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Three things I don't mean with super-risky:

  • Tal was a risky player but he could calculate extremely well and had reasons to believe that if a refutation of his sacrifices exist, the opponent wouldn't find it (only today's engines).
  • In a lost position anything is fair game, so no point of thinking about the objective centipawn value of a move.
  • In rapid games you can risk far more anyway.

I thus define a super-risky move as a trap in about equal position in a tournament game that can be seen through by the average opponent (say, GM level) and ends up to the disadvantage of the trapper. (That's surely not 100% objective but shall suffice.)

Have there ever be any GMs (especially including GM-strength players before the title existed) playing consistently super-risky? (I throw at least one suggestion into the room: Dawid Janowski.)

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    could this be GMs whose ratings fluctuate rapidly
    – cmgchess
    Commented Aug 31, 2022 at 13:46
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    Mamedyarov often plays purposefully risky stuff in the later part of the game in order to avoid draws. Carlsen usually doesn't do that, but he plays weird openings, when in the mood (and still outplays his opponents). Commented Aug 31, 2022 at 16:46
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    @Hauptideal: I certainly believe Brian that nowadays this is neigh impossible. But like I said, in the good old days? Commented Aug 31, 2022 at 19:22
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    I nominate Frank Marshall Commented Aug 31, 2022 at 19:37
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    @paulgarrett: Neigh. Because in chess I love the horsies :-) Commented Sep 13, 2022 at 7:44

4 Answers 4

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What you describe is called "Hope chess". It is a very common beginner's mistake. To reach any reasonable standard of chess (like strong local club player) the player has to eliminate this basic mistake. So, no, master level players do not do this. If they play a move which looks like this then it was a blunder rather than a deliberate bad move.

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Hans Niemann, in his post-Sinquefield Cup interview (the end of his first super tournament) described himself on the opposite end of risk-taking compared to Wesley So, who is very risk-averse. Hans then says for future tournaments he needs to be more risk-averse, and that playing risky is influenced by playing lower rated players but causes unnecessary losses at the highest level.

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Is this close even if no cigar? I think of Carlsen in openings.

Larry Kaufman says:

'Magnus doesn't generally play such great openings, he strives to get the game out of book as early as possible usually.'.

Of course, it's not always that an out of book move is far inferior to a book move.

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  • If Carlsen skills are better then others when "out of book" then him getting the game out of book is likely sensible. Commented May 30 at 20:26
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There have been some, Mamedyarov often plays offbeat moves like his G4 against Esipenko in 2022

https://www.chessgames.com/perl/chessgame?gid=2210971

It almost never happens in classical OTB tournaments at a super GM level. But certainly there are examples at a GM level where downright losing (with perfect play) gambits are played.

Anna Cramling's dad often played his Bellon gambit vs. the English which is considered very dubious albeit practical.

https://www.chess.com/blog/Jpatrick/introducing-the-bellon-gambit

However, downright losing hope moves never really happen except maybe under time pressure.

But since you asked the question I can't help feeling you want examples of openings or tricks that you can use in your own games:

One that I know of is the Kadas gambit as black

https://www.chess.com/openings/Scandinavian-Defense-Modern-Kadas-Gambit

It has a 1 d4. sibling the Tan gambit

https://www.chess.com/openings/Queens-Gambit-Declined-Marshall-Tan-Gambit

You can reach a Kadas gambit like position when the Tan gambit is accepted by playing e4.

Another one is the Halloween gambit which is super tricky to get right when playing against.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ce219v1r-Gk&pp=ygUQaGFsbG93ZWVuIGdhbWJpdA%3D%3D

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