I have used e.g. the game of paper, stone and scissors. Is there another method which determines who has white or black? If so, what is the method?
White always moves first. To determine who plays white in a friendly game, you can:
- Toss a coin
- Roll a dice
- Play an even number of games, alternating sides
- Play rock-paper-scissors
- One player takes a white pawn and black pawn, and secretly places one in each hand. The other player picks the hand and therefore the colour to play
- Use any other agreed method
In tournament play, who plays which colour is determined by the organisers and you should be informed of which colour to play before each game. If you are unsure, ask an arbiter or an organiser for clarification.
Please note that the initiative is a specific chess term defined below:
Initiative in a chess position belongs to the player who can make threats that cannot be ignored.
Pawn hand - you hold a white pawn in one hand and black pawn in the other. Your opponent picks a hand, and the color of the pawn he gets is the color he plays.
Flipping a coin.
Randomly generating a number x in a set of n numbers. If x is a number in the first half of the set, you go first. Else, your opponent goes first.