Questions tagged [history]

Use this tag for questions relating to the history of chess and chess organizations, whose origins trace to the ancient Indian game of Chaturanga.

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5
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0answers
213 views

In which article did Nigel Short retract from having played online vs Fischer?

I read a recent tweet by Nigel Short mentioning his retraction, but I can't find it.
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10answers
2k views

What are some chess songs? [closed]

What are some songs about chess? Historical songs; pop songs; singalong songs, hymns, anthems; whatever you can find.
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2answers
239 views

Professional match where neither player castles?

Are there any professional matches from serious players where neither player castles during the course of the game?
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1answer
1k views

What was the longest World Championship game?

The recently concluded Game 7 of the 2014 Carlsen-Anand match went to move 122 before a draw was reached due to insufficient material. Is this the longest game played in a World Chess Championship ...
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2answers
353 views

Why is this gambit also known as the Maltese Falcon Gambit?

Why is the Gibbins-Wiedehagen Gambit (1.d4 Nf6 2.g4) also known as the Maltese Falcon Attack (or Gambit)? Is there any specific reason for that?
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3answers
739 views

Adjusting in one's turn only

There is this touch-move rule which doesn't apply when the player says "Adjust" . Wikipedia says : To adjust the position of a piece on its square without being required to move it. A ...
4
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1answer
247 views

Franci de Castellvi - Narcis Vinyoles 18. … Qg6??, a blunder by black?

[Site "Valencia"] [Date "1475"] [White "Franci de Castellvi"] [Black "Narcis Vinyoles"] [Result "1-0"] [startply "36"] [FEN ""] 1. e4 d5 2. exd5 Qxd5 3. Nc3 Qd8 4. Bc4 Nf6 5. Nf3 Bg4 6. h3 ...
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2answers
305 views

What should be defined as an en passant checkmate?

Is there a general consensus among composers, players, and/or organizations for what exactly defines an en passant checkmate, and is there any history to it? As far as I know, there are two ...
4
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2answers
305 views

Which countries have (or had) chess as a compulsory component of their national curricula?

The only country I know of that definitely has chess as a compulsory subject on its national curriculum is Armenia. Are there any others? I think Paraguay may be one. Please take "national ...
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1answer
527 views

Controversy over the Xiangqi cannon piece?

When reviewing the nature of the pieces of various chess variants, namely the xiangqi cannon, I asked about its history. I was surprised that the dates of its mentions did not match 8th century ...
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2answers
250 views

Does anyone have a version of the 50x50 article by Nikita Plaksin?

In 1979, Nikita M. Plaksin published a reportedly fascinating article containing 50 problems all related to the 50 moves rule. Unfortunately I can't find it anywhere, the only links that I could find ...
4
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2answers
91 views

Looking for a PDF of the British Chess Magazine, Sep. 1907

I am looking for a PDF copy of British Chess Magazine dated September 1907 which contains an analysis of a game between Neustadtl and Porges.
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2answers
109 views

What are the records for highest 1 year span performance rating?

I've heard that Bobby Fischer had a 2892 performance in 1971. If this is true, it's probably the highest performance, but I don't know if this is true. Does anyone have any information about this?
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2answers
239 views

What are the dates each of the endgame tablebases were completed?

I'm curious to get a rough sense for when chess could be solved if Moore's law, and algorithm improvements continue, and I thought a good way to get a rough idea would be to extrapolate based on when ...
4
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1answer
367 views

Paul Morphy vs Henry Bird missing games.

The Historical Chess Ratings page claims that Paul Morphy played 12 games with Henry Bird, with a final score of 10.5 - 1.5 (Kasparov's book My Great Predecessors Part I also mentions this (page 55), ...
4
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1answer
34 views

Timeline of key historical changes to FIDE Laws & WFCC Codex?

A well-answered question here: FIDE Laws of Chess pre-2017 asks for locations of historical sets of FIDE Laws. I am asking for something which partially builds on that. Is there a timeline of "...
4
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1answer
84 views

Where does the expression “checkmate” come from?

