Questions tagged [pieces]

Questions relating to the chess pieces in a general, abstract sense; questions about physical pieces (e.g. identification questions) should be tagged [chess-set] instead.

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43 votes
17 answers
191k views

How many points is each chess piece worth?

I am a beginner at chess; please answer this question for me. How many points is each chess piece worth?
Jethik's user avatar
  • 653
37 votes
2 answers
3k views

Do strong players move their pieces with different relative frequencies than weak players?

This question is an offshoot of Ramon Snir's earlier one about how often different types of pieces get moved, on average, in a game of chess. My question: Do the relative numbers of moves for the ...
ETD's user avatar
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31 votes
4 answers
6k views

Why does Stockfish undervalue pawns when compared to the classical "a piece is worth three pawns" approach?

I was taking a look at values engines give to pawns and piece and was quite shocked by Stockfish values for middlegame (Mg): PawnValueMg = 128 KnightValueMg = 721 ~ 5.6 pawns BishopValueMg = 825 ~ ...
emdio's user avatar
  • 2,114
31 votes
1 answer
7k views

Can all 64 squares be attacked or defended by the eight pieces?

Can you place the eight (non-pawn) pieces of one color on an otherwise empty chess board, such that every square (including the squares that pieces are on), is attacked / defended? This is a problem ...
Timmy's user avatar
  • 411
31 votes
3 answers
6k views

Should a player be forced to move a piece that he has picked up after a spectator knocked it off the board?

While anyone can answer this, I do have official FIDE arbiters in mind. I am following a discussion on chess.com about the worst way you have lost a game. Someone related this story: This didn't ...
PhishMaster's user avatar
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25 votes
3 answers
8k views

Is there an origin or story of where the pieces that make a chess game got their name from?

I understand why there would be a king and queen but I would love to know where the idea to call pieces what they are - such as the Rook, Knight, Bishop and Pawn - came from. Is there any background ...
ThunderToes's user avatar
24 votes
7 answers
3k views

How to determine the value of a piece from scratch?

Assume we have a standard chess set setup, but we make a slight change so that (for example) pawns can now move two squares forward on any move rather than just on their initial move. Even assuming ...
DTR's user avatar
  • 3,129
21 votes
3 answers
9k views

What are "full piece" and "half piece" in chess?

I'm reading Kasparov's Deep Thinking and I came across this sentence: In one computer championship, a machine blundered a full piece early in the game but its opponent declined to capture it. When I ...
Dennis's user avatar
  • 389
20 votes
2 answers
6k views

Do any grandmasters win more with black than white?

Some statistics indicate white scores 52-56% - but I wonder if that differs according to playing style - e.g. perhaps strong defenders prefer the black pieces. Do any former/current grandmasters have ...
stevec's user avatar
  • 2,087
19 votes
11 answers
10k views

Why are rooks better than knights?

Generally, rooks are considered to be much better than knights. Why is that? Is it a myth or are they really better? Are there situations where a knights may be better that a rook? I usually think ...
MozenRath's user avatar
  • 805
19 votes
5 answers
14k views

What is right way to set up King & Queen In the beginning of game?

I know this is very basic question, but I just started playing and want to know. How do you set up king and queen the right way? Heading I generally get confused between the King and Queen and what ...
jeanstevens's user avatar
19 votes
2 answers
3k views

What should a player do in blitz if he knocks a piece on to the floor after pressing the clock?

This question is prompted by an incident in today's World Blitz championship in Moscow as described and shown in this tweet. What happened was that Nakamura made a move, pressed the clock, on the way ...
Brian Towers's user avatar
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18 votes
5 answers
7k views

Are pawns pieces? [duplicate]

I thought I heard somewhere that pawns are not pieces but just called pawns. Then, I heard from some other places that they are. I think they are but what is the exact definition of a pawn?
Andrew May's user avatar
18 votes
5 answers
16k views

Chess set icons

I am looking for an examples of a free chess set icons. It would be nice if the place allow to download them, but this is not really important, as I will still need to redraw them in svg format. Just ...
Salvador Dali's user avatar
18 votes
4 answers
11k views

Pressing the clock using the same hand you use to move the pieces

I participated in a club and went to training. The guy who played against me is right-handed, so he placed the clock on the right. I'm left-handed, so I play with the left hand and press the clock ...
Lynob's user avatar
  • 5,774
18 votes
3 answers
6k views

Was there a chess piece—elephant, knight or rook—rendered as a being looking into two directions?

