In the ancient Indian game Chaturanga, what rules are known, and how does it vary from modern chess? Also, is it a solved game?

1 Answer 1


The exact rules aren't known, but what is known or commonly believed to be true is listed on Wikipedia. Especially the elephant/gaja's movement rules are uncertain.

It varies from modern chess because it has some pieces which move differently: the elephant mentioned above and the mantri/minister. Modern chess has the bishop and queen in their places. Still, the complexity of the game is comparable to chess, so it's a long way from being solved.

  • What about castling & en passant?
    – Rainbow
    Nov 6, 2020 at 13:20
  • Unlikely, those are modern inventions.
    – Glorfindel
    Nov 6, 2020 at 13:52
  • No. Castling was already present in Dashpaad board..
    – ShadYantra
    Jul 1, 2022 at 17:16

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