One well-known automaton is The Turk. But which was the first one and when was it constructed?
EDIT : I'm also ok with fake automatons (as the Turk was)
The first chess machine:
"In 1769 the Hungarian engineer Baron Wolfgang von Kempelen built a chess playing machine for the amusement of the Austrian Queen Maria Theresia. It was a purely mechanical device, shaped like a Turk. Naturally its outstanding playing strength was supplied by a chess master cleverly hidden inside the device. The machine was a fake."!
So "the Turk" that you mentioned was the first one.