k views

What is the purpose of 3...a6 in the Ruy Lopez?

It doesn't kick the bishop off that diagonal, and playing ...b5 later puts the bishop on another great diagonal and is supposedly bad for black (an explanation of this would be great too). So why is 3....
10
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4answers
701 views

Advance of d4 in the Ruy Lopez

I was White in this position, and Black had just played f6. [FEN "r1bqkb1r/ppppn1pp/2n2p2/1B2p3/4P3/5N2/PPPP1PPP/RNBQ1RK1 w kq - 0 1"] I played c3 to prepare a push of d4 and strike the center. ...
10
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3answers
3k views

What is the best defense against Marshall Attack?

I have usually found the Marshall Attack in the Ruy Lopez to be very potent and very hard to counter. [fen ""] 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 Nf6 5. O-O Be7 6. Re1 b5 7. Bb3 O-O 8. c3 d5 Are ...
10
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2answers
1k views

Finding a plan in the Archangels Spanish when white plays Be3 to exchange the dark-squared bishop

Black to play and find a plan: [FEN ""] [StartFlipped "1"] [StartPly "25"] 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 Nf6 5. O-O b5 6. Bb3 Bc5 7. c3 d6 8. h3 O-O 9. Qe2 Bb7 10. d3 Ne7 11. Be3 Bxe3 12. ...
10
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2answers
518 views

Did it make sense for Lasker to play the Exchange variation of the Ruy Lopez in 1914?

In 1914, world champion Emanuel Lasker was trailing future world champion J.R. Capablanca in a tournament, meaning that he needed to win, not just draw, against Capablanca. He played the exchange ...
9
votes
1answer
816 views

Why is the move 4.Nc3 rare in Bird's defence?

After: [FEN ""] 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 Nd4 4. Nc3 it looks like white is leading in development at the moment.
8
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3answers
425 views

White's Response to the Norwegian Defense

In the Norwegian Defense of the Ruy Lopez [FEN ""] 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 b5 5. Bb3 Na5 6. O-O (6. d4 exd4 7. Nxd4 c5? 8. Bd5!) Neil MacDonald suggests 6. O-O as a response. Why isn't ...
8
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1answer
508 views

Why is 5...Be7 played before ...b5 in the main line of the Closed Ruy Lopez?

Here is what I've seen described as the main line of the Closed Ruy Lopez up to move 7: [fen ""] 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 Nf6 5. O-O Be7 (5... b5 6. Bb3 Be7 7. Re1 d6) 6. Re1 b5 7. Bb3 ...
7
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6answers
3k views

Why did the Berlin Defense of the Ruy Lopez disappear from the play of World Champions before Kramnik revived it?

The Berlin defense of the Ruy Lopez was played by the likes of Steinitz and Lasker. [FEN ""] 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 Nf6 However, it soon disappeared out of the play of World Champions and they ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

Should I play the Cozio defense deferred?

The Cozio defense to the Ruy Lopez: [FEN ""] 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 Nge7 4. O-O The Cozio defense deferred: [FEN ""] 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 Nge7 The deferred variation speaks ...
7
votes
3answers
193 views

Is it a good habit for an amateur to always try to play the best move (according to his best calculation and knowledge)?

Is it a good habit for an amateur to always try to play the best move (according to his best calculation), instead of sometimes purporsely play an inferior move hoping that his opponent does not know ...
6
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2answers
245 views

Firouzja vs Kovalev: what went wrong for black in the opening?

In the first round of the ongoing Wijk aan zee Masters tournament, Firouzja won vs Kovalev. Apparently, right out of the opening white had gained a winning edge. In particular, somewhere around 16......
6
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2answers
291 views

In the Schliemann defense, who does Schliemann refer to?

The Schliemann's Defence or Schliemann–Jaenisch Gambit refers to the moves 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 f5. f5 is of course a gambit move by black typically known as the Jaenisch Gambit when white ...
6
votes
1answer
424 views

Open Ruy Lopez for Black

Why there are no good videos on Open Ruy Lopez for Black? Is the variation too bad for Black? There are lots of videos from the White side, but I did not find any good videos from the black side; why ...
6
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2answers
6k views

Is the Spanish opening better than the Italian opening (for white)?

I am currently playing the Italian opening with the white pieces. [FEN ""] 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 I have been training with a higher rating player, who suggests to switch to the Spanish ...
5
votes
2answers
4k views

Why, or how, can GMs make mistakes in opening books?

