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This question already has an answer here:

It's white's move and the king can't move.

Why was this game drawn? I should have won it I think.

marked as duplicate by Phonon, Brian Towers, Herb Wolfe, Glorfindel, Wais Kamal Jan 4 at 20:28

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  • There are three ways to win a chess game: by checkmate, by time, and by forfeit. None of those have happened here. – Nuclear Wang Jan 4 at 15:54
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Welcome to the site. What you described is the definition of stalemate, not checkmate. The enemy king not being able to move anywhere (while it's not attacked) is stalemate. That's why the game was drawn.

For a checkmate, you'd need to trap the king and be attacking it at the same time.

If it seems weird that stalemate is a draw, you're not alone. The 3rd world champion Capablanca argued that stalemate be considered a win. Nevertheless, the rules of chess dictate otherwise.

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You will need to understand when we win/lose or draw in chess. The result is positive for someone when:

  • A player resigns.
  • A player forfeits.
  • A player is cheating (caught when playing, in rated FIDE games).
  • A player is checkmated.

Draw is when:

  • There is an agreement between the two players.
  • There have been a three-fold repetition.
  • The position is stalemate.


Checkmate

Checkmate is the situation where the opponent's king is checked by a piece of us, but it has no free squares to go (he is trapped). The game is over then.


Stalemate

Stalemate is the situation where the opponent's king is not checked by a piece of us, but it has no free squares to go (he is trapped). The game is immediately draw then.

Please note that stalemate happens when only opponent moves; he has no other piece to move and the reason mentioned above.

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