Questions tagged [history]

Use this tag for questions relating to the history of chess and chess organizations, whose origins trace to the ancient Indian game of Chaturanga.

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456 views

Kasparov quote reference

Kasparov apparently said: By strictly observing Botvinnik's rule regarding the thorough analysis of one's own games, with the years I have come to realize that this provides the foundation for ...
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237 views

Nationality of the Azerbaijan Shakhriyar Mamedyarov and Teimour Radjabov

I hope this kind of question is allowed. In any case, I want to clarify that there is no intention for racism or political arguments, etc. It is just a sincere wonder from the anthropological point of ...
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488 views

How to interpret lifetime score

I can not understand what the following numbers mean: Gligorić had the following record against the world champions he played against: Max Euwe +2 -0 =5, Mikhail Botvinnik +2 −2 =6, Vasily ...
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225 views

Who was the last Indian player to beat Vishy, and when?

The question came to mind following today's game between Vishy (Viswanathan Anand) and the young Raunak Sadhwani at the Isle of Man 2018 Tournament. Has Vishy been beaten by an Indian player since, ...
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1k views

Which is the oldest chess game?

Chess has more than 1000 years of existence and the pieces got their modern day movements in 15th century Spain. But which is the oldest chess game of which we know the moves?
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657 views

Was Paul Morphy a slow player?

In Milan Vidmar's book Goldene Schachzeiten he writes that the brilliant Paul Morphy was known to be an extraordinarily slow player, who would probably have had a hard life if time control were part ...
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1answer
547 views

How is chess viewed in USSR vs Post-USSR?

I was reading the following wikipedia article on Mark Taimanov and I was very shocked (I guess I shoudn't be knowing how the Soviets took chess so seriously) that when Taimanov lost to Fischer 6-0 , ...
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1answer
1k views

Queen with Knight capabilities

I find it interesting that the Queen can move with the same capabilities as the Rook and the Bishop, but cannot 'jump' or move like the Knight, I understand that this would overpower the queen but ...
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1answer
108 views

“Back story” of the pieces legal moves

An acquaintance whose family was from Turkey, told me that the pieces move the way do based on ideas about Persian warfare. Moving in a rank or file was considered earthly, and moving diagonal was ...
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1answer
435 views

Which was that Marshall's game with that spectacular Queen sac?

Which was the game where Marshall, I think that with Black, made a spectacular Queen sac in g3 (White pawns on f2, g2, and h2, King in g1). The Black Queen could be taken with the f and h pawns and ...
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1answer
482 views

How did Taimanov lose this game to Karpov?

I can't understand how Taimanov (playing White) resigned in the following position against Karpov from the Moscow team leagues in 1973: After 40.Rc2 or 40.d5 the position seems to be equal. I know ...
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2answers
1k views

Could you estimate Napoleon's (or other historic persons) Elo on the base of his known games?

I wonder if there is a possibility to calculate/estimate the Elo rating Napoleon would have today by analysing his known games? Is it possible at all to calculate an Elo rating only with some ...
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188 views

Looking for an opening that had been wrongly evaluated for years

I'm looking for an opening I saw in a book (not a chess book). The opening was about 10 moves long, and the author stated that the evaluation after the last move shown had been considered for many ...
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296 views

Online resources for medieval Persian chess games or problems?

I am looking for any collection of chess games of al-Suli or anyone medieval scholar's composition of games. Any resources would be appreciated.
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217 views

Examples of hidden gems

For the moment, I have a hard time finding time for chess due to studies, so for the time being, chess has to be a purely recreational activity for me. What I'm looking for are examples of beutiful ...
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1answer
334 views

Are there any known examples of spurious strong chess openings, which have been determined to be dubious with the introduction of the first engines?

I'm curious about the history of chess openings. Nowadays there is a lot of theory about what opening moves are considered mainstream and (near) optimal, such that either side can keep up with their ...
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1answer
721 views

What kind of gun is Alekhine's gun?

