Retrograde analysis is the method of solving for optimal play by working backwards from a given position or outcome.

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Puzzle rebus. Reproduce the game

There is a chess "rebus" puzzle: In this position white circles correspond to white chess pieces, black - to black. Each letter corresponds to exactly one piece type (king, queen, rook, knight, ...
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About retrograde analysis

Raymond Smullyan wrote some great books with Retrograde Analysis chess puzzles. I know of two, are there others?
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Stockfish's algorithm

I'm trying to understand how stockfish thinks, how calculates best move... i'm reading open source code, but it's not clear. I want to know, should i know some theory about algorithms to understand ...
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Puzzle. Find color of the pieces

Please help me to find solution of the next puzzle: Colours of the pieces on the diagram is unknown. The diagram can be obtained in a game. One needs to find colour of each piece: Black or White. ...
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Is there retrograde analysis puzzle like “Point on the incorrectly drawn chess piece”?

Does anybody know a nice chess puzzle, where question states: "Exactly one piece is drawn incorrectly on this diagram, another piece must be drawn on it's position. Find incorrectly drawn piece."? One ...
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Puzzle: Find White's second-to-last move

For the following position to occur in legal play, with Black on move, what would White's second-to-last move need to have been? Note that Black is checked by two pieces on the h1-h8 file and two ...
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Puzzle: reconstruct the game

In the following position, each side has made exactly 4 moves (8 in total). [fen "rnbqkbnr/pp3ppp/2p1p3/8/4P3/8/PPPP1PPP/RNBQK1NR w KQkq - 0 1"] I need to find what these moves were.
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Creating the current position having the rest of the game

It's a question a friend of mine brought up and I found intriguing. Let's say you have the records of a game from a certain move to the end, using standard notation (i.e. Qf6). Either assuming random ...
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Is there fiction dealing with retrograde chess analysis?

I am interested in retrograde analysis problems, where the question usually is: 'What was the last move made?' or 'Where did the piece stand on the board before it fell from the table?' etc. ...