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I bought a laptop, a Dell, model XPS 13. I found a technical review which mentioned the Fritz test:

Fritz is a chess benchmark that tests the computing capabilities of the CPU with various chess moves. The Intel Core i7-8550U managed to get 10.675 million moves per second. For comparison, one of the most powerful computers, Deep(er) Blue, was able to squeeze out 200 million moves per second. In 1997 Deep(er) Blue even beat the famous Garry Kasparov with 3.5 to 2.5.

But then I found this link that claims that even an iPhone 5s would be almost better than Deep Blue.

I am now confused, are Deep Blue and Deeper Blue different? Are algorithms more efficient today?

  • Can you add the link that you found? – Herb Wolfe Jan 3 '18 at 16:49
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    Also, very related, chess.stackexchange.com/questions/18332/… – Herb Wolfe Jan 3 '18 at 16:50
  • What do you mean by "better" and "more efficient"? Better in what, more efficient in what? Efficiency is not just all about how many things per second you analyse. – gented Jan 3 '18 at 17:12
  • @HerbWolfe sorry for the link I took it from another forum, anyway the reply is perfect, acceptad answer, thank you very much. Happy coding and chess everyone – trocchietto Jan 4 '18 at 13:36
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IBM claimed the machine could search for 200 million moves per second, while Stockfish in the recent AlphaZero match could "only" search for 80 million per seconds on a modern multi-core machines. But... it was unclear how exactly IBM derived the number. There's no universe definition on how an engine calculates number of moves per second. How it's done is implementation dependent. It's not always possible to compare engines by number of moves searched per seconds. There was a somewhat related discussion on Rybka:

http://talkchess.com/forum/viewtopic.php?t=30992&start=0&postdays=0&postorder=asc&highlight=report+engine+speed

Deep Blue is out-dated, it was made before this century. Please note I was too young for the project, so my understanding might not be 100% correct.

Deep Blue had a paper. I just had a quick 10 minutes look. Let's give a try:

  • 2018, nobody uses human grandmaster games for tuning
  • Deep Blue didn't focus on deep search as much as modern engines like Stockfish (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deep_Blue_(chess_computer)#Aftermath supports my argument)
  • Deep Blue was running on a dedicated machine. We don't do that in 2018.
  • IBM had 32GB hash table, we can do better than that in 2018
  • Deep Blue didn't have something known as null move pruning. (page 5 in the paper). I'm very confident all modern engines use it. It's a simple technique.
  • Deep Blue didn't use late move pruning (I failed to see in the paper)
  • Deep Blue used MPI for parallel search. This doesn’t happen anymore.
  • Deep Blue was running evaluation on hardware, make no sense in 2018. If Stockfish did that, you wouldn't be able to use the engine on an iPhone.
  • Deep Blue had very basic move ordering (http://www.talkchess.com/forum/viewtopic.php?t=64021&postdays=0&postorder=asc&topic_view=flat&start=10 by Alvaro Cardoso supports my argument)
  • Deep Blue had a 5-piece tablebase. Stockfish has 6.
  • Deep Blue pruned less than modern engines.
  • The algorithms was hardware specific (e.g. generating moves). We don't do that anymore in 2018. We have efficient 64 bits operations.
  • Does no one really use GM games for tuning anymore? I thought that the complete divorce from human theory was the big innovation for AlphaZero. I guess I’m curious what you mean by “tuning”. Is it just that the opening books and endgame tables that are/were used are mostly built and not modified on the basis of GM games anymore? – Dennis Jan 4 '18 at 22:58
  • Alpha zero didn’t use gm games. That was why google named it as “zero”. – SmallChess Jan 4 '18 at 23:03
  • yes I know, that’s why I was asking about other engines — I thought that was the innovation that set AlphaZero apart. – Dennis Jan 4 '18 at 23:04
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    Everytime I read you say 2018 my mind glitched for a bit haha, I guess I'm still in 2017... – Pedro A Jan 4 '18 at 23:32
  • Small nitpick: Deus X uses GM games for tuning. – Allure Dec 13 '18 at 3:22

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