Regarding your question, as far as I remember, both lines hold.
Bf5 gave White a lot of options to fight for an advantage. It got revamped with the help of the computers, Black seeking to generate more active counter-play by castling short instead of long, but I had no courage to try those positions out as they were too wild for my taste.
Nd7 was regarded as more solid, giving White less attacking options, but also requires more enterprising play from Black.
q.undertow is right. There is no safe line in the Caro-Kann.
Allow me to explain why:
Since it's creation, it was considered inferior to French defense, masters arguing that
1...c6 is too slow, Black not fighting energetically enough for the center. This fact gives White enough time to put pressure on Black. This will always be the case with Caro, Black argues that he will be able to withstand the pressure and cash in White's over-extension in the endgame.
In some lines, White plays outrageous moves, almost "all-in"-ing, forcing Black to invest reasonable risk, in order not to lose. These positions are ugly for the eye of the beholder, but that does not matter. What matters is that objectively, the positions are sound and not inferior for Black.
Before the endgame, comes middlegame. Relinquishing initiative to White, Black will have to defend some serious threats and nobody in the old days knew just how far can White go with his aggression. They tried to play positionally, relying on general principles, but this approach gave only a small plus for White, so he turned to "all-in"-ing, backed by computer analysis. These new moves broke every principle they could, but still remained viable, forcing Black to reply in equal manner in order not to get crushed, generating mind-boggling positions.
Sadly, it is White who steers the game, so if he wants to, he can drag you into sharp positions. Positional lines hold for Black (last time I checked) so you should have no problems there as their plans are not difficult to grasp.
If you do get dragged in the complications, book yourself up, you won't be able to save yourself with calculation and general principles. From my experience, it was harder to play as Black, more stress, easier to make a mistake, less options to generate counter-play...