Questions tagged [history]

Use this tag for questions relating to the history of chess and chess organizations, whose origins trace to the ancient Indian game of Chaturanga.

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3
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1answer
365 views

Why are some chess championships defended while others have the champion starting from scratch?

For example, the World Chess Championship as of the past few cycles had a candidates to determine who faces the previous champion. Same with world women's chess championship (at least as of recently). ...
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2answers
185 views

Chess players with FM, IM or GM, starting career after 40?

I started my chess career very late. I knew precise knowledge about Chess at age 41. The first tournament I shared was when I 42 years old; I got performance rating of 1050. Could you give me hope? I'...
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4answers
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Looking for free versions of older chess engines

In connection with another project, I am looking on the internet for some free versions of older chess engines, such as some of the old Chessmaster engines from the 1990s. I would even take an old ...
7
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1answer
2k views

Elo disadvantage due to one pawn move in Indian Chess

In Indian chess, the pawn doesn't move two squares, however in the western chess, pawn can move two squares. Now, since the pawn can't move 2 in the Indian style, the fianchetto is a natural square to ...
3
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1answer
1k views

Actual cases of a "frivolous draw offer"

Having been inspired by a recent question here, here is another. FIDE §E11.5 prohibits "unreasonable offers of a draw". Some specific cases which might get frowned upon by your opponent, ...
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1answer
117 views

Abbreviation: GM or IGM?

Recently I was browsing old issues of my clubzine when I tripped over "IGM". Wait, aren't all Grandmasters international by default? But I'm old enough to remember that the abbreviation &...
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3answers
1k views

What inspired the touch move rule?

This is the touch move rule: If a player deliberately touches a piece on the board when it is their turn to move, then they must move or capture that piece if it is legal to do so. Where did this ...
5
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1answer
481 views

Where does the name of the Guatemalan Defense come from?

I recall reading a story that the Guatemalan Defense (1. ... b6, 2. ... Ba6) is named after a game of correspondence chess that was played between (presumably some chess team representing) Guatemala ...
3
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1answer
139 views

Literarily weak knights

When I was young, the knight was sometimes lousy and knights took the cake. It happened more than once that I hammered a knight sacrifice into the rows of my opponent during blitz...the effect being ...
4
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1answer
347 views

History of convention for king & queen placement

As stated in this question, the convention that the player with the lighter-coloured pieces makes the first move was not established until fairly late in the 19th century. Before then, what convention ...
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2answers
207 views

What is the origin of the chess pieces' movements?

Why do pieces move the way they do? Was there any reason behind the decision in the early history of chess? This Quora post for example mentions (no citations): Queen can give directions. And she can ...
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0answers
117 views

Black beginning (specifically, the Immortal)

By CPT (or better: the Chess version thereof) if a game is opened by Black, you can transpose it to the standard version (by swapping board, colors and move rights) and there is no visible difference. ...
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3answers
311 views

Why did Bobby Fischer make his demands in the 1975 World Chess Championship?

Many topics ask about Fischer's demands in the 1975 World Chess Championship between him and Karpov, but I've never found the reason Fischer made these demands. In particular: If the result is 9-9, ...
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1answer
181 views

Is today's World Championship game the first with a symmetrical position and one file completely occupied?

After 8 moves in the 8th game between Carlsen and Nepomniatchi this position was reached. [FEN "r2qk2r/pppb1ppp/3b4/3p4/3P4/3B4/PPPB1PPP/R2QK2R w - - 0 1"] The position is perfectly ...
8
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1answer
193 views

What did FIDE do/say in response to Magnus Carlsen's non-participation in the candidates match for the 2011 world championship?

In Why did Magnus Carlsen drop out of World Championship in 2011? we see magnus said After careful consideration I’ve reached the conclusion that the ongoing 2008–2012 cycle does not represent a ...
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1answer
98 views

Books on old tournaments

I'm interested in books covering the major chess tournaments between 1880 and 1930, roughly speaking. I would prefer the official tournament books, like this one, but translated in English. Can I buy ...
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2answers
1k views

What previous results match/compare to Alireza Firouzja's 3000+ performance in the European Team Championships?

