Questions tagged [ruy-lopez]

The Ruy Lopez (or Spanish Game) is the chess opening which begins with the moves 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5.

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Are there any books you'd recommend for understanding how to play the Ruy Lopez Exchange Variation as White? [duplicate]

I get the basic idea, but I am wondering if there are any books that really highlight how to play this opening well.
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3 votes
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d3 lines of Ruy Lopez vs. Italian

I haven't played the Ruy Lopez at all but I am curious about how it compares to the Italian. I've heard that one reason the Ruy is supposedly better is because White has an easier time playing d4 in ...
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Attacking the Spanish Opening

I'm studying the Spanish opening by developing some possible attacks against it and seeing how it could resist those attacks. In the below position, White has moved the light-squared bishop from f1 to ...
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6 votes
1 answer
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Why should Black capture with different pawns in these similar Spanish game variations?

As a general “rule”, I have read that pawn captures toward the center should be preferred. I have found 2 different positions which look similar but the best way for Black to recapture with the pawn ...
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Why is 4…Bb4 an inaccuracy in the Berlin Defense?

[FEN "rnbqkbnr/pppppppp/8/8/8/8/PPPPPPPP/RNBQKBNR"] [Title "Berlin Defense"] [StartFlipped "1"] 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 Nf6 4. O-O Bb4?! When White castles, ...
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8 votes
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Why did Karpov choose this knight placement over the normal Ruy Lopez knight manoeuvre?

I was studying some Karpov games and I came across a knight manoeuvre that I hadn't seen before in the Ruy Lopez, shown in the below game (moves 15,16...): [Event "Milan"] [FEN ""] ...
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  • 960
11 votes
3 answers
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Ruy Lopez - why does Black not take e4?

In the following Ruy Lopez opening; [FEN ""] 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 (5... Nxe4) Now the question, instead of Be7 why does Black not play Nxe4 as e4 is not defended? ...
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How to realize this +2 evaluation in the Ruy Lopez, Steinitz defense

I played a game as White using the Ruy Lopez: Steinitz defense against a lower-rated player (1594 vs. 1500 on chess.com). While I won the game due to a blunder by my opponent in a drawn endgame, the ...
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2 votes
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What is the point of playing the 5.d3 (or 6.d3) Ruy Lopez, when White can play Giuoco Piano (or Modern Italian)?

As title above, what is the point of playing the 5.d3 (or 6.d3) Ruy Lopez, when White can play Giuoco Piano (or Modern Italian)? In other words, why play 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.d3 (or ...
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Unusual sequence of opening moves in the Open Ruy Lopez with 6.d4 Be7

As title above,could someone kindly explain the tactical highlights of the rather unusual sequence of moves arising with the recent interpretation of the Open Ruy Lopez with 6.d4 Be7? [FEN ""...
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Bird's Defense Deferred

In the Bird's Defense Deferred in the Ruy Lopez(1.e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 Nd4), why can't White take the e5-pawn?
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2 votes
1 answer
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How should one play as Black vs. the Ruy Lopez Exchange Variation?

As the title above states, how should one play as Black vs. the Ruy Lopez Exchange Variation? In other words, after ` [FEN ""] 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Bxc6 dxc6 (The Exchange ...
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3 votes
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Looking for analysis or games of top players in less known, perhaps a bit dubious but aggressive lines in the Ruy Lopez from Black's point of view

When my opponent plays 1. e4 I reply with 1... e5. When the game shifts to Ruy Lopez after 2. Nf3 and 3. Bb5 I respond 3... f5. Although this opening is to my taste, I am not reluctant to learn more ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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How do I keep my bishop pair in this Ruy Lopez line?

I am learning Ruy Lopez. And I always play Ruy Lopez opening while I am playing with the white pieces. I recently played the game with Ruy-Lopez and my moves are [FEN ""] [StartPly "10"] 1.e4 e5 2....
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4 votes
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Good books to learn the Ruy Lopez with

I have a very poor repertoire; with White I only play d4, and though I'm quite familiarized with the possibilities on this opening move, I'm lost regarding 1. e4. Trying to gain flexibility, I want ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Pawn Structure Change in the Pirc - dxe5 or Nxe5?

As black I reached this position in a recent game [White "Somebody"] [Black "Ian Bush"] [Result "*"] [ECO "B07"] [FEN ""] [StartPly "23"] 1.e4 d6 2.d4 Nf6 3.Nc3 g6 4.Be3 c6 5.f3 b5 6.a3 Nbd7 7.Bd3 ...
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6 votes
2 answers
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Why is the Cozio defense in the Ruy Lopez not played more often and what's white's best try to defeat it?

