Questions tagged [pawn-promotion]

Questions related to techniques for promoting pawns, or the promotion itself.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
49
votes
2answers
9k views

When (if ever) was it a rule that pawn promotion was optional?

I'm reading a very old chess book ("The Chess Pocket Manual" by G.H.D. Gossip, copyright 1894), and I find this passage in it's section on "The Laws of Chess": When a Pawn has reached the eighth ...
27
votes
3answers
73k views

What is the correct pawn promotion procedure?

This may be a frivolous question, as I believe that most chess players are good sportsmen, but I was wondering: what is the technically correct procedure for promoting a pawn to a queen? Do you ask ...
25
votes
10answers
12k views

Why would one promote a pawn to a knight?

I know that it is makes no sense to promote a pawn to a bishop or a rook as the queen can compensate for both but a knight is something different. However, the queen is still much more powerful. So ...
22
votes
2answers
4k views

Why underpromote in this KNNP-KR endgame?

In the position below, I'm promoting my pawn. The app says promoting to a Queen is incorrect, but a Rook is correct? In this setup it doesn't make sense. [FEN "8/1P6/3N4/8/8/3k4/r7/4KN2 w - - 0 1"] ...
21
votes
4answers
6k views

What are some examples of promoting a pawn to a rook or bishop?

I understand the theory, and have seen examples, of endgames where a pawn promoted to a queen creates a draw and instead the player typically promotes to rook. My question is, has this ever occurred ...
21
votes
2answers
1k views

Pawn to Queen probabilities chart

Statistically speaking, which white and black pawns are most likely to be queened?
18
votes
4answers
3k views

Is there any position where not promoting(illegally) would be the best move?

Is there any position, where moving a pawn to last rank but not promoting it to any piece would be the best move? By the way, I know this is an illegal move. Assume it is legal. Edit: Now we have a ...
16
votes
2answers
11k views

Do the official rules of chess forbid promoting a pawn to a piece of the opposite color?

Not that it would be everyone's first choice, but it is possible to concoct positions where having an extra piece block your opponent's moves and thus gives you an advantage (think blocking an escape ...
15
votes
3answers
2k views

What sense does promotion to queen make?

When a pawn finally reaches the eighth rank, then it can be promoted to rook, knight, bishop or queen. It is not hard to imagine that a soldier who has achieved a lot could be promoted to an officer. ...
15
votes
2answers
952 views

What is the origin, or a early appearance, of this famous chess tale?

There is a story I have found across the Internet of an endgame between two players, usually named as Capablanca versus an extraterrestrial of some sort. According to the Spanish chess Wikipedia, the ...
14
votes
2answers
601 views

Earliest text which mentions the pawn promotion rule

My question is about the history of the pawn promotion rule (promotion to a queen). What is the earliest existing text (authentic written document in any language) which mentions the pawn ...
13
votes
3answers
523 views

Promotion race between three non-confronting pawns

Two evenly matched players have reached the endgame after exchanging off all their pieces except the King and 3 Pawns. Having castled on opposite sides, we have now reached the following interesting ...
13
votes
1answer
2k views

Are there endgames which could be forced wins if not for the 50-move rule?

Wikipedia's article on the fifty-move rule states: In the 20th century it was discovered that some positions of certain endgames can only be won in more than fifty moves (without a capture or a ...
12
votes
1answer
2k views

Why does Fritz prefer underpromotion in this position?

Why does Fritz prefer underpromotion in this position? How can underpromotion to bishop evaluate so much higher than normal queen promotion? Can this be a bug in the Fritz 14 chess engine?
9
votes
1answer
620 views

Touching a captured queen — must I promote to it?

Playing a friendly game against my son (but with Touch-and-Move in force), I was going to promote a pawn to a queen, so I fished out my queen from among the captured pieces, and placed it on the ...
8
votes
6answers
2k views

Pawn Promotion Endgame Problem-White to move and mate in 1

So I have not been this interested in chess for a very long time indeed. This problem was posed to me by someone who has recently become experienced in chess and also participated in a chess ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

What is the most queens that have been on the board in a grandmaster game?

