Questions tagged [history]

Use this tag for questions relating to the history of chess and chess organizations, whose origins trace to the ancient Indian game of Chaturanga.

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148 views

Why did Bobby Fischer make his demands in the 1975 World Chess Championship?

Many topics ask about Fischer's demands in the 1975 World Chess Championship between him and Karpov, but I've never found the reason Fischer made these demands. In particular: If the result is 9-9, ...
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50 views

First World Championship game with symmetrical position and one file completely occupied?

After 8 moves in today's game between Carlsen and Nepomniatchi this position was reached: [fen "r2qk2r/pppb1ppp/3b4/3p4/3P4/3B4/PPPB1PPP/R2QK2R w - - 0 1"] The position is perfectly ...
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What did FIDE do/say in response to Magnus Carlsen's non-participation in the candidates match for the 2011 world championship?

In Why did Magnus Carlsen drop out of World Championship in 2011? we see magnus said After careful consideration I’ve reached the conclusion that the ongoing 2008–2012 cycle does not represent a ...
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Books on old tournaments

I'm interested in books covering the major chess tournaments between 1880 and 1930, roughly speaking. I would prefer the official tournament books, like this one, but translated in English. Can I buy ...
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What previous results match/compare to Alireza Firouzja's 3000+ performance in the European Team Championships?

Firouzja has just scored 8/9 against opposition with an average rating of 2664 - 7 wins and 2 draws. According to the video clip in this tweet his performance rating was 3017. According to chess-...
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1answer
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Is Agasthya Smriti containing the Original Chess Strategey available in public Domain?

Saint Agasthya, was the most knowledgeable person of the 8000 yrs ago period. He is credited for: The Martial Arts (Kalari Paytu), Chemical based Medicines specially for Venom treatment, Game of ...
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175 views

Is anything known about the chess game at the Vostok station that resulted in murder

Multiple sources on the Internet describe the murder at the Soviet Vostok station in Antarctica over a game of chess. Supposedly, the losing player was upset enough to attack their opponent with an ...
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What is the actual and/or expected effect of the pandemic shutdowns on ratings?

As we're all aware, many over-the-board tournaments were canceled in the past couple of years. Some of them are coming back now, but many ratings are outdated. For example, in a recent tournament, one ...
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What exactly happened between Georg Meier and Elisabeth Paehtz / the German chess federation?

Today in chess news is German GM Georg Meier transferring to the Uruguayan chess federation. Meier alleges a dispute with fellow German player Elisabeth Paehtz, and a lack of support from the German ...
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Ossip Bernstein's Game

I just came to know about the story of the great chessmaster Ossip Bernstein about how he was offered to play a game of chess to save his life (details here). My question is, is that game available ...
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What is the history of the Shanzi Wall Opening?

in a recent Eric Rosen video, he played against someone who used an opening which he calls the "Shanzi Wall Opening". He briefly demonstrates the moves to this opening at the end, but he ...
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Has a "resignation blunder" ever been refused?

I was reading the question Has there been any blunders in resignation? and it occurred to me that a particularly good sportsman might refuse to accept an opponent's resignation if they knew the ...
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Has there been any blunders in resignation?

We know that despite what is shown in the movies and such, most chess games don't end by a "checkmate" move and oftentimes one side realizes that they are losing and resigns before the end. ...
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Ok fine, how do I answer questions like records for youngest to obtain a certain title?

