After I received this answer on my previous question, I found the list of penalties which a player can receive, according to FIDE guidelines.
As FIDE states in Article 12.9:
Options available to the arbiter concerning penalties:
- increasing the remaining time of the opponent
- reducing the remaining time of the offending player
- increasing the points scored in the game by the opponent to the maximum available for that game
- reducing the points scored in the game by the offending person
- declaring the game to be lost by the offending player (the arbiter shall also decide the opponent’s score)
- a fine announced in advance
- expulsion from the competition.
I'm curious: Is there potentially a way to benefit yourself by being penalized?
As an example, the second penalty listed is:
2. increasing the remaining time of the opponent
Even if it won't directly add to my time, I can still ponder my moves during the opponent's turn. This would allow me more time to think than I could have otherwise had.
Additionally, are there other ways to benefit yourself by purposely receiving a penalty?