I have found a chess set of unknown origin with ducks as pieces. Simple ducks for pawns, king and queen crowned and big, okay, but then, for rook, knight and bishop, I don't know. There is a duck ...
Pattmann's user avatar
  • 217
17 votes
4 answers
8k views

Is it legal to take a piece to the bathroom during a tournament?

If a player grabs a piece to move it, and before placing it in its new position, the player gets second thoughts about the best position for the piece, and so they decide to think a little bit more. ...
piece_lover's user avatar
14 votes
2 answers
3k views

Piece movement statistics

I have wondered about piece movement statistics, for example: How many times is a piece moved in average (in general, but also per-piece, as I'm guessing the Queen moves more than any specific pawn)? ...
Ramon Snir's user avatar
12 votes
7 answers
4k views

Why is it better to control a vertical/horizontal than diagonal?

I'm trying to truly understand why Rooks are more valuable than Bishops. Yes, they control more squares. But why? I understand that a rook forms a line that pieces cannot pass through, and this is ...
Alec's user avatar
  • 247
12 votes
1 answer
2k views

FIDE Laws: what exactly does 'colours reversed' in 7.3 mean?

Article 7.3 of the FIDE Laws reads: If a game has started with colours reversed then, if less than 10 moves have been made by both players, it shall be discontinued and a new game played with the ...
Andrew's user avatar
  • 151
11 votes
12 answers
18k views

Why is the rook worth 5 points while the bishop is only worth 3?

Why is the rook worth 5 points while the bishop is only worth 3? Rooks only move straight, but bishops only move diagonally. Is there something that makes moving straight advantageous to moving ...
clickbait's user avatar
  • 637
11 votes
2 answers
3k views

Can a player be forced to adjust a piece?

If one of my pieces is knocked off the board unintentionally, do I need to place it back on the board? Can I continue to play with one or more pieces not on the board (but still have it in effect - ...
pzeueghrc's user avatar
  • 111
10 votes
4 answers
5k views

Can I move a piece somewhere else if I left it but didn't press the clock?

Can I move a piece somewhere else if I left it but didn't press the clock? Suppose I touch my queen and then move my queen, keeping it on a square, and take my hand off. Then, before I press the clock,...
Vivaan Daga's user avatar
10 votes
5 answers
1k views

Relative value of chess pieces on queenside vs kingside

I've read a few variations on the relative value of chess pieces ( Q=9, R=5, N=3, B=3, P=1 ), but I've yet to encounter a variation in value according to the side of the board the piece is on. With ...
James Tomasino's user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
2k views

Is it OK to adjust your opponent's pieces, and what if he objects?

With all the questions lately about pieces being knocked off the board, being forced to adjust a fallen piece, etc., it made me think of this common scenario. Players often adjust more than their own ...
PhishMaster's user avatar
  • 32.5k
8 votes
1 answer
550 views

Which collections of pieces are legal?

Call a collection of (white and black) chess pieces legal if it occurs in the position of a legal chess game. For example, KQRRBBNNPPPPPPPPkqrrbbnnpppppppp is the collection at the beginning of the ...
A. Rex's user avatar
  • 780
7 votes
2 answers
3k views

Can there be a checkmate with maximum points of material (103) while covering 64 squares?

Is it possible to compose a game where these three conditions are simultaneously satisfied? No White piece is gone but every Black piece except the king is. All the white pawns are promoted to a ...
Vivaan's user avatar
  • 87
7 votes
1 answer
2k views

Is holding the opponent's captured pieces legal or allowed?

There was a controversial finish in a Canadian championship, where an opponent [un]knowingly held the queen of the other player. The [victimised] player wanted to promote his pawn to queen, but couldn'...
iammilind's user avatar
  • 714
6 votes
2 answers
2k views

Misplaced King and Queen

Suppose the players misplace the position of King and Queen in a tournament game, what should the arbiter do according to the latest FIDE rules? Does the action depend on the time control/format of ...
Arun J's user avatar
  • 1,867
6 votes
3 answers
440 views

Maximum number of non-pawn pieces on the board

In a reachable game, what is the maximum sum of queens, rooks, bishops, knights, and kings on the board? For queens only, see Maximum number of queens possible
William Entriken's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
447 views

Can a player be forced to neatly center their pieces on the board?

Following up on a question regarding piece adjustment after an accident, I was wondering if there is a rule which forces someone to neatly place their pieces on the board? I am asking in the context ...
WoJ's user avatar
  • 427
6 votes
4 answers
3k views

The genders of the pieces and pawns

Historically, what, if any, are the genders of the pieces and pawns? Is the king male and the queen female, etc? What about promoted pieces?
user avatar
6 votes
3 answers
3k views

How many possible combinations for the number of pieces on the board?

