Questions tagged [history]

Use this tag for questions relating to the history of chess and chess organizations, whose origins trace to the ancient Indian game of Chaturanga.

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Who is the lowest ranked player to have won the qualifiers and challenge for the world championship?

It would be interesting to know their global rank based on their rating (e.g. according to the official FIDE World Ranking List) at the time of the qualification, the world championship match, and ...
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USSR Championships vs Candidates strength

The USSR championships and the Candidates tournaments are two of the strongest tournaments in history. The USSR championship was typically a round robin event (sometimes Swiss), where top Soviet ...
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What type of notation is "B3", as used by Lasker?

In Logical Chess: Move By Move by Irving Chernev (1957), in Game 3, it reads Emanuel Lasker, World Champion for 27 years, says of this move, “In my practice I have usually found it strongest to post ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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Which GM said something along the lines of "I can beat any chess engine; just give me time enough (to prevent blunders)"

So I guess I read this long time ago -most probably in the 2000s, when engines started to beat humans. I just have no idea who said it, but I guess it was not a top player at that moment (say Kasparov ...
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1 vote
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Countermove without notation

Quoting the FIDE rules (E8.1§3): "A player may reply to his opponent’s move before recording it, if he so wishes. He must record his previous move before making another." Quoting any arbiter:...
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3 votes
1 answer
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What was the highest rated classical game that was lost on time?

Recently, I came across a game Vishwanathan Anand vs Veselin Topalov from Norway Chess 2022. In the second round, Anand who was playing with the black pieces won on time against Topalov as his clock ...
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14 votes
2 answers
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Game in James Bond film "From Russia with love"

The beginning of the James Bond film From Russia with love (1963) portrays the end of a game between the fictional characters Kronsteen (Czechoslovakia) and Macadams (Canada) in the last and decisive ...
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3 answers
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Was there a chess piece—elephant, knight or rook—rendered as a being looking into two directions?

I have found a chess set of unknown origin with ducks as pieces. Simple ducks for pawns, king and queen crowned and big, okay, but then, for rook, knight and bishop, I don't know. There is a duck ...
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3 answers
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"Highest" level of illegal move

For example, was a GM ever caught on an illegal move? Of course, only standard time control (everybody still remembers Carlsen-Inarkiev, but that was a blitz game) and after FIDE codification of chess ...
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10 votes
2 answers
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History of physical fitness in the world championships

Who can forget this picture from Kortchnoi's preparation for his 1981 match against Karpov? More on Kortchnoi's physical preparation for the match in Merano in this 1986 documentary made by English ...
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Russian chess school maxim: draw after loss (?)

I seem to remember a maxim attributed to the Russian chess school, "after two losses, draw the next game (however good the position may seem)". Does somebody know the exact saying and to ...
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What test is Fischer referring to when describing 1.e4 as "best by test"?

Famously, Bobby Fischer describes the first move 1. e4 as "best by test". However, Bobby Fischer exclusively opened his games with 1.e4... “Best by test: 1.e4” (Bobby Fischer) Actually, ...
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9 votes
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Lowest rated player(s) who earned a GM norm

Who had the lowest rating when they earned at least one GM norm?
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3 votes
1 answer
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In the evolution of chess, was there ever a version in which any piece could capture a pawn en passant?

Relevant similar question: Why can't a piece (that isn't a pawn) capture en passant? Question: When the game of chess evolved differently in various regions, was there any case in which the addition ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Why are some chess championships defended while others have the champion starting from scratch?

For example, the World Chess Championship as of the past few cycles had a candidates to determine who faces the previous champion. Same with world women's chess championship (at least as of recently). ...
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1 vote
2 answers
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Chess players with FM, IM or GM, starting career after 40?

I started my chess career very late. I knew precise knowledge about Chess at age 41. The first tournament I shared was when I 42 years old; I got performance rating of 1050. Could you give me hope? I'...
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4 answers
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Looking for free versions of older chess engines

In connection with another project, I am looking on the internet for some free versions of older chess engines, such as some of the old Chessmaster engines from the 1990s. I would even take an old ...
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7 votes
1 answer
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Elo disadvantage due to one pawn move in Indian Chess

In Indian chess, the pawn doesn't move two squares, however in the western chess, pawn can move two squares. Now, since the pawn can't move 2 in the Indian style, the fianchetto is a natural square to ...
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1 answer
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Actual cases of a "frivolous draw offer"

Having been inspired by a recent question here, here is another. FIDE §E11.5 prohibits "unreasonable offers of a draw". Some specific cases which might get frowned upon by your opponent, ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
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Abbreviation: GM or IGM?