In the following position, McDonald states that 14. d4! is the move that gives a large advantage to White. r1bqr1k1/2p2pp1/pbn4p/1p1np3/P7/1BPP1N2/1P3PPP/R1BQRNK1 w - - 0 14 However, 14. axb5 wins ...
5
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3answers
3k views

Berlin Defence or Petroff? [closed]

Which one is the better drawing weapon? Which one is harder to beat? Which one is more solid? Which opening should black pick if he/she doesn't want to lose? If black needs a draw in the last ...
5
votes
4answers
774 views

Has anyone had positive results using the Ruy Lopez Norwegian variation nightingale gambit?

There is a variation of the Ruy lopez that I have recently played and made two sacrifices and ended up with a very good game, and I wanted to know if anyone else could or have tried it? Here is the ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Why is 5.c3 the most common move in the Ruy Lopez, Berlin defence, Beverwijk variation?

Disclaimer: I'm a very, very green player. After the first 4 moves, all of which seem natural given my understanding of basic opening principles (control the center, develop your knights, etc.), I ...
5
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2answers
3k views

Why is the Cozio defense in the Ruy Lopez not played more often and what's white's best try to defeat it?

The Cozio defense arises after these moves: [FEN ""] 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Nge7 At first, this looks like just another dubious opening, but I found it surprisingly hard to prove an advantage with ...
5
votes
2answers
377 views

Why did Kasparov avoid the Marshall Attack?(With White)

I read that during Kasparov's long chess career he always avoided the Marshall attack with Anti-Marshalls (h3 and a4). This seems very counter-intuitive to me since the positions that arise from the ...
5
votes
2answers
292 views

Jaenisch/Schliemann Gambit

Is the Jaenisch/Schliemann Gambit being played or it has become out of fashion? PS: I am a club player (FIDE ~1800) and occasionally use it to success.
4
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4answers
797 views

How to realize this +2 evaluation in the Ruy Lopez, Steinitz defense

I played a game as White using the Ruy Lopez: Steinitz defense against a lower-rated player (1594 vs. 1500 on chess.com). While I won the game due to a blunder by my opponent in a drawn endgame, the ...
4
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4answers
1k views

About how to respond to this atypical black defense in the Ruy Lopez

I've recently begun studying openings, and I've been practicing the Ruy Lopez. I played a game that began as follows. [FEN ""] 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 d5 4. O-O dxe4 5. Nxe5 Qd5 6. Bxc6+ bxc6 7. ...
4
votes
6answers
12k views

How do I increase my chances to win as black in the Ruy Lopez?

The Ruy Lopez is one of the most difficult lines for me to play against. I just can't hold my position when I play as black. If I move 3... Nd4, I always get a draw at best, and usually take a loss. ...
4
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2answers
689 views

Ruy Lopez Open Variation

[FEN ""] 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 Nf6 5. O-O Nxe4 Why is 6. Re1 not played, prefer players 6. d4 only? Please answer with explanation and variations so that it could help all players.
4
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2answers
1k views

Good books to learn the Ruy Lopez with

I have a very poor repertoire; with White I only play d4, and though I'm quite familiarized with the possibilities on this opening move, I'm lost regarding 1. e4. Trying to gain flexibility, I want ...
4
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2answers
562 views

What are White's main ideas in the exchange variation of the Ruy Lopez?

I was wondering what are the main ideas for white in the exchange variation, Ruy Lopez opening. [fen "r1bqkbnr/1pp2ppp/p1p5/4p3/4P3/5N2/PPPP1PPP/RNBQK2R w KQkq - 0 5"] Thank you.
4
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1answer
424 views

Ruy Lopez 3...a6 & 6...Bc5 setup - a4 vs c3+d4 idea for White?

Here's the position after 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O b5 6.Bb3 Bc5 [StartPly "12"] [FEN ""] 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O b5 6.Bb3 Bc5 There are 2 main ...
4
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1answer
340 views

What are some ideas for black in the Ruy Lopez when white plays an early d3?

If white plays an early d3 in the Ruy Lopez (presumably after c3 to give the light-squared bishop a retreat square) what are some ideas for black? I'm talking about those lines where white doesn't ...
3
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4answers
678 views

Is this knight sacrifice a good idea?

I often play the following variation with black when I play blitz. Somehow it refuses the known lines of the Spanish. It looks like that black is going to be destroyed but almost always I win when I ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Yes or no: should a 'reverse' Ruy Lopez be played as black?

