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This question already has an answer here:

I just played a game of chess on my Mac and the Mac shows me this as a draw (I'm white). I can't get my head around it. Why is this a draw?enter image description here

marked as duplicate by Phonon, Glorfindel, Herb Wolfe, SmallChess, Dag Oskar Madsen Nov 15 '18 at 10:26

This question has been asked before and already has an answer. If those answers do not fully address your question, please ask a new question.

  • +1 to your question Jan – Akash Roy Nov 14 '18 at 19:09
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This is a case of stalemate. Black has no legal moves available, therefore the game is drawn.

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This type of situation is called a stalemate in which the opponent is unable to play the next move ( probably because of king's check) but is not completely checkmated. To avoid it, ensure that you completely mate the opponent king. The probability of this kind of situation occuring is increased when you have more pieces (like Rook, Queen which can mate the king) and you don't actually know which piece is already blocking the opponent king's road beforehand.

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