Former world champion JR Capablanca was not a particularly good opening player. Yet he was the "champ" because once he survived the opening, he played better middle and endgames than others. And this occurred because he was able to play a handful of openings time and time again.

Late in his career, he had particular difficulties against Russian masters. Not only the stars like Alekhine, Botvinnik, and Keres, but even second-rank Russian players. A major reason was that they played varied and complicated openings, and got the "jump" on Capablanca in this part of the game.

Why didn't non-Russian players do more to take Capablanca out of his familiar opening lines?

  • This may be due to the development of hypermodern ideas in opening theory. Hypermodern play hadn't really been advanced in Capablanca's day and with the exception of Reti players thought the Queen's Gambit Declined was the only way to play against 1.d4.
    – magd
    Commented Jul 14, 2016 at 19:36
  • @magd: But the Russians were among the first to explore Queen's Gambit Accepted. Why didn't the others do the same?
    – Tom Au
    Commented Jul 14, 2016 at 21:00
  • Maybe the Russians had worked out the theory but the others hadn't. This wasn't in the days of games broadcast on the internet.
    – magd
    Commented Jul 15, 2016 at 11:11
  • 1
    @magd: So maybe the answer is the Russians had cooperated to "work out the theory" together (because they were in the same country together), and the others hadn't?
    – Tom Au
    Commented Jul 15, 2016 at 14:00

1 Answer 1


Capablanca's non-Russian rivals did not press him hard in the opening because they didn't know how:

Capa continued to dominate until the unthinkable happened: He lost his world title to Alekhine. A grossly overconfident Capa entered the match unprepared psychologically for the new and improved Alekhine. In the end Capa lost the match because he had never previously been tested to the degree with which Alekhine pressed him.

Source: Capablanca: Move by Move by Cyrus Lakdawala. Emphasis is mine

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