A. Background: Under Mobeus Zoom's suggestion here: List of records for youngest superGMs since 1950? (or 1970 or whenever FIDE started rating people. or basically after 2700s after Fischer) (this is ...
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1answer
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List of records for youngest WFMs (woman FIDE masters) since 1950 (or whenever)? [duplicate]

On Wiki, we have the List of youngest grandmasters since 1950. What about WFMs (woman FIDE masters) instead of GMs? Note 1: I really mean to ask about WFMs (females who obtain the female exclusive ...
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List of records for youngest WCMs (woman candidate masters) since 1950? [duplicate]

Re the close: If it was really a duplicate then why didn't Brian Towers♦ answer on the other post? Checkmate! On Wiki, we have the List of youngest grandmasters since 1950. What about WCMs (woman ...
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1answer
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List of records for youngest female international masters since 1950? [duplicate]

Note: I really mean female IMs and not WIMs All IM version: List of records for youngest international masters since 1950? WIM version: List of records for youngest WIMs (woman international masters) ...
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120 views

List of records for the youngest FIDE masters since 1950?

Edit based on answer given by blunderchess1236 awhile ago: I'm not looking for just 1 person like who most recently attained the youngest (Alekhine Nouri). I'm asking also who held the record for ...
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List of records for youngest superWGMs since 1950?

On Wiki, we have a list for List of youngest grandmasters since 1950. What about superWGMs (any female player who has reached 2500+ or has become GM, whether or not they were actual WGMs so as to ...
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List of records for youngest superGMs since 1950? (or 1970 or whenever FIDE started rating people. or basically after 2700s after Fischer)

On Wiki, we have the List of youngest grandmasters since 1950. What about superGMs (defined anyone who has reached 2700+ peak FIDE standard) instead of GMs: where can I find a list for the youngest to ...
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1answer
169 views

List of records for youngest female grandmasters since 1950?

On Wiki, we have a list for List of youngest grandmasters since 1950. What about female GMs (really female GMs and not WGMs) instead of GMs? I guess the list ends with Judit Polgar, Koneru Humpy and ...
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Are all female grandmasters alive (as of the date of this post, 2021Sep01)?

Really female GMs and not WGMs. I notice here there's a 'deceased' list for female IMs but none for female GMs. Is it really the case that there are only 38 females awarded GM title in history and ...
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Has there ever been a consultation chess match?

Inspired by How much stronger is a team of GMs compared to a single GM? All the chess matches I'm aware of have been 1v1. There have been team competitions such as the Olympiads, but I am not sure if ...
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Why did the USCF stop using a "grandmaster" title in 1961?

I was somewhat surprised to learn recently that the USCF used to use a ratings-based "Grandmaster" title, which was a title above "Senior Master". It seems that this was not a ...
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Who was the quickest from "unrated" to GM?

What player attained the GM title in the shortest amount of time, beginning from their entry into organized (rated) chess, to the award of the title (either via attaining norms, or by direct award)? ...
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List of female chess players by their peak FIDE rapid rating

Similar to these questions: List of female chess players by peak FIDE rating List of female chess players by peak FIDE rating with countries? List of chess players by their peak FIDE blitz rating ...
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1answer
343 views

List of chess players by their peak FIDE rapid rating

Similar to these: List of female chess players by peak FIDE rating List of female chess players by peak FIDE rating with countries? List of chess players by their peak FIDE blitz rating List of ...
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1answer
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List of female chess players by their peak FIDE blitz rating

Similar to these: List of female chess players by peak FIDE rating List of female chess players by peak FIDE rating with countries? List of chess players by their peak FIDE blitz rating List of ...
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261 views

List of female chess players by peak FIDE rating with countries?

same question as here but with countries please. hopefully we can have a list as close to the original wiki page as possible. I'll start: 1 - Hungary - Judit Polgar - 2735 - 2005-07 - 1976 - N/A - ...
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Record Swiss top tie

In a current German championship, a whopping 11 players currently have 5/6. The fact that 197 players are listed makes this a bit less remarkable, of course. Obviously, the probability p of such an ...
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The most often played chess game

Offhand, I say the Shepherd's Mate. But let us just consider "serious" tournament play. Still, the game must be rather short to be repeated extremely often. Could be a "Will they ever ...
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Number of games ever played in history?

Obviously, an exact answer can't be given, but we can't count all electrons in the universe either and physicists still gave an answer probably correct by an order of magnitude. Let's specify: Only ...
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Who was, or is, the oldest WGM?

