What are the big events that big players visit? Do every big Tournament has an effect on the players rating?
closed as too broad by SmallChess, Glorfindel♦, Herb Wolfe, user1108, hoacin Jul 27 '17 at 8:46
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If you wish to know about tournaments for top players, I would direct you to 2700 chess (scroll down under the list of players).
If you consider a " big tournament" an open tournament with let's say 100 participants (and maybe 1 or 2 of them are top players), then do a search in some comprehensive chess calendar, e.g.: chess-calendar.eu or FIDE's calendar.
Not just the biggest tournaments affect player's FIDE rating, almost every small tournament can do that, too (all FIDE needs is some... money).
Therefore the only exceptions I can think of are friendly matches and alternative chess tournaments (Fischer's chess, Basque chess etc.).