I was wondering what is the maximum number of captures in a position, either in a real game or a puzzle
I have some records from a book published in 1969. They might have been surpassed since then, but if that is the case, I was not able to locate that information. I guess, since there is no reply after ~2 weeks, this should be better than nothing.
74 captures; legal position:
r1n1n1b1/1P1P1P1P/1N1N1N2/2RnQrRq/2pKp3/3BNQbQ/k7/4Bq2 w - - 0 1
Edit: In response to the comment - here's a legal position without underpromotions in play, 65 captures possible.
k2Kb2R/1RrQnQN1/8/BqQbQqQn/8/1QbQqQNB/8/3rQq2 w - - 0 1
Source: Guide to fairy chess by Anthony Dickins.