# Why is pawn to d3 the best move here?

Total beginner at chess. I am analyzing a game I played.

The computer says the blue line here is the best:

``````r1bqr1k1/pp5p/2nb1p2/2p5/Q1Pp2pN/1P4B1/P3BPPP/4RRK1 b - - 0 1

1... d3
(1... Kg7 2. Bxd6 Qxd6 3. Nf5 Bxf5)
``````

Why? If I move my pawn there, the bishop takes it without worries, it seems?

I instead moved King to g7, hoping to lure the white knight in a trap. If he went for a fork on f5 attacking my queen and king, I would take the knight with my bishop.

By going King to g7, his bishop would take my bishop on d6, then I would take his bishop with my queen, and then he would make his knight move to f5 for the fork. Then I would take knight with my bishop.

Ignoring the potentially better play, is this a bad move in and of itself?

• You can't assume a player will make a move that drops a piece.
– Herb
Oct 13, 2017 at 3:45
• If you "ignore potentially better play" you might as well play b5 as black, hoping to win the queen on the next move. Or even a5, hoping white plays Qxa5. Chess is not that simple, unfortunately...
– TMM
Oct 15, 2017 at 17:50
• @Herb in general yes. in blitz/bullet/andrew tang/penguingm1 match and this is match point and i'm losing, can i assume?
– BCLC
Apr 10, 2021 at 18:02

``````r1bqr1k1/pp5p/2nb1p2/2p5/Q1Pp2pN/1P4B1/P3BPPP/4RRK1 b - - 0 1

1... d3
2. Bxd3 (2. Bd1 Bxg3 3. hxg3 d2 4. Rxe8+ Qxe8 5. Qb5 Qe5) Rxe1
3. Rxe1 Bxg3
4. Bxh7+ Kxh7
5. hxg3
``````

And Black wins the Bishop for two pawns.

Edit - I ran this position through Stockfish and was surprised to learn that Black is already about 2.5 pawns "up" while material is even.

The initial variation is inferior to the one that follows from Seth's suggestion below. My suggested move makes it much easier for Black. After Seth's "1. Bd1", there are no fireworks but it looks like Black improves his position with a dominating Queen in the center and a pawn on d2. Both players remained jammed up. If Black can activate his Rook and Bishop he's going to have a great game.

• To be clear about this: note that this is because after the move 1...d3, Black is opening up the d file; the capture of the bishop on g3 then reveals a discovered attack on the bishop on d3, winning the piece, and White's best recourse is to just get another pawn for it by intervening Bxh7+ before recapturing on g3. (If White captures immediately on g3 then Black just plays Qxd3; if White moves the bishop on d3 out of attack then Black just retreats their bishop away from g3 and out of harm's way - or if they're feeling saucy, Bxh2+ followed by g3+ and Qd6+ with a strong attack) Oct 13, 2017 at 18:19
• what happens when the Bishop goes to d1 instead of Bishop * d3 ?? Oct 14, 2017 at 6:27
• @SethProjnabrata Good idea. See variant and edit. Oct 14, 2017 at 14:17

By going King to g7, his bishop would take my bishop on d6, then I would take his bishop with my queen, and then he would make his knight move to f5 for the fork. Then I would take knight with my bishop.

You are playing "hope" chess. This boils down to -

"If I play Kg7 then he will play the bad move BxB (because he is stupid) then I will play QxB and he will play the blunder Nf5 check (because he is really, really stupid) and I will play BxN and will go on to win the game easily.

One of the first steps to moving from being a complete beginner to just being a weak player is to stop playing hope chess. When you calculate variations, instead of counting on your opponent playing really stupid moves in reply to your bad moves assume your opponent will play the best moves. That way you are less likely to play bad moves in the first place.

As Tony Ennis points out d3 was a good move because it wins a piece for two pawns. The flip side of that coin is that your Kg7 was a bad move because it lets your opponent off the hook when he can play something like Bd3 blockading your dangerous passer.

Tony explained why d3 is a good move. Brian explained why "hope chess" is bad in general, so I'll answer the question, "Is 1 ... Kg7 itself a bad move, and why?"

In chess, the your most valuable commodity is moves. Every move must work toward your victory. If you play a chancy move and it doesn't work, your opponent is strengthening his or her position. At a critical time, this can turn a crushing victory into a draw, or a draw into a crushing loss.

