Questions tagged [history]

Use this tag for questions relating to the history of chess and chess organizations, whose origins trace to the ancient Indian game of Chaturanga.

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7
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0answers
170 views

What is Indian Castling exactly?

Western castling doesn’t exist in historical Indian Chess (Chaturanga). Instead, in some versions, there is a cool move whereby each king can once in the game make a knight's move. I read that it is ...
4
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1answer
174 views

Double Grob-Coca-cola Gambit?

I was using the opening explorer on Chess.com when I came upon the following line 1.g4 g5 2. f4 (Coca-cola gambit)!? How did this opening get its name? It sounds like Coca-cola walked up to Fide and ...
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1answer
69 views

When did Bobby Fischer move from New York to California?

As title above, when did Bobby Fischer move from Brooklyn, New York, to California, where did he actually locate, and why did he leave New York?
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58 views

Most recent “best in world” player who would be defeated by a CM

Of the chess players who could reasonably be considered the best in the world in at least one year in history, how far back would you have to go before one of them would lose to a 2020 Candidate ...
5
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1answer
121 views

What is the name or origin of this opening for Black?

I was playing online, and I noticed some players go for this opening and I don't know its name or if it's a move order to another opening for Black. [fen ""] 1. d4 g6 2. c4 Bg7 3. Nc3 c6 4. ...
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1answer
126 views

Who was the first modern grandmaster?

According to Wikipedia, the modern system for awarding FIDE titles evolved from the "Dorazil" proposals, presented to the 1970 Siegen Chess Olympiad FIDE Congress. On the same Wikipedia page ...
2
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1answer
82 views

East and West German Chess

Interested in chess history, I wonder if there is an accessible data set that lists all players from East and West Germany in the 80's, ideally with information like the FIDE website (name, national ...
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0answers
21 views

Examples of Debunked Problems [duplicate]

Are there any problems that have solutions which have been debunked?
12
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2answers
309 views

Games won by the stalemated player?

Here is a quote from Davidson's "A short history of chess" (Link), chapter 8, which I used in an answer to an earlier question. [...] In Italy, however, from the very beginning, players ...
25
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1answer
2k views

When was it possible for a player's king to be attacked by 3 of the opponent's pieces?

According to the current FIDE Laws of Chess: 3.9.1 The king is said to be 'in check' if it is attacked by one or more of the opponent's pieces, even if such pieces are constrained from moving to ...
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0answers
22 views

Why Rashid Nezhmetdinov didn't achieve a grandmaster title? [duplicate]

Rashid Nezhmetdinov is one of the greatest chess player of all time. He destroyed Mikhail Tal many times. I know he was a great attacker but Tal also a great attacker. But why Rashid did not succeed ...
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2answers
594 views

How did classic masters like Alekhine and Anderson practice tactics?

How did classic masters like Alekhine an Anderson practice tactics? Surely there was no chess.com or chesstempo at that time. How did the masters back then manage to increase their tactical awareness?
5
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1answer
170 views

Have any top players intentionally thrown a game for tournament reasons?

I'm thinking something similar to Women's Badminton at the 2012 Olympics. There, some pairs actively attempted to lose their games to gain a more favorable draw in the next round. Has anything like ...
8
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1answer
696 views

Who were the first GMs, and how did they become GMs?

In order to qualify for the title of Grandmaster, a player must achieve three Grandmaster norms. This is not the place to go into detail about what those are; the pertinent point is that norms can ...
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2answers
662 views

Unknown Women International Masters

I am interested in the history of chess and, looking at the old FIDE rankings, I am a little puzzled by the lack of information about some strong Women International Masters, with a FIDE rating above ...
4
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2answers
133 views

What did R.H.M. stand for?

I have a number of old chess books published by R.H.M. Press. I am curious as to whether "R.H.M." are the initials of something or someone, and if so, what? As I understand it, R.H.M. Press was the ...
8
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1answer
798 views

What were Fischer's 179 demands for a World Championship rematch?