Recently I was browsing old issues of my clubzine when I tripped over "IGM". Wait, aren't all Grandmasters international by default? But I'm old enough to remember that the abbreviation &...
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10 votes
3 answers
1k views

What inspired the touch move rule?

This is the touch move rule: If a player deliberately touches a piece on the board when it is their turn to move, then they must move or capture that piece if it is legal to do so. Where did this ...
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4 votes
1 answer
496 views

Where does the name of the Guatemalan Defense come from?

I recall reading a story that the Guatemalan Defense (1. ... b6, 2. ... Ba6) is named after a game of correspondence chess that was played between (presumably some chess team representing) Guatemala ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Literarily weak knights

When I was young, the knight was sometimes lousy and knights took the cake. It happened more than once that I hammered a knight sacrifice into the rows of my opponent during blitz...the effect being ...
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4 votes
1 answer
368 views

History of convention for king & queen placement

As stated in this question, the convention that the player with the lighter-coloured pieces makes the first move was not established until fairly late in the 19th century. Before then, what convention ...
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3 answers
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What is the origin of the chess pieces' movements?

Why do pieces move the way they do? Was there any reason behind the decision in the early history of chess? This Quora post for example mentions (no citations): Queen can give directions. And she can ...
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8 votes
0 answers
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Black beginning (specifically, the Immortal)

By CPT (or better: the Chess version thereof) if a game is opened by Black, you can transpose it to the standard version (by swapping board, colors and move rights) and there is no visible difference. ...
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3 votes
3 answers
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Why did Bobby Fischer make his demands in the 1975 World Chess Championship?

Many topics ask about Fischer's demands in the 1975 World Chess Championship between him and Karpov, but I've never found the reason Fischer made these demands. In particular: If the result is 9-9, ...
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7 votes
1 answer
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Is today's World Championship game the first with a symmetrical position and one file completely occupied?

After 8 moves in the 8th game between Carlsen and Nepomniatchi this position was reached. [FEN "r2qk2r/pppb1ppp/3b4/3p4/3P4/3B4/PPPB1PPP/R2QK2R w - - 0 1"] The position is perfectly ...
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8 votes
1 answer
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What did FIDE do/say in response to Magnus Carlsen's non-participation in the candidates match for the 2011 world championship?

In Why did Magnus Carlsen drop out of World Championship in 2011? we see magnus said After careful consideration I’ve reached the conclusion that the ongoing 2008–2012 cycle does not represent a ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Books on old tournaments

I'm interested in books covering the major chess tournaments between 1880 and 1930, roughly speaking. I would prefer the official tournament books, like this one, but translated in English. Can I buy ...
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9 votes
2 answers
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What previous results match/compare to Alireza Firouzja's 3000+ performance in the European Team Championships?

Firouzja has just scored 8/9 against opposition with an average rating of 2664 - 7 wins and 2 draws. According to the video clip in this tweet his performance rating was 3017. According to chess-...
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-5 votes
1 answer
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Is Agasthya Smriti containing the Original Chess Strategy available in public Domain?

Saint Agasthya was the most knowledgeable person of the 8000 yrs ago period. He is credited for: The Martial Arts (Kalari Paytu), Chemical based Medicines specially for Venom treatment, Game of Chess ...
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14 votes
2 answers
709 views

Is anything known about the chess game at the Vostok station that resulted in murder?

Multiple sources on the Internet describe a murder at the Soviet Vostok station in Antarctica over a game of chess. Supposedly, the losing player was upset enough to attack their opponent with an axe. ...
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2 votes
0 answers
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What is the actual and/or expected effect of the pandemic shutdowns on ratings?

