I was wondering how many queens can be put on boards without the position being a forced checkmate or a forced stalemate. The best I came up with is 53 this position.


Is there a way to fit 54 or more queens, given the constraints)? And if not, how would one show that more queens cannot be placed?

  • "(forced mate) or stalemate" or "forced (mate or stalemate)"? ;)
    – Annatar
    Jun 5 '20 at 10:27
  • 1
    Edited to make clearer Jun 6 '20 at 11:41

57 Queens:


(edited FEN, White to move).
(2edited, thanks Noam D. Elkies)

  • 1
    It is not clear in the OP, but I imagine the side with the queens was supposed to be on the move ?
    – Evargalo
    Jun 5 '20 at 10:46
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    @Evargalo Then imagine White King on b3 to start. Kc2 is the only legal move. Jun 5 '20 at 10:48
  • Sure, this solution is valid then.
    – Evargalo
    Jun 5 '20 at 10:49
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    I think you can squeeze one more Queen out of this nice setup by changing the Ba2 to a Black Queen for a total of 57. Jun 6 '20 at 17:29
  • 3
    Whoa, you're right! The question didn't say Queens of only one colour! Jun 6 '20 at 19:14

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