This question is about chess linguistics. Alekhine's gun is the pattern where the queen is placed behind two rooks. Who came up with the phrase? Is it clear which kind of gun they had in mind? In ...
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6answers
332 views

Amazing chess feats while in altered states of consciousness

This might seem an odd question, however out of personal curiousity, are there any documented accounts of amazing feats by players while in an altered state of consciousness? What I'm looking for ...
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2answers
1k views

Is there a collection of chess images in public domain?

I am looking for images of chess players, pieces, as well as any other graphics related to chess - public domain only.
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372 views

How did the Grand Prix Attack get its name?

The moves 1. e4 c5 2. Nc3 Nc6 3. f4 characterize the Grand Prix Attack in the Sicilian defense. [FEN "rnbqkbnr/pppppppp/8/8/8/8/PPPPPPPP/RNBQKBNR w KQkq - 0 1"] 1. e4 c5 2. Nc3 Nc6 3. f4 ...
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278 views

During the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Era, what was the rule for stalemate in France?

Wikipedia has a stalemate history section, but for France it only says: The forfeiture of Black's turn to move (medieval France) (Murray 1913:464–66) (Davidson 1981:64–65), although other medieval ...
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347 views

Chess as a De Jure National Sport or Pastime

Capoeira was declared the national sport of Brazil by law in 1972. Sri Lanka legally declared volleyball its national sport in 1992. I'm interested to know more about which countries have (or have ...
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375 views

How many Grandmasters have been stripped of their titles?

How many Grandmasters have been stripped of there titles? I heard about that GM in the bathroom. Thanks!
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Chess study methods / memorisation techniques from before the computer-based SRS era

Some of the other questions on SE discuss the use of spaced repetition systems such as Anki and Mnemosyne to learn tactics, openings and other aspects of chess (see especially Effectiveness of a ...
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1answer
121 views

What is the name or origin of this opening for Black?

I was playing online, and I noticed some players go for this opening and I don't know its name or if it's a move order to another opening for Black. [fen ""] 1. d4 g6 2. c4 Bg7 3. Nc3 c6 4. ...
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212 views

Did the Danish philosopher Soren Kierkegaard play chess?

The danish existentialist philosopher Soren Kierkegaard lived from 1813 to 1855. He writes in one of his journals (21st of May 1839): Original Danish Jeg lever i denne Tid omtrent som en Brik ...
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1answer
227 views

What happened to Alexander Alekhine's family?

Alexander Alekhine, the former World Chess Champion, came from a notable family in Russia. His father, Alexander Ivanovich, was apparently Privy Councilor to the Duma and a Marshal of the Nobility. ...
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1answer
170 views

Have any top players intentionally thrown a game for tournament reasons?

I'm thinking something similar to Women's Badminton at the 2012 Olympics. There, some pairs actively attempted to lose their games to gain a more favorable draw in the next round. Has anything like ...
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1answer
205 views

The Evolution of the K-Factor

The change in Elo ratings depends, among other things, on the K-factor (or development coefficient). Current rules FIDE Rating Regulations effective from 1 July 2017 give the following values: K = ...
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10answers
2k views

What are some chess songs? [closed]

What are some songs about chess? Historical songs; pop songs; singalong songs, hymns, anthems; whatever you can find.
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239 views

Professional match where neither player castles?

Are there any professional matches from serious players where neither player castles during the course of the game?
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531 views

Which rule was recently introduced/modified in chess officially?

Chess has lot of interesting rules such as castling, en passant, 50 move rule, stalemate, etc. I am interested in knowing the history behind the introduction of chess rules. Can anybody explain ...
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380 views

List of famous, but incorrect, chess problems

Surely it has happened, that a famous chess problem turned out to be incorrect because some move was overlooked. Maybe a chess engine found out that a classic problem was incorrect! Is there a ...
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1answer
964 views

What was the longest World Championship game?

The recently concluded Game 7 of the 2014 Carlsen-Anand match went to move 122 before a draw was reached due to insufficient material. Is this the longest game played in a World Chess Championship ...
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299 views

Why is this gambit also known as the Maltese Falcon Gambit?