There are quite a few grandmaster games with 3 queens or 4 queens, but what is the highest number of queens on the board in a game between two GMs? I'd be interested in both the most on the board ...
8
votes
3answers
461 views

How likely is it that a non-orthodox promotion is optimal?

Under promotion is an interesting aspect of chess, but there are other possibilities that aren't allowed under modern rules. One is the so-called "dummy pawn", as this question discusses: When (if ...
7
votes
4answers
1k views

Why doesn't Promotion restrict choices to Queen and Knight only?

Queen, in a sense, is equivalent to Bishop and Rook. What is the logic behind "putting Rook and Bishop" in the promotion move's options? Why doesn't it (Promotion move) provide the choice between ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

FIDE rules when opponent accidentally promotes to your Queen

This happened to someone else recently in a time scramble during an OTB game. His opponent promoted a pawn and placed a Queen of the wrong color on the board. He was corrected by the player and the ...
7
votes
1answer
657 views

Antichess pawn promotion

The rules of antichess specified in Wikipedia state that the rules of regular chess should be followed except Capturing is compulsory. When more than one capture is available, the player may choose....
6
votes
3answers
4k views

If a pawn is promoted to queen beside the king is the king instantly in check?

If a pawn is promoted to queen adjacent to the enemy king, is the king instantly in check?
6
votes
4answers
657 views

How common/important is promotion to knight?

Is a chess program without the ability to promote to knight unacceptably incomplete? I have a chess program that implements most basic chess rules, such as en passant and castling. However, promotion ...
6
votes
2answers
783 views

Famous pawn promotion matches

Except for a famous match between Tigran Petrosian and Bobby fischer, I don't know of any famous chess match between top notch players which had some climactic pawn promotions . Could anyone here ...
6
votes
3answers
303 views

Is this 2B vs. N endgame won for the bishops?

Tim Krabbe gives this position on his list of serious promotions to rook and bishop: [FEN "8/8/5b2/8/K7/4N3/kp6/8 w - - 0 1"] [White "Boniface"] [Black "Pugh"] [Site "Bristol"] [Date "1995"] 1. Nd1 ...
6
votes
1answer
404 views

According to official FIDE rules, when queening a pawn, can you pause the clock?

I have heard that you are allowed to pause to clock to find your queen. Is this true?
6
votes
2answers
9k views

Can I promote to a queen twice?

I am confused about pawn promotion. If I promote two different pawns, can I promote them both to a queen?
5
votes
4answers
2k views

Understanding Carlsen's resignation in the rook and pawn endgame vs MVL

Why did Carlsen resign in the position shown below? (blitz game played in the London Chess Classic GCT Finals) Can't white help the pawn queen after Ke3 and Kd3 then Kd4? I must be missing something. ...
5
votes
5answers
3k views

Did Bobby Fischer castle with a pawn promoted to a rook?

I once heard that Bobby Fischer pawn promoted to a rook, and then on a subsequent move, castled with that rook. I have been searching for the move history of this game, if it really did happen, but I ...
5
votes
1answer
460 views

Under Promoting Pawn [duplicate]

I would like to ask if It is legal to under promote a pawn to opponents pieces? I mean like promoting white's pawn to a black's knight here will be a win. Here's the position for white; Ka5, b7 and ...
5
votes
3answers
582 views

Is it unsportsmanlike to underpromote to improve my chances?

Is it unsportsmanlike to underpromote a pawn to improve my chances? Sometimes I reach a won endgame where underpromoting my pawn will result in a slower but easier final checkmate. Old example, ...
4
votes
4answers
451 views

Can a pawn that performed an en passant capture promote at all?

So let's say I capture en passant with a pawn. Using the same pawn, I get to the 8th rank. Can I promote that pawn into anything else? I've heard of this restriction in various ways. Some say it can ...
4
votes
2answers
11k views

Do you get an extra turn when you promote your pawn?

If you promote a pawn do you get a second move to move it out of danger? Or do you still only get the promotion as your move and it becomes the opponents move?
4
votes
3answers
939 views

Pawn promotion to queen of the other color

A Black pawn reached the end of board and Black himself picked it up and placed a White queen on the board. He removed his hand from the piece. I am not concerned with 'the spirit of the game' but ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Why does Lichess mark this move as “?!”?