As we're all aware, many over-the-board tournaments were canceled in the past couple of years. Some of them are coming back now, but many ratings are outdated. For example, in a recent tournament, one ...
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4 votes
0 answers
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What exactly happened between Georg Meier and Elisabeth Paehtz / the German chess federation?

Today in chess news is German GM Georg Meier transferring to the Uruguayan chess federation. Meier alleges a dispute with fellow German player Elisabeth Paehtz, and a lack of support from the German ...
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2 votes
0 answers
75 views

Ossip Bernstein's Game

I just came to know about the story of the great chessmaster Ossip Bernstein about how he was offered to play a game of chess to save his life (details here). My question is, is that game available ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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What is the history of the Shanzi Wall Opening?

in a recent Eric Rosen video, he played against someone who used an opening which he calls the "Shanzi Wall Opening". He briefly demonstrates the moves to this opening at the end, but he ...
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7 votes
2 answers
1k views

Has a "resignation blunder" ever been refused?

I was reading the question Has there been any blunders in resignation? and it occurred to me that a particularly good sportsman might refuse to accept an opponent's resignation if they knew the ...
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22 votes
2 answers
4k views

Has there been any blunders in resignation?

We know that despite what is shown in the movies and such, most chess games don't end by a "checkmate" move and oftentimes one side realizes that they are losing and resigns before the end. ...
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3 answers
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How do I find data to determine records like the youngest person to obtain a certain title?

A. Background: Under Mobeus Zoom's suggestion here: List of records for youngest superGMs since 1950? (or 1970 or whenever FIDE started rating people. or basically after 2700s after Fischer) (this is ...
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List of records for youngest WFMs (woman FIDE masters) since 1950 (or whenever)? [duplicate]

On Wiki, we have the List of youngest grandmasters since 1950. What about WFMs (woman FIDE masters) instead of GMs? Note 1: I really mean to ask about WFMs (females who obtain the female exclusive ...
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-4 votes
2 answers
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List of records for youngest WCMs (woman candidate masters) since 1950? [duplicate]

Re the close: If it was really a duplicate then why didn't Brian Towers♦ answer on the other post? Checkmate! On Wiki, we have the List of youngest grandmasters since 1950. What about WCMs (woman ...
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-2 votes
1 answer
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List of records for youngest female international masters since 1950? [duplicate]

Note: I really mean female IMs and not WIMs All IM version: List of records for youngest international masters since 1950? WIM version: List of records for youngest WIMs (woman international masters) ...
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1 answer
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List of records for the youngest FIDE masters since 1950?

Edit based on answer given by blunderchess1236 awhile ago: I'm not looking for just 1 person like who most recently attained the youngest (Alekhine Nouri). I'm asking also who held the record for ...
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List of records for youngest superWGMs since 1950?

On Wiki, we have a list for List of youngest grandmasters since 1950. What about superWGMs (any female player who has reached 2500+ or has become GM, whether or not they were actual WGMs so as to ...
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-4 votes
2 answers
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List of records for youngest superGMs since 1950? (or 1970 or whenever FIDE started rating people. or basically after 2700s after Fischer)

On Wiki, we have the List of youngest grandmasters since 1950. What about superGMs (defined anyone who has reached 2700+ peak FIDE standard) instead of GMs: where can I find a list for the youngest to ...
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-2 votes
1 answer
185 views

List of records for youngest female grandmasters since 1950?

On Wiki, we have a list for List of youngest grandmasters since 1950. What about female GMs (really female GMs and not WGMs) instead of GMs? I guess the list ends with Judit Polgar, Koneru Humpy and ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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Are all female grandmasters alive (as of the date of this post, 2021Sep01)?

Really female GMs and not WGMs. I notice here there's a 'deceased' list for female IMs but none for female GMs. Is it really the case that there are only 38 females awarded GM title in history and ...
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12 votes
1 answer
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Has there ever been a consultation chess match?

Inspired by How much stronger is a team of GMs compared to a single GM? All the chess matches I'm aware of have been 1v1. There have been team competitions such as the Olympiads, but I am not sure if ...
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6 votes
1 answer
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Why did the USCF stop using a "grandmaster" title in 1961?

I was somewhat surprised to learn recently that the USCF used to use a ratings-based "Grandmaster" title, which was a title above "Senior Master". It seems that this was not a ...
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