# Questions tagged [endgame]

The endgame is the part of the game when there are only a few pieces left on the board. Usually play revolves around one or both players trying to promote a pawn. Alternatives are the opening and middlegame tags.

320 questions
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### Are there any other endgame analysis tool than Wilhelm?

Are there any other endgame analysis tool than Wilhelm?
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### Which side has the advantage?

In this game, I made an early exchange of my queen for his rook and bishop. At the time, I was ahead, though he managed to bring it back to roughly even with an effective threat on the queen side. ...
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### Endgame Databases

I am looking to practice endgames against a computer by having a decent number (lets say 500+) of positions loaded into a database. Currently I am taking positions from various endgame books as well ...
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### Endgame Fortresses

[fen "6r1/1p3k2/2rb1p1p/3NpP1P/PpPp2pR/1P1K2P1/4RP2/8 b - - 0 1"] If Black holds his bishop on c5, rook on a8/a5 (if a5 is a threat), rook on g8 (protect g4) or the 8th rank, is there any way for ...
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### How does one apply the Principle of Two Weaknesses into their own game?

This sounds like a powerful technique. The problem is that I don't know how to give my opponent two weaknesses when they have none. Any advice? Ideas I've seen are pushing the rook pawns and ...
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### Analysis of Pawn Endgame from Amateur to IM

I started reading the book "From Amateur to IM". In one of the first chapters an analysis is given of Casablanca's Pawn Endgame. [StartFlipped "0"] [fen "6k1/7p/8/8/8/8/6PP/6K1 w - - 0 1"] Now, the ...
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### Are you allowed to calculate on paper? e.g. corresponding squares? (FIDE/Club level etc)

I have been looking at corresponding squares recently. It can be pretty hard to visually calculate and imagine them in your mind. What I was wondering, would you ever be allowed to draw your plans ...
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### Rook ending with single distant passed pawn

6k1/1R5p/6p1/p7/8/7P/r5P1/6K1 w - a6 0 33 Is it possible for White to hold a draw in this position? If so, what is the strategy? Typically I lose these ones and draw when it's me with the extra pawn....
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### Analysis of a very complicated end position - why is this move leading to a draw?

I am trying to understand this position a bit better and would appreciate some help in doing so. I am black and it's my turn... (the board is flipped .. ie. black plays up and white plays down) [FEN "...
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### What happens if a player mistakenly thinks they have been checkmated?

A quote from Wikipedia: The objective is to 'checkmate' the opponent's king by placing it under an inescapable threat of capture. Suppose two players (A and B) play the game using the old ...
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### Why is this king and two passed pawns vs. king and rook endgame not drawable?

I thought king and passed pawn vs. king and rook endgame was always drawn. Yet, I had two passed pawns and I was unable to draw the game, why is that? Here is a picture of the position. Black to ...
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### Endgame improvement books

I am not playing a bad game, but my endgame is not so good. How can I improve my endgame? Please suggest me some good books for that.
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### How do you apply schematic thinking to one's own chess games?

I can never figure out how to come out with many micro plans in an endgame. I'm not sure in which order they should be applied as well. How do you apply schematic thinking to one's own endgames?
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### How do you know whether to trade one of the rook pairs in an endgame?

I've been reading Endgame Strategy. I've seen, in a lot of the games, trading one of the rook pairs can help. There is a chapter in the book called the 'Problem with Exchanging.' I don't know how to ...
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### World Cup: passed pawns vs extra piece

[fen "N7/P3pk1p/3p2p1/r4p2/8/4b2B/4P1KP/1R6 w - - 0 34"] [white "Max Illingworth"] [black "Pentala Harikrishna"] White to move. In this World Cup game, Black demonstrated the power of pawns and won ...
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### Does white really have a win in this pawn ending, as claimed by Tim Krabbé?

Update: ​ ​ ​ ​ I emailed Tim Krabbé, and he agrees that ​ 41. b4 bxa4 ​ draws. He has posted a PS about this just under his old analysis. With respect to "Skawinski - Tomczak, European ch rapid, ...
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### End Game - Queen + Rook vs Queen

Today, when I was playing end game I had a queen, a rook and a king (no pawns). My opponent had just a queen. It was his turn (the board was pretty blank) and he started giving continuous checks. I ...
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### chess endgame database + 50-move rule = potential error?

Are there any examples of positions where usage of the endgame tablebase gives an incorrect evaluation, due to the ignoring of the 50-move rule. At the moment I am not sure if endgame tablebases ...
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### How do you draw in an opposite color bishops endgame with two pawns down?

Is it possible to draw in such an endgame? Are there exceptions? If so, what are they?
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### Key-Squares in Pawn Endgames

In an instructional video, I have found this position: The instructor (Dr Muller) says about key squares that are marked with green. I am unable to get the idea behind how Dr Muller determined these ...
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### Which openings lead to unbalanced endgames?

Some openings often lead to "unbalanced" endgames, where both white and black have their advantages and disadvantages. For instance, in the Berlin endgame, white has a lead in development and a ...
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### Unlearning myths from the mind of an experienced club player

I recently met a club player who had been playing chess for 23 years, but couldn't improve his ELO more that 1800. When I played with him, I found his tactical skills are good, moderate endgame ...
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### How to Win King vs Pawn in this Situation

I read from this website (example 2) that you can win the game in the following situation: [Title "Black to move - Black's POV"] [fen "8/8/8/5PK1/1r1k4/8/8/8 b - - 0 59"] I play as black. I want to ...
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### Can not determine the result of this endgame

The endgame is shown in diagram, and I have also submitted the moves from the actual game. I want to know if any side can win, or is it really a draw. Support your claims with illustrative lines, ...
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### Can White win the endgame from game Kramnik-Carlsen, London 2010?