Why is the Gibbins-Wiedehagen Gambit (1.d4 Nf6 2.g4) also known as the Maltese Falcon Attack (or Gambit)? Is there any specific reason for that?
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232 views

Franci de Castellvi - Narcis Vinyoles 18. … Qg6??, a blunder by black?

[Site "Valencia"] [Date "1475"] [White "Franci de Castellvi"] [Black "Narcis Vinyoles"] [Result "1-0"] [startply "36"] [FEN ""] 1. e4 d5 2. exd5 Qxd5 3. Nc3 Qd8 4. Bc4 Nf6 5. Nf3 Bg4 6. h3 ...
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133 views

What did R.H.M. stand for?

I have a number of old chess books published by R.H.M. Press. I am curious as to whether "R.H.M." are the initials of something or someone, and if so, what? As I understand it, R.H.M. Press was the ...
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279 views

What should be defined as an en passant checkmate?

Is there a general consensus among composers, players, and/or organizations for what exactly defines an en passant checkmate, and is there any history to it? As far as I know, there are two ...
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1answer
366 views

Where does the word 'gambit' come from?

According to Merriam Webster's Dictionary, a gambit is a chess opening in which a player risks one or more pawns or a minor piece to gain an advantage in position. But I was wondering, why do we ...
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1answer
175 views

Double Grob-Coca-cola Gambit?

I was using the opening explorer on Chess.com when I came upon the following line 1.g4 g5 2. f4 (Coca-cola gambit)!? How did this opening get its name? It sounds like Coca-cola walked up to Fide and ...
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240 views

Does anyone have a version of the 50x50 article by Nikita Plaksin?

In 1979, Nikita M. Plaksin published a reportedly fascinating article containing 50 problems all related to the 50 moves rule. Unfortunately I can't find it anywhere, the only links that I could find ...
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466 views

Did Karpov really only wash his hair when he lost?

At the recent Isle of Mann coverage, the topic of conversation was grandmaster superstitions, during which GM Simon Williams conveyed that Karpov would only wash his hair when he lost a game. ...
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93 views

What are the records for highest 1 year span performance rating?

I've heard that Bobby Fischer had a 2892 performance in 1971. If this is true, it's probably the highest performance, but I don't know if this is true. Does anyone have any information about this?
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234 views

What are the dates each of the endgame tablebases were completed?

I'm curious to get a rough sense for when chess could be solved if Moore's law, and algorithm improvements continue, and I thought a good way to get a rough idea would be to extrapolate based on when ...
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628 views

Adjusting in ones turn only

There is this touch-move rule which doesnt apply when the player says "Adjust" . Wikipedia says : To adjust the position of a piece on its square without being required to move it. A player ...
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1answer
299 views

Paul Morphy vs Henry Bird missing games.

The Historical Chess Ratings page claims that Paul Morphy played 12 games with Henry Bird, with a final score of 10.5 - 1.5 (Kasparov's book My Great Predecessors Part I also mentions this (page 55), ...
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1answer
588 views

Improvement of chess engines over time

Chess engine strength has increased considerably over time due to increase of computer strength, but also improvement in algorithms/parameters. Is there any statistics or graph out there which shows ...
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1answer
74 views

Did any other language than English ever use Descriptive notation? Which languages have always used Algebraic?

Descriptive notation seems to be limited to certain languages like English, and I found a Wikipedia article that mentions Spanish and French. I have never seen a Russian book that uses Descriptive, ...
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1answer
166 views

Professional Databases and Historical Games

I have tried to look for historical chess games (i.e. 19th century to early 20th century). I usually use Chessbase online database and chessgames.com. I have never paid for a database or database ...
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1answer
227 views

Complete game Szabo-Groszpeter, Kecskemet 1984

I'm looking for the complete game Szabo-Groszpeter, Kecskemet 1984. The following knight endgame was reached and White won eventually with the paradoxal move Kb8!! blocking his b-pawn on b7. [fen "8/...