I was looking at this game on Lichess, where it says "Checkmate is now unavoidable. Best move was Kc4." As far as I can tell, checkmate was already unavoidable, including after Kc4. Namely, Black can ...
4
votes
1answer
252 views

What is the maximum number of promoted pawns ever achieved in a competitive game?

In theory, a player could advance all eight of their pawns to the end of the board, promoting them all. In my own experience, games with more than two promotions on one side have been vanishingly rare,...
4
votes
1answer
179 views

When a pawn promotes, does the new piece go to the promotion square, or the home square of piece type it promoted to?

When a pawn promotes, does the new piece go to the promotion square, or the home square of piece type it promoted to? In other words, if a pawn promotes to a queen, does the queen go back to the ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Is castling possible with a pawn promoted to a rook?

I was thinking about some rules and I came up with a really nice question. Is it possible to castle with a pawn promoted to a rook? If the rules are followed-neither the king or the new rook has ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Can there be two bishops on white tiles? If not, can my queen be capture and then promoted so I can win the game?

. Can there be two bishops on white squares? If not, can my queen be captured and then bepromoted so I can win the game? I don't know what to really do, because I ...
3
votes
1answer
967 views

What is the minimum number of pieces needed in a chess set to account for all possible promoted pieces?

How many pieces would be needed in a chess set where all possibilities for promoted pieces are included if pawns are no longer used after they promote?
3
votes
1answer
778 views

Is pawn promotion obligatory?

According to Wikipedia, when a pawn advances to the eighth rank, the pawn is promoted as a part of the move. However, this doesn't make it clear whether I am obliged to promote the pawn if it gets to ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Pawn Promotion to Queen

I have my rook on the 8th rank. My pawn is directly behind it. I want to move diagonal with my pawn to promote it to a queen. Can I move diagonal to reach the 8th rank and promote my pawn?
3
votes
2answers
736 views

How do you calculate pawn endgames, like if you have X number of pawns facing X numbers of opposite color?

I'll use a random example here with white to move, but I'm really asking about the general principles. 8/7p/6p1/pp3p2/3k1P2/PP6/1P1K1PPP/8 w - - 0 1 I'm a chess amateur and endgames drive me crazy....
3
votes
1answer
114 views

List of numerous possible reasons to promote to a knight

While this asks for a reason/any reason in general, I wish to make a list of numerous posssible unique reasons. I already have an exhaustive list of my own. Are there any more possible reasons out ...
2
votes
2answers
252 views

If a pawn promotes to a checking piece while also revealing a check, it is a double check?

I'm writing a chess engine just for fun, and during the validation of movement generation, I found some positions in Perft Results that differ from what my engine is producing. As an example, take ...
2
votes
1answer
612 views

Pawn promotion movement

If a pawn is promoted, does that count as a move? What if a rook is waiting and could capture the new queen in one move? What exactly happens when a pawn is promoted?
2
votes
2answers
179 views

A word for the resulting piece of a promotion?

I'm looking for a word that represents the piece after the promotion. In a chemical reaction there are the reactants and the products. Is there an equivalent word for product in promotion? (In case I ...
2
votes
4answers
511 views

Situations of underpromoting the pawn

I recently came across a wonderful article on Chess.com about under promotion of pawns. One of the situations is here: [FEN "8/8/1KP5/3r4/8/8/8/k7 w - - 0 1"] [Date "1895.??.??"] [White "Saavedra, ...
2
votes
1answer
72 views

Knight promotion percentages

Knight promotion is the second most common promotion. Most of the time it is to give an otherwise ungivable check. But it doesn’t always come with check. Statiscally speaking, what percentage of ...
2
votes
0answers
60 views

Why is there an option for the pawn to be promoted in any chess piece? [duplicate]

A pawn can be promoted to a queen, a knight, a rook or a bishop. My question is why would someone want their pawn to be promoted to anything other than a queen? I can understand the knight promotion ...