There are of course lots of tactical trainers out there, but I'm wonder if there are any that focus solely on the basic skill of spotting loose or hanging pieces. It is of course a trivial exercise when given enough time: one could just look at each piece in turn and see if it's being attacked/defended. Under time pressure, it's a different story: I often lose under time trouble not even due to a tactic but due to leaving a piece simply hanging.

I'm amazed that when I show a position to an expert, within a fraction of a second they have already spotted all the loose and hanging pieces, whereas I might take at least several seconds to do the same, and sometimes even miss some!

What I'm envisioning is something that shows a position and says "click on all the loose pieces" and the goal is to solve as many of these as possible within a certain amount of time. In other words, something like the Lichess coordinate training tool (https://lichess.org/training/coordinate) but for loose pieces instead of coordinates.

  • 1
    maybe observing piece combinations, such as rooks on the same file defend each other Commented Feb 14, 2018 at 15:17

5 Answers 5


I don't know of any such tool. A paid membership at ChessTempo might allow you to filter problems for the hanging piece motif. Not exactly the type of tool you imagine, but something comparable.

However I would argue against the usefulness of a tool that you describe for the following reason.

If I play chess (and I presume most other players beyond beginner level as well), I do not scan the board after every move for attacked pieces, which is what you are trying to train.

Instead I ask myself: "What did the last move change with regard to attacked pieces? There are only a few things that change if you move a piece:

  • the piece will attack new squares from its new position
  • the piece will stop attacking some squares that it used to attack on its old position
  • moving the piece can open lines/diagonals for other pieces to attack something
  • moving the piece can block lines/diagonals for other pieces

Of course, a move can also interrupt you from defending a piece or can create all kinds of multi-move tactics. You don't need to learn a new way of thinking to include these, as you advance in chess: just rephrase/generalize the question to: "What did the last move change with regard to the position?" Anyway, for the time being let's stick with attacked pieces which is what your question is about.

If you look a bit more careful you will soon recognize some features of chess pieces which make answering the question easier. For instance if you move a rook horizontally, it will still attack squares along the line that you moved it, however all the squares that it attacked vertically change. Similarly for the bishop: if you move it along one diagonal, it will essentially only change things along the other (perpendicular) diagonals.

Also, you can take into account the range of pieces to quickly assess whether something is getting attacked. For instance pawns are very short range and it is very easy to see whether they attack anything. Similarly if your opponent does some moving around far away from any action, behind his pawn chain (e.g. castling), chances are that this does not attack anything new.

So my recommendation would be to go with an incremental approach, storing the attacked pieces (later you will add all possible tactics/strategies) in your memory and update your memory after every move.

  • I agree that in a real game one can and should focus on the change in the position, so I expected this objection, but I know good players can spot loose pieces very quickly when seeing a position for the first time and thought developing such a skill wouldn't hurt. That said, I accept that this could very well be the reason no one has bothered to create such a tool.
    – itub
    Commented Feb 14, 2018 at 16:41
  • @itub: A large part of this also comes from experience through playing: If you put your bishop in 100 games on c4 you will know automatically that it attacks f7 from there.... There are lots of other motives that you will encounter. For instance putting a rook on the 2nd/7th rank will (most of the time) attack lots of pawns on the 2nd/7th rank. Or another example: If you move a pinned piece something behind it will be attacked. Commented Feb 14, 2018 at 21:33
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    @itub IMO in chess it is very important that you learn to think in such patterns and don't try to analyze the position piece by piece, square by square. Commented Feb 14, 2018 at 21:35

Lichess puzzle theme includes hanging pieces, link below:

One can access other motifs / themes using the following:


There is a web site with this type of training: https://tailuge.github.io/chess-o-tron/

Click on "Loose pieces" in right menu.


Years ago in correspondence chess games, I used to write down with a negative value the pieces that attack mine and with a positive value, that of the pieces that defended it. Two open source programs identify the boxes under attack and with colors, differentiate those that are equally defended from those at risk. These are SCID and Arena.


I know this is quite old, but I'm building a tool that can be used to train for that. It should be out in a couple of days. If you want to talk about it, you can join my discord server: https://discord.gg/7hZwq9j

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