[Title "White to move"] [fen "8/6p1/7p/2k5/8/p5P1/B5P1/6K1 w - - 0 1"] Can White win this endgame?
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### How to know when it is time to trade down to an endgame? [duplicate]

Sirs, After considerable endgame study (i.e. Jeremy Silman's complete endgame course), I am finding that there is a wealth of information about how to win endgames. However, I am noticing that there ...
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### Is it possible to draw this endgame where I blundered my queening pawn?

Move 13 (54 in actual game) is when I blundered my last pawn due to pressure of the Blitz game (probably). Even with seemingly equal material, the position is dreaded as the Black's pawns are more ...
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### Endgames with long king marches

I am doing a study that focuses on endgames which involve well-timed king marches, namely endgames in which the winning idea lies mainly in king positioning rather than the coordination of minor ...
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### Study endgame first before studying opening? Is it true?

While looking for and comparing suggestions that will help me to improve in chess, I have noticed that some people and some chess book authors suggest that you should study the endgame first. Some ...
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### When to transition into an ending

I know the rule of thumb about trading pieces when you have a lead (and pawns when you're behind), but how does one decide an advantage is sufficient enough to transition into an ending by trading ...
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### How to challenge a queen with a bishop pair in endgame?

Any hints how to survive or win having a bishop pair against a Queen in endgames. What you should do? how to cooperate between them? what's the opponent best strategies?
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### Is this endgame a draw? 2 Bishops + 4 Pawns vs Queen + 1 Pawn

I am having this position, I am black: So I have both bishops + 4 pawns = 6.5 points + 4 points = 10.5 points. The opponent has a queen + 1 pawn = 10 points. I know how to challenge a queen with 2 ...
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### Endgame FEN generator

is it possible to generate FEN strings for endgames based on specific criteria: n-pieces, w/d/l, and side to move? So say I wanted all FEN strings for King plus Rook vs King plus Pawn (KPKR) ...
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### Endgame statistics [duplicate]

I am looking for information on W/D/L results for specific endgame configurations based on perfect play, not based on databases of actual games. For example, in the endgame King plus Rook vs King ...
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### Wording of Troitsky line rule

The current Wikipedia article on the two knights endgame states: For the position with White to move, Troitsky established that if a black pawn is securely blockaded (by one of the white knights) ...
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### What happens after two Kings stay on the board?

A lot of times my sibling and I have played chess and have ended up with just two Kings. We have never known what would happen next. Two Kings on a field somehow result to an infinite game as each can ...
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### How do I promote my pawn when the king blocks it?

I was playing ChessEndGames and ran into this position (white to move): [fen "5k2/8/4PK2/8/8/8/8/8 w - - 0 1"] I can't get my pawn to promote. As soon as I do e7, black follows with Ke8. If I do Ke5,...
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### Interesting Ending Knight + pawn vs Rook - main plans (white and black)

From the feedback received I updated the main line (from pos 39). I post an update of this endgame. Now it is more clear that f7 is a weak point, and it is tricky for black to try to stop the two ...
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### What is the maximum DTM with K+J vs K?

What is the maximum DTM in the endgame king + janus vs king on a 10x8-board ? The janus can move like a bishop or like a knight. Since both sides have two additional pieces, the board has 10 columns ...
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### How can the moves from this pawn endgame study be found without a computer?

[FEN "8/1p5k/1P1p4/3p4/3Pp2p/2K1P2p/7P/8 w - - 0 0"] [PlyCount "21"] 1. Kb2 Kg8 2. Ka1 Kf8 3. Ka2 Ke7 4. Kb3 Kd7 5. Kb4 Kc6 6. Ka5 Kd7 7. Kb4 Ke6 8. Kc3 Kf6 9. Kc2 Kg5 10. Kd1 Kg4 11. Ke2 In this ...
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### Could black have saved the rook-endgame?

[Event "FIDE Women's World Chess Championship"] [Site "Sochi RUS"] [Date "2015.03.27"] [Round "4.2"] [White "Dronavalli Harika"] [Black "Meri Arabidze"] [Result "1-0"] [ECO "D03"] [WhiteElo "2492"] [...
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### “Dead-draw” endgame lost?

Are there examples of games between notable players where "dead-draw" endgames were lost ? For examples : Both players had three connected pawns on the f-g-h-file (or a-b-c file) without free ...
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### Did black have a chance to save the rook endgame?

[Event "FIDE Women's World Chess Championship"] [Site "Sochi RUS"] [Date "2015.03.24"] [Round "3.2"] [White "Natalia Pogonina"] [Black "Marie Sebag"] [Result "1-0"] [ECO "D46"] [PlyCount "134"] [...
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### Only the king remains, but he is stuck, can't move [duplicate]

I played with my friend yesterday, and we reached a point when I cornered him from everywhere. I had a queen and a king, and he had only his king left, but he could not do any move because any move ...
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### How can I teach the endgame to someone who feels it is “boring”?

I have a student who is in the 1600-1700 range, who has lost his last few games due to improper handling of endgame positions. Some were drawn, which he lost; some winning which he drew; and some ...
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### Complete game Szabo-Groszpeter, Kecskemet 1984

I'm looking for the complete game Szabo-Groszpeter, Kecskemet 1984. The following knight endgame was reached and White won eventually with the paradoxal move Kb8!! blocking his b-pawn on b7. [fen "8/...
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### Which openings offer the best chances to reach an endgame quickly?

If you are strong at endgames, which openings are favorouble for you because they tend to lead quickly to an endgame ?
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### Do 5 connected pawns usually win against a rook?

Suppose, white has 5 connected pawns, black only a rook. Under normal circumstances (black cannot immediately win a pawn, the white pawns are not too far advanced, say on the rows 2 to 4, black's ...