The Cozio defense arises after these moves: [FEN ""] 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Nge7 At first, this looks like just another dubious opening, but I found it surprisingly hard to prove an advantage with ...
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10 votes
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Finding a plan in the Archangels Spanish when white plays Be3 to exchange the dark-squared bishop

Black to play and find a plan: [FEN ""] [StartFlipped "1"] [StartPly "25"] 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 Nf6 5. O-O b5 6. Bb3 Bc5 7. c3 d6 8. h3 O-O 9. Qe2 Bb7 10. d3 Ne7 11. Be3 Bxe3 12. ...
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5 votes
2 answers
511 views

Why did Kasparov avoid the Marshall Attack?(With White)

I read that during Kasparov's long chess career he always avoided the Marshall attack with Anti-Marshalls (h3 and a4). This seems very counter-intuitive to me since the positions that arise from the ...
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6 votes
2 answers
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Firouzja vs Kovalev: what went wrong for black in the opening?

In the first round of the ongoing Wijk aan zee Masters tournament, Firouzja won vs Kovalev. Apparently, right out of the opening white had gained a winning edge. In particular, somewhere around 16......
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7 votes
3 answers
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Is it a good habit for an amateur to always try to play the best move (according to his best calculation and knowledge)?

Is it a good habit for an amateur to always try to play the best move (according to his best calculation), instead of sometimes purporsely play an inferior move hoping that his opponent does not know ...
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10 votes
4 answers
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Advance of d4 in the Ruy Lopez

I was White in this position, and Black had just played f6. [FEN "r1bqkb1r/ppppn1pp/2n2p2/1B2p3/4P3/5N2/PPPP1PPP/RNBQ1RK1 w kq - 0 1"] I played c3 to prepare a push of d4 and strike the center. ...
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2 votes
3 answers
396 views

Ruy Lopez, Exchange Variation

[FEN ""] 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Bxc6 dxc6 5. Nc3 f6 Theory recommends 5. ... f6. Why? What is the specific reason behind this move? How this move helps Black? Other than 5. ... f6, are ...
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28 votes
3 answers
3k views

Why always 4...dxc6 and not 4...bxc6 in the Ruy Lopez Exchange?

[FEN "r1bqkbnr/1ppp1ppp/p1B5/4p3/4P3/5N2/PPPP1PPP/RNBQK2R b - - 0 1"] In the Ruy Lopez Exchange, black always takes back the bishop with 4...dxc6. In Timothy Taylor's 2011 book Slay the Spanish, he ...
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4 votes
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What are some ideas for black in the Ruy Lopez when white plays an early d3?

If white plays an early d3 in the Ruy Lopez (presumably after c3 to give the light-squared bishop a retreat square) what are some ideas for black? I'm talking about those lines where white doesn't ...
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2 votes
2 answers
546 views

In the Berlin Defence, why is 4.0-0 prefered to 4.Nc3?

In the Berlin Defence, why is 4.0-0 preferred to 4.Nc3, as then White can transition into the four knights?
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1 answer
226 views

What would you suggest I play vs. the Ruy Lopez, if I already play the Two Knights Defense vs. 3. Bc4?

I play the Two Knighs Defense as Black vs. 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4, in the spirit of counterattack. What would you suggest I play as Black vs. the Ruy Lopez?
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31 votes
3 answers
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Why is the Ruy Lopez a sensible opening for white?

As an amateur, I prefer the Scotch game as opposed to Ruy Lopez, since I feel that White loses tempo and Black seems to gain tempo with queenside counterplay in the main line. [title "Ruy Lopez"] [...
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8 votes
1 answer
535 views

Why is 5...Be7 played before ...b5 in the main line of the Closed Ruy Lopez?

Here is what I've seen described as the main line of the Closed Ruy Lopez up to move 7: [fen ""] 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 Nf6 5. O-O Be7 (5... b5 6. Bb3 Be7 7. Re1 d6) 6. Re1 b5 7. Bb3 ...
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3 votes
4 answers
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Is this knight sacrifice a good idea?

I often play the following variation with black when I play blitz. Somehow it refuses the known lines of the Spanish. It looks like that black is going to be destroyed but almost always I win when I ...
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3 votes
2 answers
2k views

What is the long-term idea of the Ruy-Lopez opening?

I have studied the London opening system on lichess.org. What really clicked with me are the systems two main ideas: (1) develop a defensive structure which (2) allows you to crash black's kingside ...
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5 votes
4 answers
862 views

Has anyone had positive results using the Ruy Lopez Norwegian variation nightingale gambit?

There is a variation of the Ruy lopez that I have recently played and made two sacrifices and ended up with a very good game, and I wanted to know if anyone else could or have tried it? Here is the ...
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5 votes
2 answers
985 views

How do you deal with the pinned knight on f3 in the Ruy Lopez (as white)?

I find myself in positions like this a lot when playing the Ruy Lopez: [fen ""] 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 d6 4. O-O Bg4 If I try to kick the bishop out with 5. h3, they back up to h5 and I'm in ...
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  • 1,097
2 votes
3 answers
482 views

When to (and when not to) play Bxc6 (i.e. BxN) as White in Ruy Lopez?

