I'm looking for a book, which does not have to be modern at all, that comprehensively explains the strategic ideas of the Nimzo-Indian Defence from Black's perspective.
I play the Nimzo. There is no doubt that Anatoly Karpov is one of the best, if not the best, strategic players of all times.. This link is a good point to start. You will find many analyzed games of Anatoly Karpov in the Nimzo.
In the same website, you will find analyzed games of Petrosian, Capablanca, Kramink, Alekhine, Botvinnik, Smyslov, etc. Almost all the world chess champions played the Nimzo. In the same website, you can find analyzed games of Nimzowitch, who was not a world chess champion, but invented the opening.