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This question already has an answer here:

I started a game (with the black pieces) where I have the possibilty to play the Grünfeld that I never played before.

1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.Nc3 d5

I want to know what's the main idea behind it, especially for black, since I heard that it could lead to sharp positions and complications (even Kasparov had a hard time playing it against Karpov)

marked as duplicate by user1108, GloriaVictis, Glorfindel, Cleveland, ETD Jun 28 '16 at 1:59

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The main idea behind the Grünfeld is that Black momentarily concedes the center to White, only to attack it later.

For example, in the Exchange variation, White often gets a pawn center (c3, d4, e4) while Black will put it under pressure (especially aimed at the white d-pawn). Below is a diagram with a typical pawn structure for this variation, and some black pieces on squares where they can often be found.

[FEN "3r2k1/pp2ppbp/2n3p1/q1p5/3PP3/2P5/P4PPP/4K3 w - - 0 1"]
  • Thanks, this answer fits more what I was asking for than the former post answer ! – Koblenz Jun 28 '16 at 10:08

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