Firouzja has just scored 8/9 against opposition with an average rating of 2664 - 7 wins and 2 draws. According to the video clip in this tweet his performance rating was 3017. According to chess-...
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1answer
54 views

Is Agasthya Smriti containing the Original Chess Strategey available in public Domain?

Saint Agasthya, was the most knowledgeable person of the 8000 yrs ago period. He is credited for: The Martial Arts (Kalari Paytu), Chemical based Medicines specially for Venom treatment, Game of ...
11
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1answer
435 views

Is anything known about the chess game at the Vostok station that resulted in murder

Multiple sources on the Internet describe a murder at the Soviet Vostok station in Antarctica over a game of chess. Supposedly, the losing player was upset enough to attack their opponent with an axe. ...
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0answers
37 views

What is the actual and/or expected effect of the pandemic shutdowns on ratings?

As we're all aware, many over-the-board tournaments were canceled in the past couple of years. Some of them are coming back now, but many ratings are outdated. For example, in a recent tournament, one ...
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0answers
641 views

What exactly happened between Georg Meier and Elisabeth Paehtz / the German chess federation?

Today in chess news is German GM Georg Meier transferring to the Uruguayan chess federation. Meier alleges a dispute with fellow German player Elisabeth Paehtz, and a lack of support from the German ...
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71 views

Ossip Bernstein's Game

I just came to know about the story of the great chessmaster Ossip Bernstein about how he was offered to play a game of chess to save his life (details here). My question is, is that game available ...
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2answers
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What is the history of the Shanzi Wall Opening?

in a recent Eric Rosen video, he played against someone who used an opening which he calls the "Shanzi Wall Opening". He briefly demonstrates the moves to this opening at the end, but he ...
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2answers
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Has a "resignation blunder" ever been refused?

I was reading the question Has there been any blunders in resignation? and it occurred to me that a particularly good sportsman might refuse to accept an opponent's resignation if they knew the ...
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2answers
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Has there been any blunders in resignation?

We know that despite what is shown in the movies and such, most chess games don't end by a "checkmate" move and oftentimes one side realizes that they are losing and resigns before the end. ...
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3answers
332 views

How do I find data to determine records like the youngest person to obtain a certain title?

A. Background: Under Mobeus Zoom's suggestion here: List of records for youngest superGMs since 1950? (or 1970 or whenever FIDE started rating people. or basically after 2700s after Fischer) (this is ...
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1answer
215 views

List of records for youngest WFMs (woman FIDE masters) since 1950 (or whenever)? [duplicate]

On Wiki, we have the List of youngest grandmasters since 1950. What about WFMs (woman FIDE masters) instead of GMs? Note 1: I really mean to ask about WFMs (females who obtain the female exclusive ...
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2answers
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List of records for youngest WCMs (woman candidate masters) since 1950? [duplicate]

Re the close: If it was really a duplicate then why didn't Brian Towers♦ answer on the other post? Checkmate! On Wiki, we have the List of youngest grandmasters since 1950. What about WCMs (woman ...
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1answer
179 views

List of records for youngest female international masters since 1950? [duplicate]

Note: I really mean female IMs and not WIMs All IM version: List of records for youngest international masters since 1950? WIM version: List of records for youngest WIMs (woman international masters) ...
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1answer
142 views

List of records for the youngest FIDE masters since 1950?

Edit based on answer given by blunderchess1236 awhile ago: I'm not looking for just 1 person like who most recently attained the youngest (Alekhine Nouri). I'm asking also who held the record for ...
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1answer
161 views

List of records for youngest superWGMs since 1950?

On Wiki, we have a list for List of youngest grandmasters since 1950. What about superWGMs (any female player who has reached 2500+ or has become GM, whether or not they were actual WGMs so as to ...
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2answers
349 views

List of records for youngest superGMs since 1950? (or 1970 or whenever FIDE started rating people. or basically after 2700s after Fischer)

On Wiki, we have the List of youngest grandmasters since 1950. What about superGMs (defined anyone who has reached 2700+ peak FIDE standard) instead of GMs: where can I find a list for the youngest to ...
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1answer
178 views

List of records for youngest female grandmasters since 1950?

