Skip to main content

Questions tagged [history]

Use this tag for questions relating to the history of chess and chess organizations, whose origins trace to the ancient Indian game of Chaturanga.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
1 vote
0 answers
35 views

Photo of Marcus Kann?

Does anyone know if this photo is in fact Marcus Kann? Are there any better photographs that exist of him?
-1 votes
3 answers
122 views

Is a mechanical, Turk-like, purely mechanical self-moving chess set with decent AI possible?

We all know the Mechanical Turk was a dummy machine controlled by human players. However, given technology has progressed, it theoretically possible to build a purely mechanical (no modern electronics)...
14 votes
2 answers
3k views

Has there ever been a consultation chess match?

Inspired by How much stronger is a team of GMs compared to a single GM? All the chess matches I'm aware of have been 1v1. There have been team competitions such as the Olympiads, but I am not sure if ...
3 votes
1 answer
815 views

Is Rubezov still alive?

Anatoly Rubezov vs Georgy Borisenko (1960) was a famous correspondence game. [Event "USSR Correspondence Championship"] [Site "?"] [Date "1960.??.??"] [EventDate "?&...
0 votes
0 answers
35 views

Why didn't/don't all chess armageddon have auction?

Quote: Armageddon Chess is a fair tie-break system only if the two players bid for how much time Black should have. Foolishly most times I see Armageddon specified there is no bidding. Instead the ...
-1 votes
1 answer
46 views

What happens if drawn matches are decided by black wins (if any)?

In some round robins or swiss, there are score tiebreakers based on black wins, like the 2022 Accentus Chess960 tournament and the 2023 USCC. Never mind those. My question is for knockouts. Obviously ...
-1 votes
0 answers
51 views

Roulette as tiebreak in 1983 candidates

From What are some cases where a drawn match went to the player w/ more black wins? : In the 1980 – 1981 candidates, where Lajos Portisch, as black, beat Boris Spassky in the 1st game of their ...
-1 votes
1 answer
23 views

What are some cases where a drawn match went to the player w/ more black wins?

In some round robins or swiss, there are score tiebreakers based on black wins, like the 2022 Accentus Chess960 tournament. Never mind those. My question is for knockouts. Obviously this doesn't work ...
2 votes
2 answers
2k views

Why WAS initial rating of FIDE calculated that strangely?

Let suppose an unrated player plays a FIDE rated swiss tournament where its opponent's ratings are e.g. 1300,2000,2100,2200,2300 and wins all of them, then his initial rating will be 2100 according to ...
9 votes
2 answers
428 views

Who was the last Indian player to beat Vishy, and when?

The question came to mind following today's game between Vishy (Viswanathan Anand) and the young Raunak Sadhwani at the Isle of Man 2018 Tournament. Has Vishy been beaten by an Indian player since, ...
27 votes
3 answers
12k views

How did castling originate?

Castling to me has always seemed like such a huge leap in terms of game play that I've always wondered how it came to be. Does anyone know the history behind how and why castling came to be?
3 votes
1 answer
88 views

"Fish" for a patzer

When I coined the German version "Blindfisch" for a patzer, in my Sturm und Drang youth, I maybe was influenced by "fish" (I read everything chess that I could get my hands on, so ...
2 votes
1 answer
85 views

Does anyone know the history of the Moscow variation of the Sicilian defense? It's now referred to as the Canal Attack

The variation starts 1. e4 c5 2. Nf3 d6 3. Bb5+. It is considered an anti-Sicilian, and though I can find the theory behind it, I'm having a hard time tracking down any history. I checked the Oxford ...
6 votes
0 answers
142 views

How did the Omaha Gambit get its name?

I was recently playing the Vienna Gambit as white on chess.com and was surprised to see a variation called the "Omaha gambit." [Title "Vienna Game: Omaha Gambit"] [StartPly "5&...
5 votes
2 answers
1k views

How did the Grand Prix Attack get its name?

The moves 1. e4 c5 2. Nc3 Nc6 3. f4 characterize the Grand Prix Attack in the Sicilian defense. [Title "Grand Prix Attack"] [StartPly "5"] [FEN "rnbqkbnr/pppppppp/8/8/8/8/...
18 votes
1 answer
4k views

What are the origins of the words 'zwischenzug' and 'zugzwang'?

I've heard chess analysts use the words Zugzwang (being forced to make a bad move) and Zwischenzug (making an intermediate move which improves the outcome of the next move) in commentary. Does anyone ...
-2 votes
2 answers
231 views

What are examples of tournaments/games 60 minutes to below 120 minutes, and how does FIDE classify them?

