Besides gaining reputation with your questions and answers, you receive badges for being especially helpful. Badges appear on your profile page, flair, and your posts.

Question Badges

First bounty you manually award on another person's question
12 awarded
First bounty you manually award on your own question
28 awarded
Ask a well-received question on 5 separate days, and maintain a positive question record
184 awarded
First bounty you offer on another person's question
16 awarded
Question score of 10 or more
1k awarded
Question with 1,000 views
2k awarded
First bounty you offer on your own question
44 awarded
Ask a question and accept an answer
1.4k awarded
First question with score of 1 or more
2.3k awarded

Answer Badges

Edit and answer 1 question (both actions within 12 hours, answer score > 0)
64 awarded
Answer score of 10 or more
1.7k awarded
Answer more than 30 days after a question was asked as first answer scoring 2 or more
280 awarded
Answer your own question with score of 3 or more
72 awarded
Answer a question with score of 1 or more
2.2k awarded

Participation Badges

Complete "About Me" section of user profile
8.1k awarded
Visit an election during any phase of an active election and have enough reputation to cast a vote
207 awarded
Leave 10 comments
460 awarded
Earn at least 200 reputation (the daily maximum) in a single day
60 awarded
Followed the Area 51 proposal for this site before it entered the commitment phase
27 awarded
One post with score of 2 on meta
158 awarded
Post 10 messages, with 1 or more starred, in chat
18 awarded

Tag Badges

You must have a total score of 100 in at least 20 non-community wiki answers to achieve this badge.
99 awarded

Moderation Badges

First flagged post
489 awarded
First rollback
43 awarded
First down vote
527 awarded
Complete at least one review task. This badge is awarded once per review type
650 awarded
Delete own post with score of 3 or higher
10 awarded
First edit
1.6k awarded
Edit first post that was inactive for 6 months
147 awarded
First retag
127 awarded
Delete own post with score of -3 or lower
44 awarded
Approve or reject 100 suggested edits
10 awarded
Use 30 votes in a day
72 awarded
First up vote
4.8k awarded
First approved tag synonym
8 awarded
First tag wiki edit
56 awarded
Use the maximum 40 votes in a day
50 awarded

Other Badges

Share a link to a post later visited by 25 unique IP addresses
45 awarded
Read the entire tour page
1.7k awarded

Retired Badges

Visited every section of the FAQ
53 awarded
Asked a question with zero score, no answers, no comments, and low views for a week
39 awarded