As a person(~2170 uscf) who has recently started playing the scandinavian defense(Qd6), and has played against the scandinavian defense on the white side, I find it hard to get any sort of meaningful edge as white and often pretty much equalize with black. Yet in the top level, it's rarely seen in classical chess. Thus, it seems that there should be particular variations in the Qa5, Qd6, and Qd8 scandinavians that put it out of business. What are these lines?

  • As a strong expert, you're knowledgeable and experienced enough to know that solid openings like that don't get "put out of business", and top-level opening practice is a matter of fashion. Sep 10, 2020 at 12:22
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    Thank you very much for this question! One of my opponents is heavily addicted to Scandinavian recently. Sep 10, 2020 at 13:46

2 Answers 2


Here are some lines. They seem to be the mainlines from the master database on Lichess. White is not winning, but the opening phase went White's way.


 [fen ""]
    1. e4 d5 2. exd5 Qxd5 3. Nc3 Qd6 4. d4 Nf6 5. Nf3 (5...a6 6. g3 Bg4 7. Bg2 Nc6 8. O-O O-O-O
    9. h3 Bh5 10. Bf4) c6 6. Ne5 Nbd7 7. Nc4 Qc7 8. Qf3 {note that this move prevents ...b5!!} Nb6 9. Bf4 Qd8 10. Be5 (10. h3 Qxd4?! 11. Rd1 Qc5 12. Be3 {is very good for White}) Bg4 {if not played now, White will prevent it with h3 and then O-O-O} 11. Qg3 {Black has to defend his g4-bishop now, as it is hanging after Bxf6}


[fen ""]
1. e4 d5 2. exd5 Qxd5 3. Nc3 Qa5 4. d4 Nf6 5. Nf3 c6 6. Bc4 Bf5 7. Bd2 e6 8. Nd5 Qd8 9. Nxf6+ gxf6 (9...Qxf6 10. Qe2 {with O-O-O next}) 10. O-O


[fen ""]
1. e4 d5 2. exd5 Qxd5 3. Nc3 Qd8 4. d4 Nf65. Nf3 Bg4 6. h3 Bxf3 (6...Bh5 7. g4 Bg6 8. Ne5 Nbd7 9. Nxg6 hxg6 10. g5 Nh5 11. d5 {with a huge clamp, Black has problems to make purposeful development}) 7. Qxf3 c6 8. Be3 e6 9. Bd3 Nbd7 10. O-O-O
  • I am curious how White intends to continue after 9...Qd8 (or even 9...Qd7) in the first line. Is he going to sack the d4-pawn ? To allow a knight exchange ? You are probably true that White can get some advantage somehow in this line, but there seems to be an important decision to be made at move 10 - just when the line ends, alas.
    – Evargalo
    Sep 10, 2020 at 10:39
  • The knight exchange only assissts White's development, so there is no reason to prevent it. Be5 holds the d-pawn. Only thing to note is O-O-O by White is not yet possible due to ...Bg4.
    – B.Swan
    Sep 10, 2020 at 10:46
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    @Evargalo I just checked with an engine and sacrificing the d-pawn seems to be very good for White aswell. I have added both lines.
    – B.Swan
    Sep 10, 2020 at 12:05

There's nothing wrong with the Scandinavian. The reason why it has fallen out of favor is because it gives White a slight advantage, and Black loses some tempi with the queen.

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    This is pretty much repeating what OP said in his question. By the way, if if gives White an slight advantage, then there is indeed something wrong with it, at least at a theoretical level
    – David
    Sep 10, 2020 at 10:42
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    @David most openings give White a slight advantage, no?
    – Allure
    Sep 11, 2020 at 2:05
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    @allure There are better openings which minimize the advantage.
    – user24344
    Sep 11, 2020 at 3:24

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