Questions tagged [history]

Use this tag for questions relating to the history of chess and chess organizations, whose origins trace to the ancient Indian game of Chaturanga.

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3answers
674 views

Has there been a game which was drawn with three queens?

One of my friends who follows chess told me that there was a player in the past whose defensive game was so good that he drew a game where the opponent had three queens ? I couldn't find a game like ...
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2answers
233 views

Looking for an old problem that I can't quite remember

I remember seeing a particular chess problem awhile ago on YouTube, but I can't find it. The problem's theme was something about caging in the Turkish king, and the video mentioned it as being old. ...
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2answers
662 views

Unknown Women International Masters

I am interested in the history of chess and, looking at the old FIDE rankings, I am a little puzzled by the lack of information about some strong Women International Masters, with a FIDE rating above ...
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3answers
212 views

What is it about Soviet born players that makes them winners in the brutal 128-player knockout format of the World Cup?

Teimour Radjabov has just won the World Cup. The first two FIDE World Cups, in 2000 and 2002 had 4 groups of 6 players with the 2 group winners going into an 8-player knockout. They were both won by ...
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2answers
385 views

Has the success of computers reduced the stature of chess as an 'intellectual' sport/game?

As human beings, we know that there are different aspects of intelligence. Often, innovation and creativity are considered to be higher levels of intelligence, whereas the ability to calculate is ...
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2answers
231 views

What is the consequence of removing the two-square first move rule?

In this related question I see that en passant and two-square first move for pawns were introduced together between 1200 and 1600. What was the reason for adding these rules? Put another way, has the ...
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4answers
203 views

Meaning and origin of 'theory' in 'opening theory'

What precisely does 'opening theory' mean? Generally when I see the word 'theory', I'd expect a conceptual move away from the particular towards the universal. That is, I would expect 'opening theory' ...
3
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1answer
163 views

Three Pieces in the Attack

As a kid, my coach, an International Master, was repeating "if you have three pieces or more in the attack you can sacrifice without thinking!" However, don't take this rule too literally! Chess is ...
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2answers
203 views

Online or Print Sources for Historical Games

What are the best online or print sources for historical games? I am generally looking for pre-1930s games NOT by world champions, and, in particular, looking for games by some of the prominent women ...
3
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1answer
126 views

Who was the first modern grandmaster?

According to Wikipedia, the modern system for awarding FIDE titles evolved from the "Dorazil" proposals, presented to the 1970 Siegen Chess Olympiad FIDE Congress. On the same Wikipedia page ...
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1answer
118 views

What was Verdoni's first name?

Did you know that Verdoni was known to be a chess champion in the 19th century, but what was his first name?
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1answer
212 views

How bad a chess player was Alan Turing?

It is interesting that while Turing is considered a creative genius at a level I am not sure how to characterize but he was certainly very important and successful in the code-breaking efforts during ...
3
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1answer
84 views

Where can I find lists of best games per tournament?

I would like to obtain a list of best games per tournament (World Chess Championships, Chess World Cup, ...). By "best" I mean games that either have won a brilliancy prize, or games that are ...
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2answers
177 views

Cases of grandmasters renouncing titles, tournament victories, etc?

Apart from Bobby Fischer "renouncing", in a sense, the World Championship title in 1975, are there any other famous cases from chess history of strong players voluntarily renouncing titles, tournament ...
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2answers
509 views

Professional games that ended with mate

What are some professional games where the losing side did not resign before receiving mate? And how sure are people of the record? In old books they did not care much for complete historical ...
2
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1answer
184 views

What is the “Gufeld Bishop”?

I have another question I am going to ask and answer. The other day, I was watching a chess24 video, and GM Jan Gustafsson mentioned the “Gufeld Bishop”. What is the “Gufeld Bishop”?
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1answer
468 views

Elo rating of the best player from the 19th century, if he played today?

Take the best player from the 19th century, at his prime, and imagine he started playing tournaments today. He can't learn new stuff. What Elo would he achieve?
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1answer
82 views

East and West German Chess

Interested in chess history, I wonder if there is an accessible data set that lists all players from East and West Germany in the 80's, ideally with information like the FIDE website (name, national ...
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3answers
110 views

How has the frequency of FIDE rating lists changed over the years?

Today FIDE publishes a new rating list once a month. When FIDE first started publishing official lists in 1971 they came out once a year. How has the frequency changed over the years? When did the ...
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3answers
140 views

Specific for Lasker during 1904 Cambridge Springs tournament

I have heard that Emanuel Lasker, during the great historical tournament in 1904 (in Cambridge Springs), had to face some specific which was imposed on him. I am wondering what could be meant by that? ...
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1answer
563 views

Full Footage From 1972 Championship

Since the 1972 chess championship was televised I imagine there must be full footage of all the matches somewhere. I have spent time looking around, but found nothing but short clips of the games. ...
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2answers
106 views

Bela Berger and Blindfold Chess: What do players “see” on the board?

I was looking at the interesting career of Bela Berger. On this oral history site, Bela Berger talks in an interview. Here is a quote from the site: "Berger, international chess master, speaks ...
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1answer
263 views

Are today's top correspondence chess players stronger than those from 5 years ago?

