Update: The answer currently doesn't include countries and other trivia like in the original one. Please consider posting an answer with at least the countries or editing current answer to include these. I actually did include countries in my example with Judit Polgar, so I'll consider the current answer incomplete...unless we get an answer here: List of female chess players by peak FIDE rating with countries?
There is a Wiki list is for all of the top-rated FIDE chess players. But where is the list of top female chess players by peak FIDE rating?
1 - Hungary - Judit Polgar - 2735 - 2005-07 - 1976 - N/A - first and only female player so far to achieve 2700+ rating
The raw data which could be used to extract this information is available on the FIDE website (from 2001) and the Olimpbase website (before 2001). What you will need to do is clean the data (the older the data the more "dirty" it is), construct a relational database and insert the data. Then you will be able to use SQL to search the database for the data you want.
Having done this, here is a list of the top female players of all time above 2500 appearing in the periodic FIDE rating lists (i.e. not the live list, because that data is not available to us)