According to this video (at 4:25), Bobby Fischer made 179 demands for a rematch for a World Championship, after he won the title. What were those 179 demands?
3
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1answer
162 views

Three Pieces in the Attack

As a kid, my coach, an International Master, was repeating "if you have three pieces or more in the attack you can sacrifice without thinking!" However, don't take this rule too literally! Chess is ...
6
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1answer
187 views

Looking for an opening that had been wrongly evaluated for years

I'm looking for an opening I saw in a book (not a chess book). The opening was about 10 moves long, and the author stated that the evaluation after the last move shown had been considered for many ...
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1answer
98 views

Is Gilbert Guerrero a 2500 US player?

According to the FIDE website, Gilbert Guerrero is from the US federation and 2500 Elo. I have never heard of this player, who mates GM Campora in ... 11 moves! Here is the game from Chessgames.com ...
5
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1answer
205 views

The Evolution of the K-Factor

The change in Elo ratings depends, among other things, on the K-factor (or development coefficient). Current rules FIDE Rating Regulations effective from 1 July 2017 give the following values: K = ...
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3answers
1k views

What is the origin, or a early appearance, of this famous chess tale?

There is a story I have found across the Internet of an endgame between two players, usually named as Capablanca versus an extraterrestrial of some sort. According to the Spanish chess Wikipedia, the ...
5
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1answer
369 views

How many Grandmasters have been stripped of their titles?

How many Grandmasters have been stripped of there titles? I heard about that GM in the bathroom. Thanks!
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2answers
105 views

Bela Berger and Blindfold Chess: What do players “see” on the board?

I was looking at the interesting career of Bela Berger. On this oral history site, Bela Berger talks in an interview. Here is a quote from the site: "Berger, international chess master, speaks ...
2
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1answer
184 views

What is the “Gufeld Bishop”?

I have another question I am going to ask and answer. The other day, I was watching a chess24 video, and GM Jan Gustafsson mentioned the “Gufeld Bishop”. What is the “Gufeld Bishop”?
7
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1answer
108 views

“Back story” of the pieces legal moves

An acquaintance whose family was from Turkey, told me that the pieces move the way do based on ideas about Persian warfare. Moving in a rank or file was considered earthly, and moving diagonal was ...
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4answers
350 views

Why is it called a draw?

There's no information as to why it's called a draw. Some of my students start to take out a pencil and paper and literally draw in the middle of the game. Why is it called a draw?
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1answer
74 views

Did any other language than English ever use Descriptive notation? Which languages have always used Algebraic?

Descriptive notation seems to be limited to certain languages like English, and I found a Wikipedia article that mentions Spanish and French. I have never seen a Russian book that uses Descriptive, ...
4
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1answer
232 views

Franci de Castellvi - Narcis Vinyoles 18. … Qg6??, a blunder by black?

[Site "Valencia"] [Date "1475"] [White "Franci de Castellvi"] [Black "Narcis Vinyoles"] [Result "1-0"] [startply "36"] [FEN ""] 1. e4 d5 2. exd5 Qxd5 3. Nc3 Qd8 4. Bc4 Nf6 5. Nf3 Bg4 6. h3 ...
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0answers
48 views

Where to find cross table for 1956 Thanksgiving weekend Eastern Open?

Berliner won this tournament. Chess life/review reported it. Newspapers reported it. The Eastern Open in 1956 was Thanksgiving weekend in the YMCA in DC. Berliner won it. Rossolimo, Lombardy, ...
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2answers
1k views

What happened to the WCC?

Just found this rating list below while looking for other items. I vaguely remember hearing about WCC. What happened to them? All I find now for WCC is 'world chess championship'. Apparently they both ...
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2answers
257 views

Fixed games in chess-is it real or just a conspiracy theory? If real, how bad is it?

One famous case of fixed chess games is the Keres vs. Botvinnik World Championship 1948. I ran across this example while looking for other such chess games from history. It is known that Stalin was ...
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1answer
3k views

Who did Kasparov call a talented amateur?