On the one hand today's chess engines will stomp those from five years ago no problem, not to mention hardware improves; on the other hand, correspondence chess players emphasize that one can't just ...
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1answer
69 views

When did Bobby Fischer move from New York to California?

As title above, when did Bobby Fischer move from Brooklyn, New York, to California, where did he actually locate, and why did he leave New York?
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1answer
180 views

Is there any documented game by Benjamin Blumenfeld where he played Blumenfeld Gambit?

Is there any documented game by Benjamin Blumenfeld where he played Blumenfeld Gambit?
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0answers
48 views

Where to find cross table for 1956 Thanksgiving weekend Eastern Open?

Berliner won this tournament. Chess life/review reported it. Newspapers reported it. The Eastern Open in 1956 was Thanksgiving weekend in the YMCA in DC. Berliner won it. Rossolimo, Lombardy, ...
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0answers
85 views

Old versions of FIDE laws of chess? [duplicate]

Is it possible to view or obtain old versions of the FIDE Laws of Chess? I would like to trace the history of when various rules were added or modified. The FIDE handbook only goes back as far as ...
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2answers
127 views

Way to Logically Predict Approximate Chess Rating in Pop-Culture Games [closed]

After seeing a video of an analysis on the chess game in A Game of Shadows between Sherlock Holmes and Moriarty, it made me wonder what their fictional ratings would be around. Other games like the ...
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1answer
211 views

Bobby Fischer and the U.S

Why did Bobby Fischer despise the U.S and why did he get exiled? Wasn't he America's hero at one point? I'm a big fan of his games.
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2answers
225 views

Is there any better play than the 3-move mate?

I know how to cause a checkmate in three moves. Are there any better ones? I've been told that there is a two move one but, I have never found someone who can do it. Is it just a legend that has ...
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4answers
352 views

Why is it called a draw?

There's no information as to why it's called a draw. Some of my students start to take out a pencil and paper and literally draw in the middle of the game. Why is it called a draw?
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1answer
139 views

Fischer vs Sherwin Game - 1957

In this game Move # 32 Sherwin play Rxh7 and this move makes him lose the game, so why he didn't play Rxf6? is this mistake from him? or something I didn't get. [FEN "rnbqkbnr/pppppppp/8/8/8/8/...
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1answer
167 views

Origin of Blitz

For some time now, blitz (in any of various formats) has been a very popular format of chess. It is obvious that in order to play blitz you need to have a chess clock and these have been around for ...
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1answer
98 views

Is Gilbert Guerrero a 2500 US player?

According to the FIDE website, Gilbert Guerrero is from the US federation and 2500 Elo. I have never heard of this player, who mates GM Campora in ... 11 moves! Here is the game from Chessgames.com ...
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1answer
356 views

Why is en passant possibility recorded in FEN regardless of whether there is a pawn ready to make the capture?

If a pawn has just moved two squares ahead, one records the square right behind it in the part of FEN for recording en passant possibility, regardless of whether there is a pawn of the opposite color ...
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1answer
108 views

1998 USCF Chess Rankings

Is there a place to look up rankings of USCF players for a previous year? Specifically, I would like to know who was #3 in the USCF in 1998 (for reasons not relevant to the question) - but figured a ...
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2answers
191 views

“Chess is art” who was the first one to use this quote?

Who was the very first one to ever use the quote "Chess is art"? Like who was the first one?
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1answer
107 views

Is prophylaxis a feature of the hypermodern school?

Wikipedia mentions prophylaxis in the article of hypermodernism in chess. But is it really a feature of the hypermodern school? I have not seen prophylaxis in any other book or article about ...
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0answers
59 views

Most recent “best in world” player who would be defeated by a CM

Of the chess players who could reasonably be considered the best in the world in at least one year in history, how far back would you have to go before one of them would lose to a 2020 Candidate ...
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0answers
22 views

Why Rashid Nezhmetdinov didn't achieve a grandmaster title? [duplicate]

Rashid Nezhmetdinov is one of the greatest chess player of all time. He destroyed Mikhail Tal many times. I know he was a great attacker but Tal also a great attacker. But why Rashid did not succeed ...
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4answers
174 views

The exsistence of IBM’s Deep Blue

How would IBM’s Deep Blue fair against modern day champions like Carlsen? Was it decommissioned after Kasparov's game?
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3answers
262 views

What's the origin of chess?

I have heard numerous times that stated that India was the inventors of the original chess. I have also heard that the origin was in the Middle East. Sometimes I heard that the origin was in Arabia. ...
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22 views

Examples of Debunked Problems [duplicate]

Are there any problems that have solutions which have been debunked?
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2answers
259 views

Fixed games in chess-is it real or just a conspiracy theory? If real, how bad is it?

One famous case of fixed chess games is the Keres vs. Botvinnik World Championship 1948. I ran across this example while looking for other such chess games from history. It is known that Stalin was ...
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1answer
53 views

Books on chess history/biography/autobiography [closed]

I am looking for books about chess players (biography/autobiography) and chess history (like books on specific world championships or other such tournaments) to augment my knowledge of chess and set ...
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1answer
180 views

How come Paul Morphy has lots of weird and wonderful games? [closed]

Paul Morphy, from what I’ve seem, seems to have been a master of making weird and wonderful games, such as his famous kingside castling checkmate game. Are there any particular reasons for this?

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