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I have a question about playing f6 into a London system, it is said to be a good move here: enter image description here and i understand it, you threaten e5 which is annoying for white.

But why is it not a good move here: enter image description here engine says they would play c4 (but they could do it too in the other situation)

So I'm a bit lost as to what differs between the 2, sure there is more protection on e5 by the knight, but is that enough? e5 dxe5 fxe5 Nxe5 and even though I lost a pawn, I have a center pawn and they don't, which is supposedly very much in favour of Black (very much might be exagerated but you get my point).

And also, in the first situation, they can still go Nf3 after you play f6.

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In d4-d5 openings, when one side plays f3 or f6 in order to build a big center, it's often a good idea for the other side to play c5 or c4 immediately to strike their center before it overwhelms you. If dxc is played, then after Bxc it comes with check (or prevents your opponent from castling in the first place). Your opponent is no longer able to get two pawns uncontested in the center. If dxc is not played, then the d pawn probably requires more protection. Once again they are dissuaded from getting in their desired e4 or e5 move and taking over the center.

This situation often comes from a Queens Gambit Declined Exchange variation, where white plays Nge2 and f3-e4, the so-called Botvinnik or Kasparov plan. Black is usually quick to play c5 to challenge this plan directly.

[FEN ""]
1. d4 Nf6 2. c4 e6 3. Nc3 d5 4. cxd5 exd5 5. Bg5 Be7 6. e3 c6 7. Bd3 Nbd7 8. Qc2 O-O 9. Nge2 Re8 10. O-O Nf8 11. f3

Now let's compare your two positions. In the first case, white has already played c3, so playing c4 so soon afterwards would be a waste of time. Moreover, white does not have a lead in development and their king is quite far away from castling, so wasting time on pawn moves will not give them an advantage.

In the second case, white has a lead in development and is a lot closer to kingside castling than black. That means that they want to blow open the center and try and prove these two dynamic issues matter more than any static advantage black might create by getting two pawns in the center. For all of the above reasons, this is exactly the type of situation where c4 is 100% called for.

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    Hi thanks for the answer, quick question, what check do you mean by "If dxc is played, then after Bxc it comes with check (or prevents your opponent from castling in the first place)."? The queen checks through the space the f pawn left? Commented Feb 3, 2022 at 20:36
  • When you have a lead in development, "blowing up the position" is usually a good thing to do? As a rule of thumb sort of thing? Commented Feb 3, 2022 at 20:47
  • I'm also not sure I understand your example, I'm not familiar with the so-called Botvinnik or Kasparov plan and don't really see where Black should play c5 (sorry if it's quite a naive question!!) Commented Feb 3, 2022 at 20:48
  • @FluidMechanicsPotentialFlows Bxc means bishop takes. I was trying to create a notation so that it was relevant for both sides. In the case of a king on g1, yes Bxc5 is a check. Commented Feb 3, 2022 at 23:05
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    @FluidMechanicsPotentialFlows Yes to your second question as well. The side with the more active army will benefit if the position blows up. Finally to your third question, the reason I told you about this is because now this idea is something you can google to learn more about! c5 is an important tool black has to fight back against this f3-e4 plan. Commented Feb 3, 2022 at 23:07

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