I'm currently learning the Ruy Lopez opening and typical defences. But every single example I've seen, it is played as white. Is there any reason why you cannot or shouldn't play Ruy Lopez as black, ...
3
votes
4answers
463 views

Studying beyond the opening?

I was watching the following video on the Ruy Lopez (Spanish Game) - Variations with 3...a6. The video is almost 1.5 hours and it pretty much goes through all variations with 3...a6. As I was going ...
3
votes
3answers
664 views

Is this a legitimate defence to Ruy Lopez openings?

When I play the Ruy Lopez opening, I usually get my bishop chased all the way down to the second rank by two pawns. I don't know if this is common at higher levels of play but it seems like a ...
3
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2answers
2k views

What is the long-term idea of the Ruy-Lopez opening?

I have studied the London opening system on lichess.org. What really clicked with me are the systems two main ideas: (1) develop a defensive structure which (2) allows you to crash black's kingside ...
3
votes
4answers
960 views

Better opening than Ruy Lopez Exchange? [closed]

I currently use the Ruy Lopez Exchange (1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Bxc6). Is there a simpler and/or better opening to use instead?
3
votes
1answer
287 views

What are Black's plans in this position from the Breyer defence?

I'm considering taking up the Breyer defence to the Ruy Lopez as Black and played an internet game which went [StartPly "29"] [White "White"] [Black "Black"] [FEN ""] 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. ...
3
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2answers
994 views

Resources on the Ruy Lopez for White - why so few?

The Ruy Lopez is one of the most popular chess openings for both sides after 1.e4, and despite this I feel like there are few good detailed resources for players of the white side wishing to play the ...
3
votes
1answer
112 views

Pawn Structure Change in the Pirc - dxe5 or Nxe5?

As black I reached this position in a recent game [White "Somebody"] [Black "Ian Bush"] [Result "*"] [ECO "B07"] [FEN ""] [StartPly "23"] 1.e4 d6 2.d4 Nf6 3.Nc3 g6 4.Be3 c6 5.f3 b5 6.a3 Nbd7 7.Bd3 ...
3
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2answers
112 views

Looking for analysis or games of top players in less known, perhaps a bit dubious but aggressive lines in the Ruy Lopez from Black's point of view

When my opponent plays 1. e4 I reply with 1... e5. When the game shifts to Ruy Lopez after 2. Nf3 and 3. Bb5 I respond 3... f5. Although this opening is to my taste, I am not reluctant to learn more ...
3
votes
2answers
790 views

Repertoire book on the Ruy Lopez exchange variation?

[FEN ""] 1.e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4.Bxc6 Is there a good opening repertoire book for White advocating the Ruy Lopez exchange variation?
3
votes
1answer
378 views

In the Berlin Defense(ruy lopez), why has the Ne7 Ng6 plan gone out of fashion?

It seems that after 9. h3 or 9. Nc3, black usually plays Ke8, Bd7, h6, and sometimes Ne7. My question is: why isn't 9... Ne7 played more often, with the plan of putting the Knight on g6? Situation: [...
2
votes
3answers
377 views

Ruy Lopez, Exchange Variation

[FEN ""] 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Bxc6 dxc6 5. Nc3 f6 Theory recommends 5. ... f6. Why? What is the specific reason behind this move? How this move helps Black? Other than 5. ... f6, are ...
2
votes
1answer
798 views

What's the problem with 5. Nxe5 in Spanish Exchange?

Spanish exchange: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ruy_Lopez,_Exchange_Variation Using the image in the Wiki page, after 4 ... dxc6, why can't white just respond by Nxe5, thereby gaining advantage by ...
2
votes
1answer
106 views

How do I keep my bishop pair in this Ruy Lopez line?

I am learning Ruy Lopez. And I always play Ruy Lopez opening while I am playing with the white pieces. I recently played the game with Ruy-Lopez and my moves are [FEN ""] [StartPly "10"] 1.e4 e5 2....
2
votes
3answers
443 views

When to (and when not to) play Bxc6 (i.e. BxN) as White in Ruy Lopez?

Inspired by this question: when should one play Bxc6, capturing the Knight, in Ruy Lopez? Related, but hopefully not a duplicate: this question, but it focusses on why Bxc6 isn't a popular move, while ...
2
votes
2answers
497 views

In the Berlin Defence, why is 4.0-0 prefered to 4.Nc3?

In the Berlin Defence, why is 4.0-0 preferred to 4.Nc3, as then White can transition into the four knights?