Questions tagged [alphazero]

For questions about Deep Mind's Alpha Zero chess engine.

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1answer
941 views

Is AlphaZero opensource?

There are a lot of fake AlphaZero projects on GitHub. While I was googling if it was open source, the answer was yes, but I couldn’t find it anywhere. Is there a link to where the code is?
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5answers
6k views

Was AlphaZero taught castling?

Since castling involves one player moving two pieces in one move, was AlphaZero just given this move, in the same way it was told that players take turns and a win is better than a loss? In other ...
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7answers
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Did AlphaZero also have to learn that each piece has a value?

When AlphaZero learned on its own that a queen has a value of 9, a pawn 1, knight 3, etc., then did it also need to learn on its own that a piece has a value? Or was it that the concept of value was ...
2
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1answer
192 views

Why does AlphaZero implement time steps in its input layers?

I'm trying to build my own chess engine using neural nets, and have been researching papers from Deepmind about their algorithm implemented in AlphaZero. Since chess is a game with perfect information ...
15
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6answers
9k views

Is it possible Alpha Zero will eventually solve chess?

I googled this question and ended up here. From previous questions, it seems Alpha Zero has not solved chess yet and if it does it will take a very long time. Nonetheless, it may be possible one day. ...
4
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3answers
627 views

Book recommendation for chess engine building

This might be too broad a question, but can anyone recommend specific books that deal with chess engines, including hard-coded ones such as Stockfish, Komodo, and other ones also based on neural ...
-2
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2answers
244 views

Why is it seemingly impossible to follow high level chess games?

According to this, AlphaZero was a really good chess engine that learned through playing against itself, and it then it never lost against any other chess programs. I think it probably also said it ...
3
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2answers
190 views

Alphazero vs Stockfish

Is the particular ending really a draw? Someone may try will FinalGen , please? [Title "White to move"] [fen "8/1B2k3/p7/P6p/1n1p2pP/6P1/4KP2/8 w - - 0 1"]
-2
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1answer
249 views

How is AlphaZero defferent from Stockfish?

Obviously one is better than the other and AlphaZero uses machine learning and all, but what is the real reason for their different style of play? Given a position, both evaluate the next best move ...
8
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1answer
7k views

Which is better-Stockfish 10 or AlphaZero?

I know AlphaZero (an AI) is one of the best top chess engines but Stockfish is also improving. Which one is better at chess? Also is there a new Stockfish level?
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5answers
1k views

Level the field when letting computers play against each other

I just read this question and it made me wonder: when setting up such a game/comparison - shouldn't you try to level the computing capacity field? Or at least limit how much energy each "player" is ...
9
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3answers
2k views

Knowing that AlphaZero beat Stockfish 8 (28 wins, 0 losses, and 72 draws), what would AlphaZero's rating be?

I found three different questions here on SEC that asked what Stockfish 8's rating was for the match against AlphaZero, but none that asked what AlphaZero's rating should have been after (if it had ...
2
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1answer
288 views

Best way to loop through all possible moves (Alpha Beta)?

Essentially I'm just trying to create a somewhat efficient chess ai using an Alpha Beta Pruning approach for a future neural network to train against. I know I could use an existing program but this ...
2
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1answer
483 views

What was one shortcoming of alpha zero that Kasparov noted?

I [Kasparov] can look at AlphaZero’s games and understand the potential weaknesses. And I believe it has made some inaccurate evaluations, which is natural. The reason he says that is AlphaZero ...
2
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1answer
301 views

What was it that AlphaZero did that dazzled experts?

Wired magazine recently said Most remarkably, AlphaZero uncovered new approaches to the game that dazzled chess experts. Just what was unique about alpha zero that was so dazzling?
5
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2answers
514 views

Does Google's new quantum computer mean we will soon have a more powerful AlphaZero?

According to a paper published in Nature Google has developed a quantum computer. Abstract The promise of quantum computers is that certain computational tasks might be executed ...
1
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1answer
249 views

Is there any game where AlphaZero wins against Stockfish thanks to a knight pair?

I have seen some of the games that were published in the match between AlphaZero and Stockfish. In many games, as when it beats Stockfish as black playing the Berlin Defense, AlphaZero appears to ...
6
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1answer
934 views

How does Alphazero Respond to the QGD?

I recently started reading Game Changer, the new(ish) book on Alphazero, and I'm really enjoying it. My one issue so far is that I can't find, in the book or elsewhere, games where Alphazero played ...
2
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3answers
2k views

To what extent (if at all) is the new Komodo 13 MCTS an AlphaZero Lite?

The new Komodo 13 MCTS has been announced with the claim that: Komodo 13 MCTS thinks like no other chess engine in the world. Inspired by the ideas of AlphaZero and Leela, Larry and Mark set out ...
5
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1answer
245 views

Combining AlphaZero methods with Stockfish methods [closed]

NOTE: I asked a similar question at the ai stackexchange, but didn't get any satisfying answers, so I will post an updated version of the question here, to see if someone with more of a chess ...
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2answers
2k views

Are AlphaZero's openings objectively better than the others? [closed]

Are AlphaZero's openings objectively better than the others? If so, why haven't top grandmasters like Carlsen exclusively adopted them in their own games?
3
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2answers
981 views

Where is the neural network used in MCTS?

Where does an engine (such as AlphaZero) use its neural network in MCTS? It shouldn't be needed to evaluate positions reached via MCTS, since I'm under the impression that only terminal game states ...
7
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2answers
825 views

Is there a reason AlphaZero hasn't been allowed to learn for longer?