It is well known that (concerning GMs only) Lilienthal set a record - he missed the 100 only by 3 days. Averbach is very close to beating him. What about WGMs? It is trivial to look into the FIDE ...
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228 views

What is the history behind the famous author H. G. Wells writing against the game of chess?

Here are some quotes by by famous English author H. G. Wells.: “There is no remorse like the remorse of chess. [..] It is a curse upon man. There is no happiness in chess.” [source] “The passion for ...
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I have discovered a selfmate requiring 1,351 moves to enforce. How does this move-count stack up against the 'record holder'?

I've discovered a selfmate requiring 1,351 moves to enforce. What is the highest move-count known for a selfmate? {The starting position is provably legal}.
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What are the origins of Hand & Brain chess?

I was recently leafing through Pritchard's Encyclopedia of Chess Variants when I noticed that the variant Hand and Brain which has recently become popular, in which one player states the piece to the ...
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Are there Chess variants or problems using this particular piece?

The piece I am asking about is the combined jumper (0,2)(0,3)(2,2)(3,3) or the combination of Dabbaba, Threeleaper, Alfil, and Tripper. It is used under the name Hawk in the recent Chess variant ...
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1answer
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List of female chess players by peak FIDE rating

Update: The answer currently doesn't include countries and other trivia like in the original one. Please consider posting an answer with at least the countries or editing current answer to include ...
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Have there been brilliancy prizes awarded to the losing player?

Have there been brilliancy prizes awarded to the losing player? Preferably, it would be at a grandmaster level.
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555 views

Worst ELO ever in history

I have a lot of questions about ratings, which are sort of connected, but I think I better split them. This is pair 1. I googled a bit: By definition, ELO>100, and someone said (chess.com) he ...
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What is the earliest known appearance "Fool's Mate"?

A quaint question I had lately; what is the earliest known appearance to "Fool's Mate"? I refer to both the name and/or the move sequence. A quick search with Google Books revealed a ...
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Are chess players getting better, given the same rating?

Chess ratings are a relative thing at a particular time, just like boxing. It is not absolute, compared to weightlifting for example, in which the records keep getting broken. How would say a 1700 ...
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Upside down diagrams

In the good old days when I saw a chess diagram I didn't have to guess which way the pawns were going; there was a convention that the white pawns moved up the board. When and why did upside down ...
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Why did Bobby Fischer resign his title?

I was wondering about this question for a while. Why did Bobby Fischer resign his title?
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Does anybody knows about how the Polgar sisters were trained?

I know they did a lot of hardwork and stuff like that but i just want to know what exactly process did they went through(books,how did they practice,etc),is there any biography on them?cause I just ...
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Seeking a transcript of Hope vs. Fischer, 1972

On one of Bob Hope's television specials in 1972, Bobby Fischer appeared with him in a skit about himself (Fischer). The two also sat down at a board and sort-of played a game. (The moves were not all ...
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Historical motivation for the 1200-1800ish rating average

Although there is some variation in rating systems (in chess), most systems put the starting value and the mean of all users somewhere around 1500. Some pools are higher, some are lower, but most have ...
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Is Beth Harmon behaviour in her game vs Georgi Girev acceptable (then and now)?

In S01E04 of the TV series The Queen's Gambit, the main protagonist (Beth Harmon) is competing against a young Russian player (Georgi Girev). This happens in 1966. Following an adjournment, Beth ...
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Why Chess960/9LX and not Chess959?

This question asks if Chess960 is really Chess960 and not Chess959, i.e. the dice are really not re-rolled (positive, instead of normative). The answer is yes, it really is. However, why is Chess960 ...
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How was the Candidate chosen for 1927, and why not sooner?

Wikipedia has a tiny article for the 1927 World Chess Championship. For the World Chess Championship article in general, it has very little to say about the 1927 one: Following the controversies ...

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