My question concerns the total material available on the chess board (black+white pieces). At the very beginning of a game, there are 2 Kings, 2 Queens, 4 Rooks, 4 Bishops, 4 Knights and 16 pawns. ...
Adam Speight's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
199 views

Why should White give up the bishop (pair) in this example?

Stockfish evaluates this as advantageous for White (+0.6 at depth 22), with Bxe4 being the only move retaining the advantage. Why is this so good for White? We give up the bishop pair We're left with ...
Hauptideal's user avatar
  • 6,172
5 votes
2 answers
272k views

What is the correct placement for the King and Queen on the chessboard?

What are the correct placements for the King and Queen set up on the board? I've heard things like, "white on the right and queen on her own colour" and "kings must not be facing each other." I'm sure ...
ThunderToes's user avatar
5 votes
4 answers
1k views

Would a piece that moved like a king – but could be captured (and could be moved en prise) – be considered a major or a minor piece?

I could be wrong, but it seems like the major determinant of whether a piece is a major piece or a minor piece is whether a king and one of that piece can force checkmate on a lone king. Would this be ...
kurchatovium's user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
1k views

What is a "big pawn"?

I've seen the term "big pawn" come up a few times (such as here and here), but I can't seem to trace down an exact definition. What is it?
Ben's user avatar
  • 153
5 votes
2 answers
546 views

Must chess pieces be within a square?

In lightning chess. must pieces be moved so they are completely within a square? If not then how much overlap is allowed? If my opponent breaks this rule do I stop the clock and call the DOP?
Brian Gale's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
545 views

Worth of a piece in time

Let us say that two players are playing each other. The are supposed to be in the same level (You can take that as an equal longtime ELO). They might be playing blitz, or rapid. But suddently, one of ...
MikhailTal's user avatar
  • 3,281
5 votes
1 answer
671 views

Where I can download images of chess pieces for my chess app?

I am developing an Android app and I need chess pieces images for my it. I am concerned about copyright issues as well. I can copy images from other chess apps on GitHub projects, but I am not sure if ...
beginner's user avatar
  • 191
4 votes
5 answers
2k views

Is It Good Or Bad To Trade Too Much?

One aspect of my style in chess is that I like to trade a lot. Is trading too much bad?
Nuach's user avatar
  • 205
4 votes
3 answers
495 views

Piece And Pawn Only Massacre Games

What are the fastest possible games in which only all pieces and all pawns are captured? I did some searching myself. Pieces Only [Title "me, chess.stackexchange.com 3/2/2019, Non-Unique Proof ...
Rewan Demontay's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
722 views

What is the origin of the chess pieces' movements?

Why do pieces move the way they do? Was there any reason behind the decision in the early history of chess? This Quora post for example mentions (no citations): Queen can give directions. And she can ...
double-beep's user avatar
  • 4,350
4 votes
2 answers
241 views

Why am I losing so much more often with black (newer player)?

I have played about 125 games so far online and am rated 834 in rapid (I did play a lot as a child but not in many years) and I have double the win percentage with white pieces that I do playing as ...
Giggity's user avatar
  • 41
4 votes
1 answer
350 views

What is the name of the style this knight is in?

My grown kid is looking for a chess set of his own. In that process I got curious what style the set I inherited from my grandfather is in. It is most likely bought in Europe in the period 1930-1950. ...
Thorbjørn Ravn Andersen's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
330 views

Number of positions with specifically a number of pieces

What is the number of legal positions in a chess game? This is a question asked earlier on the site. Now I am wondering, what can be the number of positions for a certain number of pieces. Like 8 ...
MikhailTal's user avatar
  • 3,281
3 votes
1 answer
154 views

Literarily weak knights

When I was young, the knight was sometimes lousy and knights took the cake. It happened more than once that I hammered a knight sacrifice into the rows of my opponent during blitz...the effect being ...
Hauke Reddmann's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
1k views

What is the minimum number of pieces needed in a chess set to account for all possible promoted pieces?

How many pieces would be needed in a chess set where all possibilities for promoted pieces are included if pawns are no longer used after they promote?
user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
324 views

Taxicab distance for bishops

I have two questions related to defining distances in chess. On this wiki page, this subject is briefly touched, by saying that the taxicab (also called Manhattan) distance is used for rooks, which as ...
TowersOfHanoi's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
466 views

Can you identify the design of these chess pieces?

I was wondering if anyone could identify the name of this chess piece design, or possibly the name of its designer? It's obviously not the standard Staunton set.
Victor Claessen's user avatar