Why don't the developers of AlphaZero let it learn for days, or even months on end? Wouldn't its neural network become much stronger, at the cost of just occupying some computational resources for a ...
2
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2answers
423 views

AlphaZero and the revenge of the Artificial Intelligence

Answering this question, @SmallChess offered this answer: Before Google's chess journey, the chess engine community believed: AI chess will not beat classical programming because neural networks ...
3
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3answers
646 views

Why does AlphaZero evaluate on the order of 1000 times less moves than Stockfish?

According to Deep mind's article, Alpha Zero searches roughly 10,000 moves per decision, while Stockfish is around 10,000,000 moves. I'm aware that Alpha Zero uses Monte Carlo Tree Search while ...
6
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1answer
314 views

AlphaZero’s search procedure

I am aware of related questions and great answers on the same topic such as Understanding AlphaZero. My questions are related to the following figure on AlphaZero's search procedure This figure ...
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1answer
237 views

Amount of search per decision: GMs versus AlphaZero and Stockfish [duplicate]

In Demis Hassabis' presentation at the the Kinds of Intelligence Symposium in January 2018, grandmasters are compared to AlphaZero and Stockfish along an interesting metric: how many moves are ...
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3answers
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The games AlphaZero lost

AlphaZero lost 6 games to Stockfish in a 1000-game match from the starting position, at least one of which was with the white pieces: A game A0 lost with white. For some reason, these games haven't ...
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2answers
706 views

Is AlphaZero deterministic?

AlphaZero searches for moves using Monte Carlo Tree Search (MCTS). As I understand MCTS, it takes the root position, goes to a child node, and then plays random moves until one side wins. Since the ...
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2answers
4k views

Alpha Zero vs Lc0 - time for self-play

Alpha Zero defeated Stockfish after only 9 hours of self-play. On the other hand, Lc0, has been training for several months and while attaining impressive strength (to say the least...) it's still not ...
4
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1answer
600 views

Is there any analysis of the Carlsen-Caruana World Championsip match by AlphaZero?

How cool would it be to have the world's most powerful computer analyzing games played in a match between the world's two strongest human players? Has it happened yet and is the analysis available?
3
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1answer
163 views

Guidance on a new idea for an engine design?

for my A-level computing project I was going to do an investigation into a type of engine design which incorporates Neural Networks that I haven't seen elsewhere; as part of this project I need to ...
3
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1answer
2k views

What are the strategies of Alphazero? [closed]

Alphazero is an amazing chess engine, one of the best in the world. It also has a more "human" playing style than other engines. Furthermore, understanding this engine might be vital to improving the ...
3
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1answer
4k views

What is Alpha Zero's Play Style? (Including its Openings and its Middlegame) [closed]

If you want to read about its opening strategy, it is down below the link. If you want to read about its middlegame strategy or basic play style, it is at the top I want to know how I can play more ...
3
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1answer
249 views

What kind of hand-crafted features do top performing family of engines use to evaluate a position?

AlphaZero paper which introduced the engine which allegidly outperformed stockfish mentioned the following: These programs evaluate positions using features handcrafted by human grandmasters and ...
2
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1answer
550 views

Availability of AlphaZero and A. Grischuk's idea in the Anti-Moscow Gambit vs L. Ding

I was watching some Fide Candidates post play conference and Grischuk mentioned that a certain move was suggested by AlphaZero. So I was googling a little and have a stupid question. Where is ...
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3answers
11k views

What is the Elo rating of Stockfish version that played AlphaZero?

AlphaZero has defeated Stockfish with all novelties and brilliant strategic sacrifices. But some people were disputing its win, because Stockfish was running on weak hardware (1 GB RAM), not access to ...
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2answers
25k views

List of how AlphaZero evaluates openings

In his process of learning Chess and getting stronger and stronger each second AlphaZero learned openings. Some were played often at the beginning, but lost in AlphaZero's popularity over the time (e....
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1answer
252 views

Alphazero Learning vs Playing mode

Is there any fundamental difference (in algorithms etc.) between Alphazero training by playing against itself and when playing a match against Stockfish? Or were the match games basically treated as ...
2
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2answers
794 views

Alphazero-Stockfish game 10 move 19

Given sufficient analysis time, say 24h per move on an decent computer, can current top chess engines (including Stockfish) eventually "see" that move 19 by Alphazero is actually good, and even ...
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2answers
1k views

What was the source of randomness in the Alpha Zero vs Stockfish match?

My understanding is that Alpha Zero's algorithm was fixed after the "learning" phase, so would it come up with the same move for every position? Was the variability in the match entirely due to a ...
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3answers
2k views

Did Stockfish have access to an opening book in its games against AlphaZero?

I have seen some commentary that implies that Stockfish did not have access to an opening book in its much-reported match with AlphaZero, but I cannot find a conclusive citation, and my inability to ...
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2answers
2k views

How does AlphaZero learn to evaluate a position it has never seen?

Following up from answers to: Understanding AlphaZero My question would be how the neural net "learns" what to do in a position it hasn't encountered. Saying the actual AZ executes an MCTS using the ...
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3answers
1k views

Lecture/Book on AlphaGo/AlphaZero

I am very interested in how AlphaGo resp. AlphaZero works. It seems to me, the related Google Papers are very dense and not easy to read. Is there any textbook or lecture that explains on a technical ...
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7answers
18k views

Hardware used in AlphaZero vs Stockfish match

I understand that AlphaZero has to use a different kind of hardware than regular Stockfish. I would expect that the hardware has a large effect on engine strength. That's why I wonder whether there ...
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11answers
22k views

How is Alpha Zero "more human"?

I have a possibly naive question about AlphaZero. I have seen it described as playing in a "more human" style than other computers, but whatever it does, it gains about 100 ELO points by doing it. ...
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3answers
8k views

Understanding AlphaZero

Very recently, the news came out that Alphabet's DeepMind research team have extended their machine learning engine to play both Shogi and chess. Apparently, after only a few hours of self-learning, ...