Inspired by this question: when should one play Bxc6, capturing the Knight, in Ruy Lopez? Related, but hopefully not a duplicate: this question, but it focusses on why Bxc6 isn't a popular move, while ...
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5 votes
2 answers
313 views

Jaenisch/Schliemann Gambit

Is the Jaenisch/Schliemann Gambit being played or it has become out of fashion? PS: I am a club player (FIDE ~1800) and occasionally use it to success.
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6 votes
2 answers
308 views

In the Schliemann defense, who does Schliemann refer to?

The Schliemann's Defence or Schliemann–Jaenisch Gambit refers to the moves 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 f5. f5 is of course a gambit move by black typically known as the Jaenisch Gambit when white ...
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5 votes
2 answers
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Why, or how, can GMs make mistakes in opening books?

In the following position, McDonald states that 14. d4! is the move that gives a large advantage to White. r1bqr1k1/2p2pp1/pbn4p/1p1np3/P7/1BPP1N2/1P3PPP/R1BQRNK1 w - - 0 14 However, 14. axb5 wins ...
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8 votes
3 answers
439 views

White's Response to the Norwegian Defense

In the Norwegian Defense of the Ruy Lopez [FEN ""] 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 b5 5. Bb3 Na5 6. O-O (6. d4 exd4 7. Nxd4 c5? 8. Bd5!) Neil MacDonald suggests 6. O-O as a response. Why isn't ...
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4 votes
1 answer
450 views

Ruy Lopez 3...a6 & 6...Bc5 setup - a4 vs c3+d4 idea for White?

Here's the position after 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O b5 6.Bb3 Bc5 [StartPly "12"] [FEN ""] 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O b5 6.Bb3 Bc5 There are 2 main ...
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  • 247
1 vote
2 answers
555 views

Looking for a repertoire book on the Spanish with 5.d3 (4.d3 vs the Berlin)?

Does anyone know of a good (or not so) repertoire book on the Spanish with 5.d3 vs the main line and 4.d3 vs the Berlin? Is there such a thing on the market? I've already got Andrew Martin's DVD The ...
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3 votes
2 answers
1k views

Resources on the Ruy Lopez for White - why so few?

The Ruy Lopez is one of the most popular chess openings for both sides after 1.e4, and despite this I feel like there are few good detailed resources for players of the white side wishing to play the ...
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5 votes
2 answers
1k views

Why is 5.c3 the most common move in the Ruy Lopez, Berlin defence, Beverwijk variation?

Disclaimer: I'm a very, very green player. After the first 4 moves, all of which seem natural given my understanding of basic opening principles (control the center, develop your knights, etc.), I ...
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3 votes
4 answers
986 views

Better opening than Ruy Lopez Exchange? [closed]

I currently use the Ruy Lopez Exchange (1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Bxc6). Is there a simpler and/or better opening to use instead?
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4 votes
2 answers
699 views

Ruy Lopez Open Variation

[FEN ""] 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 Nf6 5. O-O Nxe4 Why is 6. Re1 not played, prefer players 6. d4 only? Please answer with explanation and variations so that it could help all players.
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10 votes
3 answers
585 views

Did it make sense for Lasker to play the Exchange variation of the Ruy Lopez in 1914?

In 1914, world champion Emanuel Lasker was trailing future world champion J.R. Capablanca in a tournament, meaning that he needed to win, not just draw, against Capablanca. He played the exchange ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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Best resources to learn the Chigorin variation of the Ruy Lopez for both colors?

I faced this opening 3 times recently in a tournament, and only scored 1 win and 2 losses. I would like to know: what are the best books or DVDs that cover the Chigorin variation of the Ruy Lopez?
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  • 921
4 votes
4 answers
1k views

About how to respond to this atypical black defense in the Ruy Lopez

I've recently begun studying openings, and I've been practicing the Ruy Lopez. I played a game that began as follows. [FEN ""] 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 d5 4. O-O dxe4 5. Nxe5 Qd5 6. Bxc6+ bxc6 7. ...
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  • 221
4 votes
2 answers
851 views

Repertoire book on the Ruy Lopez exchange variation?

[FEN ""] 1.e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4.Bxc6 Is there a good opening repertoire book for White advocating the Ruy Lopez exchange variation?
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3 votes
3 answers
717 views

Is this a legitimate defence to Ruy Lopez openings?

When I play the Ruy Lopez opening, I usually get my bishop chased all the way down to the second rank by two pawns. I don't know if this is common at higher levels of play but it seems like a ...
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  • 169
3 votes
1 answer
290 views

What are Black's plans in this position from the Breyer defence?

I'm considering taking up the Breyer defence to the Ruy Lopez as Black and played an internet game which went [StartPly "29"] [White "White"] [Black "Black"] [FEN ""] 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. ...
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