The short of it is, Kg7 is as almost bad as giving away a bishop for nothing.

I chose the move 1 ... f5 from your position. Like Kg7, it forgoes ... d3 and allows white to blockade the pawn. Unlike Kg7, it achieves 4 separate goals of strategic value. Afterward, I let Next Chess Move (running stockfish on 1 CPU core) play both sides. After f5, black is an anaconda suffocating its prey. White has no truly good moves for the rest of the game, and only a handful of self-directed moves.

``````[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "?"]
[Round "?"]
[White "?"]
[Black "?"]
[Result "?"]
[FEN "r1bqr1k1/pp5p/2nb1p2/2p5/Q1Pp2pN/1P4B1/P3BPPP/4RRK1 b - - 0 1"]

1... f5 {consolidates the pawns, expands the king-side pawn space, and forces:}
2. Bxb6 Qxb6 {the trade favors black due to the strength of white's bishop.  In addition it comes with tempo.  Essentially, black gets a free move of development.}
3. Bd3 Bd7 {In this line, Bd3 comes too late.  Black plays Bd7 and unites the rooks, forcing white to concede the open file.  Further, the x-ray attack on the queen will produce another move with tempo.}
4. Rd1 Nb4 {Knights are strongest on the 5th and 6th ranks with pawn support.  The knight now controls several squares inside of white territory.}
5. Qa3 f4 {f4 was a goal of f5.  Pawns are strongest side-by side, and this pawn-space strangles any thoughts of white activity on the king-side.}
6. Bb1 Re2
7. Qc1 Nxa2 {White's pieces are stuck on defense.  The only piece with immediate offensive prospects is the white bishop.}
8. Bxa2 Rxa2
9. g3 Re8 {Black activates the remaining rook.  All of black's pieces are in dynamic positions and black's pawn space is suffocating.  From here, things just get worse and worse for white.}
10. Ng2 f3
11. Nf4 Bf5 {One of few positive moves for white in the game.}
12. b4 Rc2
13. Qa3 c5xb4
14. Qxa7 b6
15. Nh5 Re7
16. Qa4 Rce2
17. Qa8 Rd7
``````

At this point, Next Chess move's evaluation is hovering around -5.0, meaning that black is functionally a rook ahead. It doesn't stop there. White has no prospects, while black has two passed pawns and active, cooperating pieces and plenty of space to work in. Black ultimately queens two of the pawns, one to win material and one permanently.

In comparison, here's how Kg7 plays out:

``````[Event "?"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "?"]
[Round "?"]
[White "?"]
[Black "?"]
[Result "?"]
[FEN "r1bqr1k1/pp5p/2nb1p2/2p5/Q1Pp2pN/1P4B1/P3BPPP/4RRK1 b - - 0 1"]

1... Kg7  {evaluation goes from -3.6 to -0.77, a full piece in difference.}
2. Bd3 Bxg3 {The trade is forced, or black will lose the bishop and the game after 3 RxR.}
3. h2xg3 Bd7 {This time, black is playing without the tempo gain from f5.}
4. Qa3 Rxe1 {The trade momentarily concedes the open file to white.}
5. Rxe1 Qf8
6. Qc1 Re8
7. Bf5 Qf7 {Black's pieces are stuck on defense.  Black is successfully contesting the open file, but the position is nearly equal.}
8. Qd1 h5
9. Rxe8 Bxe8 {Now black has no more active pieces.  The positions are still nearly equal.}
10. Qc1 Bd7
11. Bb1 Ne5 {One of the few positive moves for black in this game.}
12. Qa3 Qf8
13. Qxa7 Bc6
14. Qa5 d3 {Black finally threatens to advance the pawn, but it's much too late.}
15. Qc7+ Qf7
16. Nf5+ Kg6
17. Nh4+ Kg6
``````

Draw by repetition. White can't let up, or ... d2 wins the game. Black can't move anywhere but Kg6 and Kg7, or the queen is lost.

So that is the harm of moving 1... Kg7. It gives white time to stabilize, equalize, and find a draw in a game where black should achieve a crushing victory. You should notice that many of the moves are found in both games. But the slight change in timing changes everything about the outcome.

The idea is to lure White's Bishop to d3, so that it will be vulnerable to a discovered attack on it. The discovered attack happens when Black takes the Bishop on g3 with his own Bishop on d6, opening up the Queen to attack the now-vulnerable d3 Bishop.