What are some examples of tournaments or games where their time controls convert to at least 60 minutes but below 120 minutes, and then how does FIDE classify them (eg rapid or classical)? Supposedly ...
-2 votes
2 answers
205 views

What did Bobby Fischer say about how chess960 should be implemented?

Edit re the 2 close votes for opinion-based: This is as factual as it gets. I'm asking Bobby's opinion of how tournaments should go. I never asked people's opinions of how tournaments should go or if ...
2 votes
0 answers
68 views

What do the flags 'i', 'ie', 'in', 'n', 'w', 'wi', 'win', 'wn' mean in old FIDE rating lists?

I'm going through some old rating lists https://ratings.fide.com/download.phtml?period=2001-01-01 to be precise and came across these flags 'i', 'ie', 'in', 'n', 'w', 'wi', 'win', 'wn' I know that i = ...
2 votes
1 answer
180 views

Was Julio Kaplan the first to play 8. f4 Qc7 9. g4 idea against 7. ... Be6 in classical Najdorf?

In old mainline of Be2 Najdorf black played 7. ... Be6 instead of, today practically automatic, 7. ... Be7. This is because 7. ... Be6 is today considered dubious due to this idea: [fen ""] [...
4 votes
1 answer
200 views

Seeking a transcript of Hope vs. Fischer, 1972

On one of Bob Hope's television specials in 1972, Bobby Fischer appeared with him in a skit about himself (Fischer). The two also sat down at a board and sort-of played a game. (The moves were not all ...
7 votes
1 answer
1k views

What is the legend of Ossip Bernstein, who supposedly played chess to save his life?

Wikipedia article reads as following: A famous story goes that in 1918, after the October Revolution, Bernstein was arrested in Odessa by the Cheka (Bolshevik secret police). He was ordered to be ...
0 votes
1 answer
91 views

Regarding the wide repertoires of world champions

I am making a Fischer-esque repertoire, E4 as white and KID and Sicilian against D4 and E4 respectively. But I cannot help but wonder why almost all the world champions except for Fischer had very ...
3 votes
1 answer
130 views

At what age did Szymon Winawer learn chess?

Szymon Winaver was one of the best players in the late 19th century and is today remembered by Winaver variation of the French defence. It is well known that he first participated in international ...
2 votes
1 answer
77 views

Game Analysis Techniques of Grandmasters in the 1970s for World Chess Championships

I'm interested in the historical aspect of chess, particularly in how grandmasters prepared and analyzed their games during significant events like the World Chess Championships in the 1970s. My ...
7 votes
2 answers
4k views

How many grandmasters have been stripped of their titles?

How many grandmasters have been stripped of their grandmaster titles? I heard about a GM using a phone in the bathroom who had his taken away, and was wondering what other circumstances have resulted ...
2 votes
1 answer
50 views

Number of Games in the Upcoming World Classical Chess Championship: Comparison with Previous Championships

I'm curious about the format of the upcoming World Classical Chess Championship. Historically, the number of games in these championships has varied. For instance, the Carlsen-Karjakin championship in ...
2 votes
1 answer
244 views

What is the source of this famous quote often attributed to Mikhail Tal?

"There are two types of sacrifices in chess, sound ones and my own." I have often encountered this amusing quotation often attributed to Tal in my reading and in online discourse. I have ...
2 votes
1 answer
436 views

Where can I find past Titled Tuesday data

I'm hoping to create a dataset with Chess.com Titled Tuesday results. I have found this link which has the tournaments https://www.chess.com/tournament/live/titled-tuesdays?&page=7 but for some ...
0 votes
1 answer
72 views

Which Chess Notation is Most Commonly Used in Grandmaster Classic Games?

I'm interested in understanding the preferred method of notation used in classic games played by grandmasters. Specifically, I'd like to know which version of writing the moves of a game is more ...
69 votes
2 answers
16k views

When (if ever) was it a rule that pawn promotion was optional?

I'm reading a very old chess book ("The Chess Pocket Manual" by G.H.D. Gossip, copyright 1894), and I find this passage in it's section on "The Laws of Chess": When a Pawn has reached the eighth ...
4 votes
1 answer
753 views

When was the last time Magnus Carlsen lost 2 classical games in a row to the same player besides to Wesley So?

Related questions: When was the last time Magnus Carlsen lost 3 classical games in a row besides to Wesley So? When was the last time Magnus Carlsen lost 2 classical games in a row to the same ...
5 votes
1 answer
183 views

What happened actually in the game Kreschmer - Laue, Aisenach 1951?

