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After watching a series of ChessBase India videos on YouTube, it is clear that GM's can easily remember 100s (possibly 1000's) of positions. Look at this one example by Vidit Gujrathi: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UebAM1CDxn8

My question: For amateurs, what are some good strategies to try to recognize a position and understand which opening it came from?

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    It's important to note that being able to memorize so many positions is a consequence of being very very good and that the converse is not true. – Noah Caplinger Dec 4 '19 at 4:33
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You really have a couple of questions here.

First, when it comes to memorization in chess, it has been shown that the more positions you have seen, the more likely you are to remember other positions. I remember once that GM Susan Polgar was given some random chess positions, and she remembered the "normal" ones exceptionally well, however, when the positions were more random, she remembered at a rate that was roughly what anyone else remembered them.

There are books, unrelated to chess, that deal with learning to memorize better. I would love to see Master Simon Reinhard, World Memory Champion, write a book on memorizing specifically aimed at chess memorization.

Here are a couple more articles specifically on memorization that you might find interesting.

  1. Memory Techniques: the Peg system (Part One)
  2. Memory Techniques: the Peg system (Part Two)
  3. Memory Techniques: the chess equation

Your second question, "what are some good strategies to try to recognize a position and understand which opening it came from?", is more about applying any memorization techniques to learning opening pawn structures, and the plans that are associated with them.

There are many books on this from the very basic, "Chess Opening Essentials: The Complete Series" by New In Chess to the classic "Pawn Structure Chess" by GM Andy Soltis to the more advanced, and outstanding, "Chess Structures: A Grandmaster Guide" by GM Mauricio Flores Rios.

These types of books teach you what you are aiming for in the opening, in general, and thus, when your opponent does not play "book" moves, you are not just lost with no idea what to do. You just have to read these types of books, and absorb some of the positions, and then you are back to the experiment with GM Polgar, even if not on the same level. You will begin to memorize, and recognize more.

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World champion Lasker said that he did not memorize anything that he could deduce for himself.

You need to know the BASIC tactical positions and mates but you do not need to memorize thousands of positions. If you have seen the position and understand the motif then you will be able to do it in similar positions in your games.

As to world champions and GMs they do not memorize the positions but they use pattern recognition to realise it is there then they can easily see the full combination to play.

  • The previous comment stream had nothing to do with the question and got completely out of hand. Please keep personal comments off this forum and keep it polite. Thank you, your Moderation Team. – Brian Towers Dec 4 '19 at 17:38
  • While I will refrain from getting back in it with you, I will reiterate that I believe the last paragraph of your answer to be wrong, and that GMs, and especially world champions, do enormous amounts of memorization. It is the main reason for Fischer-Random chess...to do away with opening memorization. It is also one of the reasons why World Champion, Vladimir Kramnik just proposed doing away with castling. Comparing Lasker, when opening theory was in its infancy, is not a good comparison to today's GMs. – PhishMaster Dec 5 '19 at 10:49
  • Yes, GMs need to understand, but they spend enormous amounts of time studying openings with computers, and then memorizing the results. Many top GMs are famous for their memories, and Kasparov was renowned for his preparation with computers, and yes, memorizing what he found so he could use it. Yes, lower-rated players do not have to do this, and understanding is more important. At top levels, memorization is a HUGE factor. – PhishMaster Dec 5 '19 at 10:50
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Simply you memorize just like everything else, repeat the opening positions.

The most common method to recognize the opening is by the pawn structure. Since it's suggested that you only move a couple of pawns in the opening, although there are exceptions such as https://www.chessgames.com/perl/chessgame?gid=1282302, the opening can be reduced to a few openings based upon where the pawns are and which are exchanged.

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