On Wiki, we have a list for List of youngest grandmasters since 1950. What about female GMs (really female GMs and not WGMs) instead of GMs? I guess the list ends with Judit Polgar, Koneru Humpy and ...
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2answers
2k views

Are all female grandmasters alive (as of the date of this post, 2021Sep01)?

Really female GMs and not WGMs. I notice here there's a 'deceased' list for female IMs but none for female GMs. Is it really the case that there are only 38 females awarded GM title in history and ...
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1answer
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Has there ever been a consultation chess match?

Inspired by How much stronger is a team of GMs compared to a single GM? All the chess matches I'm aware of have been 1v1. There have been team competitions such as the Olympiads, but I am not sure if ...
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1answer
163 views

Why did the USCF stop using a "grandmaster" title in 1961?

I was somewhat surprised to learn recently that the USCF used to use a ratings-based "Grandmaster" title, which was a title above "Senior Master". It seems that this was not a ...
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3answers
445 views

Who was the quickest from "unrated" to GM?

What player attained the GM title in the shortest amount of time, beginning from their entry into organized (rated) chess, to the award of the title (either via attaining norms, or by direct award)? ...
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1answer
86 views

List of female chess players by their peak FIDE rapid rating

Similar to these questions: List of female chess players by peak FIDE rating List of female chess players by peak FIDE rating with countries? List of chess players by their peak FIDE blitz rating ...
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1answer
394 views

List of chess players by their peak FIDE rapid rating

Similar to these: List of female chess players by peak FIDE rating List of female chess players by peak FIDE rating with countries? List of chess players by their peak FIDE blitz rating List of ...
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1answer
90 views

List of female chess players by their peak FIDE blitz rating

Similar to these: List of female chess players by peak FIDE rating List of female chess players by peak FIDE rating with countries? List of chess players by their peak FIDE blitz rating List of ...
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2answers
283 views

List of female chess players by peak FIDE rating with countries?

same question as here but with countries please. hopefully we can have a list as close to the original wiki page as possible. I'll start: 1 - Hungary - Judit Polgar - 2735 - 2005-07 - 1976 - N/A - ...
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1answer
65 views

Record Swiss top tie

In a current German championship, a whopping 11 players currently have 5/6. The fact that 197 players are listed makes this a bit less remarkable, of course. Obviously, the probability p of such an ...
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207 views

The most often played chess game

Offhand, I say the Shepherd's Mate. But let us just consider "serious" tournament play. Still, the game must be rather short to be repeated extremely often. Could be a "Will they ever ...
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0answers
104 views

Number of games ever played in history?

Obviously, an exact answer can't be given, but we can't count all electrons in the universe either and physicists still gave an answer probably correct by an order of magnitude. Let's specify: Only ...
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1answer
236 views

Who was, or is, the oldest WGM?

It is well known that (concerning GMs only) Lilienthal set a record - he died 3 days after his 99th birthday. Yuri Averbakh has since surpassed him and may well be the first 100 year old GM. What ...
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1answer
238 views

What is the history behind the famous author H. G. Wells writing against the game of chess?

Here are some quotes by by famous English author H. G. Wells.: “There is no remorse like the remorse of chess. [..] It is a curse upon man. There is no happiness in chess.” [source] “The passion for ...
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1answer
190 views

I have discovered a selfmate requiring 1,351 moves to enforce. How does this move-count stack up against the 'record holder'?

I've discovered a selfmate requiring 1,351 moves to enforce. What is the highest move-count known for a selfmate? {The starting position is provably legal}.
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236 views

What are the origins of Hand & Brain chess?

I was recently leafing through Pritchard's Encyclopedia of Chess Variants when I noticed that the variant Hand and Brain which has recently become popular, in which one player states the piece to the ...
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Are there Chess variants or problems using this particular piece?

The piece I am asking about is the combined jumper (0,2)(0,3)(2,2)(3,3) or the combination of Dabbaba, Threeleaper, Alfil, and Tripper. It is used under the name Hawk in the recent Chess variant ...
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1answer
779 views

List of female chess players by peak FIDE rating

Update: The answer currently doesn't include countries and other trivia like in the original one. Please consider posting an answer with at least the countries or editing current answer to include ...

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