While watching The Queen's Gambit my partner asked me: why do they say "checkmate"? But she wanted to know what is the origin of this expression, not its meaning. And I realized I didn't ...
4
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1answer
610 views

Improvement of chess engines over time

Chess engine strength has increased considerably over time due to increase of computer strength, but also improvement in algorithms/parameters. Is there any statistics or graph out there which shows ...
4
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1answer
89 views

Did any other language than English ever use Descriptive notation? Which languages have always used Algebraic?

Descriptive notation seems to be limited to certain languages like English, and I found a Wikipedia article that mentions Spanish and French. I have never seen a Russian book that uses Descriptive, ...
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1answer
189 views

Professional Databases and Historical Games

I have tried to look for historical chess games (i.e. 19th century to early 20th century). I usually use Chessbase online database and chessgames.com. I have never paid for a database or database ...
4
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1answer
232 views

Complete game Szabo-Groszpeter, Kecskemet 1984

I'm looking for the complete game Szabo-Groszpeter, Kecskemet 1984. The following knight endgame was reached and White won eventually with the paradoxal move Kb8!! blocking his b-pawn on b7. [fen "8/...
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3answers
2k views

Famous grandmaster games of “torturous” winning or flaunting out of arrogance?

I was originally wondering why we don't see more torturous type of games among masters. For example, instead of proceeding to checkmate, the player in control methodically takes all pieces of his ...
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3answers
1k views

Has there been a game which was drawn with three queens?

One of my friends who follows chess told me that there was a player in the past whose defensive game was so good that he drew a game where the opponent had three queens ? I couldn't find a game like ...
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2answers
244 views

Looking for an old problem that I can't quite remember

I remember seeing a particular chess problem awhile ago on YouTube, but I can't find it. The problem's theme was something about caging in the Turkish king, and the video mentioned it as being old. ...
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2answers
673 views

Unknown Women International Masters

I am interested in the history of chess and, looking at the old FIDE rankings, I am a little puzzled by the lack of information about some strong Women International Masters, with a FIDE rating above ...
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3answers
233 views

What is it about Soviet born players that makes them winners in the brutal 128-player knockout format of the World Cup?

Teimour Radjabov has just won the World Cup. The first two FIDE World Cups, in 2000 and 2002 had 4 groups of 6 players with the 2 group winners going into an 8-player knockout. They were both won by ...
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2answers
403 views

Has the success of computers reduced the stature of chess as an 'intellectual' sport/game?

As human beings, we know that there are different aspects of intelligence. Often, innovation and creativity are considered to be higher levels of intelligence, whereas the ability to calculate is ...
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2answers
262 views

What is the consequence of removing the two-square first move rule?

In this related question I see that en passant and two-square first move for pawns were introduced together between 1200 and 1600. What was the reason for adding these rules? Put another way, has the ...
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1answer
219 views

How old was Judit Polgar when she learned to play chess?

I found a few publicly accessible biographies of Judit Polgar, including details of her early life. According to the biography on Judit’s website, she was 9 when she first won an international chess ...
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2answers
132 views

Most recent “best in world” player who would be defeated by a CM

Of the chess players who could reasonably be considered the best in the world in at least one year in history, how far back would you have to go before one of them would lose to a 2020 Candidate ...
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4answers
229 views

Meaning and origin of 'theory' in 'opening theory'

What precisely does 'opening theory' mean? Generally when I see the word 'theory', I'd expect a conceptual move away from the particular towards the universal. That is, I would expect 'opening theory' ...
3
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1answer
91 views

What rules are known for Chaturanga?

In the ancient Indian game Chaturanga, what rules are known, and how does it vary from modern chess? Also, is it a solved game?
3
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1answer
183 views

Three Pieces in the Attack

As a kid, my coach, an International Master, was repeating "if you have three pieces or more in the attack you can sacrifice without thinking!" However, don't take this rule too literally! Chess is ...
3
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1answer
298 views

Are today's top correspondence chess players stronger than those from 5 years ago?

