I've recently discovered that I really enjoy playing 1... g6 and that it tends to give me better results as black than opening with my d or e pawns. However, a few times now the computer opponent I play against has opened with something like 1. g3 or 1. Nf3 and proceeded in hypermodern style instead of trying to occupy the center. I've been playing 1... g6 anyway, but I feel like I don't really know what I'm doing then—I can set up a decently defensive position the same way I would against a classic attack, but I usually end up playing super passively, probably not putting enough pressure on white.

At the level of general principles, what should I look for when playing hypermodern vs. hypermodern? (Or, as a frame challenge, are there reasons that I should try to occupy the center myself instead?)

If it helps for context, I play what I think is just above beginner level; I can hold my own against the app on my phone when it's set to ELO 1200 (though the app doesn't say if this is calibrated to compare to a FIDE ELO, a USCF ELO or something else).

I am aware of this related question.

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    Such an answer would be highly opinion based. There are no general principals that apply to hypermodern vs. hypermodern that is different from other opening play. – Ywapom Apr 9 '18 at 0:31
  • I'm a bit unclear on what you're asking; are you asking about general strategy in hypermodern vs. hypermodern setups, or are you asking whether you should play hypermodern setups or classical setups in the opening? If it is the second question you're really asking, then I'd recommend the classical opening setups since you're a beginner and they're easier to understand. – Scounged Apr 9 '18 at 0:41
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    @Ywapom If it's really true that nothing changes when you're playing an opening designed to attack the opponent's center and the opponent isn't in the center, then that's an answer. I don't think it's any more opinion-based than a question asking about opening principles in general. – D M Apr 9 '18 at 2:16
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    I am baffled how such a practical chess question can be derided as "opinion-based". So much of chess is about judgement: and there can be real value in sharing approaches to openings. This is one area where chess.stackexchange needs to separate itself from other stackexchange sites. I suspect that this "opinion-based" category was set up in order to avoid heated disagreements, but that's not the tenor of chess. Maybe we need a meta question on this. – Laska Apr 9 '18 at 10:17
  • Your 1200 Elo rating is neither Fide Elo nor USCF Elo, it is just the Elo from the specific app you're using. – Evargalo Apr 11 '18 at 11:29

If you're learning and trying to get better (as opposed to just beat the computer), you will need to be able to play different kinds of positions (open, closed, semi-open, etc.), so I would recommend to try to play by occupying the center if your normal approach is to play in a hypermodern style. You may find that you begin to understand hypermodern principles and play on the flanks better from having to defend against, or otherwise counter, that style of play.

At your level, it's probably easier to play an opening like the King's Indian Attack that are more about setting up your pieces and following a system. When you get better and face steeper (human) competition, you will need to be more flexible and daring, although, for right now, it sounds like you are asking all the right questions!


Good question. I personally have tried as White to avoid advancing my center pawns and fiancheto one or both my Bishops, and control rather than occupy the center. For example I opened 1.b3. My experience tells me that Black can in fact set up a pawn center and have it solidly reinforced, thus equalizing. You get a center and now you have to be careful and watchful to not miss white's breaks (or even sacrifices) blowing up that center and leaving you with weak pawns.

Choose some key squares that you want to completely control and center your game on that. For instance, let's say you want to have a pawn d5 and you focus on hindering the e4 square, not allowing White to advance his/her pawn to e4 easily. Then you'd like a knight on f6 and maybe a bishop on f5 (or g6). You may also put a rook on e-file. Similarly, you may put a pawn on e5 and control the d4 square with a knight on c6, a well-placed dark squared bishop, etc.

It is usually impossible in practice to have two pawns in the center (say both e5 and d5) and yet protect them completely. So, do not get greedy for central pushes, having one pawn that is solid is better than having two that are shaky.

If you take into account whites c-d-e-f pawn pushes and subsequent exchanges and/or closings of the center, you should be fine. Usually a central control is a big advantage, and your opponent has to do something to free their pieces. If White does not want to advance his/her e and d pawns more than 1 square, how are they going to launch any serious initiative.

So, in summary, if Whit does not want the center, go ahead and occupy it yourself. Build up a solid center with pawns protecting pawns and pieces boosting them. You'll enjoy more space behind your pawns than your opponent will behind theirs!


Hypermodern openings allow for one player (originally Black, but systems have also been developed for White) to develop fast into a confined space and attack the pawn centre erected by the opponent.

So there's a key question: what happens if the opponent doesn't create an attackable pawn centre, and adopts a hypermodern system himself? In such a strategically symmetric positions, in the absence of genuinely better play from either side, I would expect that White would in the end tend to dominate, because Black has no strategic threats or counter-play, and White's initial initiative will persist.

So against equal or stronger positional opponents, Black might be better advised to become more proactive against White hypermodern systems (e.g. King's Indian Attack) which are often just the Black systems with an extra tempo. A player with a positional flair might still find the hypermodern mirror match-up attractive as Black though if he has the edge in positional thinking skills, and experience in understanding such configurations of pieces.

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