[Title "Kretschmar vs. Laue, 1951"] [fen "7k/3R2pq/pb3N2/1p4Qp/5p2/1PP2P1P/1P4PK/4r3 w - - 0 1"] In a German book, Spass am Kombinieren (Joy of Combination) by Albin Pötzsch, it ...
13 votes
3 answers
871 views

When has the FIDE rule against bringing the game into disrepute been invoked (if ever)?

In the current FIDE Laws of Chess article 11.1 says: 11.1 The players shall take no action that will bring the game of chess into disrepute. I have heard elderly arbiters fulminating about some ...
0 votes
1 answer
110 views

Who is the most unfortunate player in chess history? [closed]

I'm interested in candidates for a "most unfortunate chess player award". A player qualifies, if he has had exceptionally bad luck (especially chess-related (e.g. coming second, losing due ...
13 votes
7 answers
2k views

Games that are famous because of their underlying story

I would like this question to be Community Wiki because I hope to collect several answers. Can you name famous games where part of the fame comes from the circumstances surrounding the game? I hope it ...
1 vote
2 answers
544 views

Fixed games in chess-is it real or just a conspiracy theory? If real, how bad is it?

One famous case of fixed chess games is the Keres vs. Botvinnik World Championship 1948. I ran across this example while looking for other such chess games from history. It is known that Stalin was ...
2 votes
2 answers
210 views

Are Elo ratings comparable across history?

It is fun to speculate how the great players of today would fare against those of the past. With the advance in knowledge of the openings, particularly aided by computers, a leading modern player ...
3 votes
1 answer
192 views

Do top players get discouraged if they cannot beat the best player in the world?

Magnus Carlsen has been the best player in the world for a decade. The other top players try, but they haven't been able to beat Carlsen, who's consistently 50+ elo above them. Do the other top ...
23 votes
2 answers
4k views

Have there been any blunders in resignation?

We know that despite what is shown in the movies and such, most chess games don't end by a "checkmate" move and oftentimes one side realizes that they are losing and resigns before the end. ...
0 votes
1 answer
189 views

How rare are double forks in high-level games?

I was playing a blitz game, when I saw my chance to produce an amusing position, to which my opponent unknowingly obliged; I was able to fork their rooks with my queen and rook simultaneously. [Title &...
4 votes
2 answers
4k views

List of female chess players by peak FIDE rating

Update: The answer currently doesn't include countries and other trivia like in the original one. Please consider posting an answer with at least the countries or editing current answer to include ...
1 vote
2 answers
660 views

List of female chess players by peak FIDE rating with countries?

same question as here but with countries please. hopefully we can have a list as close to the original wiki page as possible. I'll start: 1 - Hungary - Judit Polgar - 2735 - 2005-07 - 1976 - N/A - ...
-2 votes
1 answer
269 views

According to Wikipedia, only three women have EVER been top 100 in chess. How many men have ever been top 100?

From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Women_in_chess "Three women, Maia Chiburdanidze, Polgár, and Hou Yifan, have been ranked in the world's top 100 players." That is, right now, there are not ...
3 votes
1 answer
237 views

Books on old tournaments

I'm interested in books covering the major chess tournaments between 1880 and 1930, roughly speaking. I would prefer the official tournament books, like this one, but translated in English. Can I buy ...
3 votes
3 answers
2k views

What test is Fischer referring to when describing 1.e4 as "best by test"?

Famously, Bobby Fischer describes the first move 1. e4 as "best by test". However, Bobby Fischer exclusively opened his games with 1.e4... “Best by test: 1.e4” (Bobby Fischer) Actually, ...
6 votes
0 answers
2k views

What exactly happened between Georg Meier and Elisabeth Paehtz / the German chess federation?

Today in chess news is German GM Georg Meier transferring to the Uruguayan chess federation. Meier alleges a dispute with fellow German player Elisabeth Paehtz, and a lack of support from the German ...
5 votes
1 answer
154 views

Who is the Hübsch gambit named after?

According to Lichess, the Hübsch gambit starts with 1. d4 Nf6 2. Nc3 d5 3. e4: [FEN "rnbqkbnr/pppppppp/8/8/8/8/PPPPPPPP/RNBQKBNR w KQkq - 0 1"] 1. d4 Nf6 2. Nc3 d5 3. e4 This article ...
3 votes
2 answers
228 views

Chess players in tv commercials?

There are a lot of tv commercials featuring football players, cricket players, etc. How about chess players? Two commercials come to mind. Kasparov vs Machine Pepsi Commercial Korchnoi Milk ...
3 votes
1 answer
95 views

Relationship between chess and communist idealogy in USSR -- Central Planning?

I had a conversation with a guy who I think was studying history and was a decent chess player and he said that in the USSR chess and dialectical materialism were considered related. The usual reason ...

1
2 3 4 5
8