I heard that Kasparov called some strong player a talented amateur? Who was that? Thanks.
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3answers
6k views

Why wasn’t Rashid Nezhmetdinov a grandmaster?

He won the Russian championship 5 times, so why wasn’t he a grandmaster?
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0answers
85 views

Old versions of FIDE laws of chess? [duplicate]

Is it possible to view or obtain old versions of the FIDE Laws of Chess? I would like to trace the history of when various rules were added or modified. The FIDE handbook only goes back as far as ...
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9answers
3k views

How can someone find their Morphy number?

The Morphy number is a measure of how closely a chess player is connected to Paul Morphy (1837–1884) by way of playing chess games. It's analogous to the Erdős Number for mathematicians. People who ...
3
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1answer
212 views

How bad a chess player was Alan Turing?

It is interesting that while Turing is considered a creative genius at a level I am not sure how to characterize but he was certainly very important and successful in the code-breaking efforts during ...
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3answers
1k views

Why are there no more adjournments?

I keep reading about adjournments in books, but why don't we use them anymore? They seem like cool analysis sessions.
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5answers
5k views

Why have engines not increased top rated chess players' Elo?

The arrival of strong chess engines as Stockfish, Houdini or Rybka allow top players to deeply prepare lines in openings or to study better endgames. I would expect a rating increase of top players. ...
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2answers
235 views

Nationality of the Azerbaijan Shakhriyar Mamedyarov and Teimour Radjabov

I hope this kind of question is allowed. In any case, I want to clarify that there is no intention for racism or political arguments, etc. It is just a sincere wonder from the anthropological point of ...
14
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3answers
7k views

Was playing with both hands ever allowed in chess?

I was watching this video on Youtube of an Armageddon game between Vladimir Kramnik and Garry Kasparov which happened in 1995. It can be seen that Kasparov is using both of his hands for some moves. (...
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1answer
385 views

Puzzling phrases

While reading about Paul Morphy's games I have come across several instances of phrases like "playing his fellow townsmen at odds of Knight or Rook" or "he extended his offer of Pawn and move to any ...
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2answers
377 views

List of famous, but incorrect, chess problems

Surely it has happened, that a famous chess problem turned out to be incorrect because some move was overlooked. Maybe a chess engine found out that a classic problem was incorrect! Is there a ...
3
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3answers
212 views

What is it about Soviet born players that makes them winners in the brutal 128-player knockout format of the World Cup?

Teimour Radjabov has just won the World Cup. The first two FIDE World Cups, in 2000 and 2002 had 4 groups of 6 players with the 2 group winners going into an 8-player knockout. They were both won by ...
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3answers
109 views

How has the frequency of FIDE rating lists changed over the years?

Today FIDE publishes a new rating list once a month. When FIDE first started publishing official lists in 1971 they came out once a year. How has the frequency changed over the years? When did the ...
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2answers
93 views

What are the records for highest 1 year span performance rating?

I've heard that Bobby Fischer had a 2892 performance in 1971. If this is true, it's probably the highest performance, but I don't know if this is true. Does anyone have any information about this?
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2answers
240 views

Does anyone have a version of the 50x50 article by Nikita Plaksin?

In 1979, Nikita M. Plaksin published a reportedly fascinating article containing 50 problems all related to the 50 moves rule. Unfortunately I can't find it anywhere, the only links that I could find ...
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2answers
177 views

Cases of grandmasters renouncing titles, tournament victories, etc?

Apart from Bobby Fischer "renouncing", in a sense, the World Championship title in 1975, are there any other famous cases from chess history of strong players voluntarily renouncing titles, tournament ...
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4answers
9k views

What does this chess proverb mean?

"Chess is a sea where a gnat may drink from and an elephant may bathe in." ~ Anonymous The above proverb is scattered everywhere throughout chess literature, folklore and even software. I have never ...
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5answers
9k views

Why do players in the past play much longer tournaments than today's top players?

Looking through the history of chess we find tournaments that are significantly longer than today's, e.g. London 1899 - 15 players, double round robin New York 1924 - 11 players, double round robin ...