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I want to know how I can get advantages in a chess game and what the different types of advantages are, e.g. space and positional advantages?

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The question isn't very clear...

An advantage in chess could be many different things:

  • Space advantages by the pawn structure
  • Pieces mobility/activity
  • Pieces coordination
  • Strong and weak square
  • Pawn structure (isolated pawn, double or tripled pawn, majority or minority, backward pawn on open and/or close line)
  • King safety
  • Good or bad pieces
  • Etc...

There are many forms of advantages, and I certainly forgot some...

And one way to get an advantage is to build on the very small advantages you have in your position at the end of the opening.

For example, in the main line of the King's Indian defense, white has space advantages but the king is under serious pressure.

I hope this helps a bit...

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  • thnx that was helpful – king Jan 9 '17 at 15:10
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    Good answer. I would add that usually you have a mix of advantages and "disadvantages". For instance you could have an advantage in piece activity but have a worse pawn structure. Evaluating whether these different factors compensate each other or how they add up to an overall score (advantage/disadvantage) is not straightforward and requires lots of experience. When playing you want to make use of your advantages, but also, if you have a chance improve on your disadvantages. – user1583209 Jan 9 '17 at 15:16
  • thank you, can you advise me a book for that, I think I should consider all these factors before I make a move, I studied courses and books but it seems I'm still a beginner :D – king Jan 9 '17 at 15:42
  • For a book, i recommend "Creative Chess Strategy" from Alfonso Romero, i read it in french but it was my very first chess book i read time ago ! – Sylvain Julmy Jan 10 '17 at 9:08
  • @king: Much better than a book IMO is if you can find a stronger player to discuss/analyze your games with you with regard to these factors. As a second choice, find annotated games and try to see whether those annotations make sense to you. Thirdly, on various websites (e.g. chess24, youtube....) you can find "banter chess", i.e. master players streaming online games while commenting on their line of thoughts. The latter might be more suitable if you are not beginner anymore. – user1583209 Jan 10 '17 at 20:35
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These all could be considered potential imbalances in the Silman universe. Because, you know, that is what chess really is all about.

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