On the one hand today's chess engines will stomp those from five years ago no problem, not to mention hardware improves; on the other hand, correspondence chess players emphasize that one can't just ...
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2answers
206 views

Online or Print Sources for Historical Games

What are the best online or print sources for historical games? I am generally looking for pre-1930s games NOT by world champions, and, in particular, looking for games by some of the prominent women ...
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1answer
176 views

Who was the first modern grandmaster?

According to Wikipedia, the modern system for awarding FIDE titles evolved from the "Dorazil" proposals, presented to the 1970 Siegen Chess Olympiad FIDE Congress. On the same Wikipedia page ...
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1answer
125 views

What was Verdoni's first name?

Did you know that Verdoni was known to be a chess champion in the 19th century, but what was his first name?
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1answer
260 views

How bad a chess player was Alan Turing?

It is interesting that while Turing is considered a creative genius at a level I am not sure how to characterize but he was certainly very important and successful in the code-breaking efforts during ...
3
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1answer
85 views

Where can I find lists of best games per tournament?

I would like to obtain a list of best games per tournament (World Chess Championships, Chess World Cup, ...). By "best" I mean games that either have won a brilliancy prize, or games that are ...
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0answers
53 views

Where to find cross table for 1956 Thanksgiving weekend Eastern Open?

Berliner won this tournament. Chess life/review reported it. Newspapers reported it. The Eastern Open in 1956 was Thanksgiving weekend in the YMCA in DC. Berliner won it. Rossolimo, Lombardy, ...
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2answers
184 views

Cases of grandmasters renouncing titles, tournament victories, etc?

Apart from Bobby Fischer "renouncing", in a sense, the World Championship title in 1975, are there any other famous cases from chess history of strong players voluntarily renouncing titles, tournament ...
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2answers
550 views

Professional games that ended with mate

What are some professional games where the losing side did not resign before receiving mate? And how sure are people of the record? In old books they did not care much for complete historical ...
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2answers
448 views

In “The Queen's gambit” were there any famous games played?

Throughout "The Queen's Gambit" (Netflix) we see games at an advanced stage (after the opening). And while the characters are fictitious, the show being set in the 1960s (Beth adult), Benny ...
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1answer
205 views

What is the “Gufeld Bishop”?

I have another question I am going to ask and answer. The other day, I was watching a chess24 video, and GM Jan Gustafsson mentioned the “Gufeld Bishop”. What is the “Gufeld Bishop”?
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1answer
490 views

Elo rating of the best player from the 19th century, if he played today?

Take the best player from the 19th century, at his prime, and imagine he started playing tournaments today. He can't learn new stuff. What Elo would he achieve?
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2answers
170 views

Why the initial rating of FIDE is calculated that strangely?

Let suppose an unrated player plays a FIDE rated swiss tournament where its opponent's ratings are e.g. 1300,2000,2100,2200,2300 and wins all of them, then his initial rating will be 2100 according to ...
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1answer
93 views

East and West German Chess

Interested in chess history, I wonder if there is an accessible data set that lists all players from East and West Germany in the 80's, ideally with information like the FIDE website (name, national ...
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3answers
133 views

How has the frequency of FIDE rating lists changed over the years?

Today FIDE publishes a new rating list once a month. When FIDE first started publishing official lists in 1971 they came out once a year. How has the frequency changed over the years? When did the ...
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3answers
143 views

Specific for Lasker during 1904 Cambridge Springs tournament

I have heard that Emanuel Lasker, during the great historical tournament in 1904 (in Cambridge Springs), had to face some specific which was imposed on him. I am wondering what could be meant by that? ...
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1answer
682 views

Full Footage From 1972 Championship

Since the 1972 chess championship was televised I imagine there must be full footage of all the matches somewhere. I have spent time looking around, but found nothing but short clips of the games. ...