Questions relating to the history of chess, whose origins trace to the ancient Indian game of chaturanga.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

1
vote
1answer
76 views

Chess players who committed murder

Apart from Raymond Weinstein, are there any other examples of chess players of at least Master strength who committed murder?
1
vote
1answer
57 views

What was the last open tournament Anand participated in before this Gibraltar 2016 event?

When and what was the last open tournament that Vishy Anand participated in before this 2016 Gibraltar Open ?
5
votes
2answers
136 views

Kasparov quote reference

Kasparov apparently said: By strictly observing Botvinnik's rule regarding the thorough analysis of one's own games, with the years I have come to realize that this provides the foundation ...
6
votes
0answers
94 views

Source of this chess problem?

[FEN "8/8/8/6pp/6pk/R7/6KP/8 w - - 0 1"] 1. Rh3+ gxh3+ 2. Kf3 g4+ 3. Kf4 g3 4. hxg3# 1-0 What is the source of this simple chess problem (White to mate in four) which somebody showed me at a chess ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

Is prophylaxis a feature of the hypermoderne school?

Wikipedia mentions prophylaxis in the article of hypermodernism in chess. But is it really a feature of the hypermoderne school? I have not seen prophylaxis in any other book or article about ...
18
votes
4answers
5k views

Are contemporary chess players now stronger than players in the 90's or 80's?

For example, take a Class A today and Class A from the 90's. Would the contemporary Class A be stronger because of the updates of opening theory or contemporary changes in chess play?
4
votes
1answer
198 views

Where does the word 'gambit' come from?

According to Merriam Webster's Dictionary, a gambit is a chess opening in which a player risks one or more pawns or a minor piece to gain an advantage in position. But I was wondering, why do we ...
5
votes
1answer
172 views

Which is the oldest chess game?

Chess has more than 1000 years of existence and chess pieces got their actual personality (their way of moving) in the 15th century in Spain. But which is the oldest chess game of which we know the ...
3
votes
2answers
384 views

Could you estimate Napoleon's (or other historic persons) Elo on the base of his known games?

I wonder if there is a possibility to calculate/estimate the Elo rating Napoleon would have today by analysing his known games? Is it possible at all to calculate an Elo rating only with some ...
3
votes
2answers
126 views

What are the dates of end-game table completion for 2 pieces, 3 pieces, all the way to 7 pieces?

I'm curious to get a rough sense for when chess could be solved if Moore's law, and algorithm improvements continue, and I thought a good way to get a rough idea would be to extrapolate based on when ...
5
votes
4answers
663 views

Why are there 64 squares on a chessboard?

My question is, why not 36, 49, 81 or some other square number? Do any historical sources point to how and why chess came to be played on 64 squares in particular? Has it always been so?
3
votes
1answer
125 views

Professional match where neither player castles?

Are there any professional matches from serious players where neither player castles during the course of the game?
3
votes
1answer
261 views

Why does the game end at checkmate and not upon taking the king? [duplicate]

Ever since I was a kid this has felt kind of odd to me. Victory in chess is achieved by "cornering" the king, and not by taking him outright, like what you do to all the other pieces. I always ...
7
votes
1answer
96 views

Which was the first televised/video-recorded WCC match?

I was thinking about the way that chess has taken to being streamed recently and it got me wondering how far back one could go if they were to watch WCC matches instead of playing through them. So ...
2
votes
1answer
260 views

Elo rating of the best player from the 19th century, if he played today?

Take the best player from the 19th century, at his prime, and imagine he started playing tournaments today. He can't learn new stuff. What Elo would he achieve?
2
votes
0answers
79 views

Complete game Szabo-Groszpeter Kecskemet 1984

I search the complete game Szabo-Groszpeter Kecskemet 1984. The following knight endgame was reached and White won eventually with the paradox move Kb8!! blocking his b-pawn on b7. [fen ...
3
votes
3answers
149 views

Adjusting in ones turn only

There is this touch-move rule which doesnt apply when the player says "Adjust" . Wikipedia says : To adjust the position of a piece on its square without being required to move it. A player ...
5
votes
1answer
558 views

Can you identify this game? (mate in 10)

I vaguely remember it being from a game played in the USSR ca. 1960. I'm certain it was from before 1985. [fen "2k1r2r/ppn3pq/b7/5p2/5Qn1/2N1B1P1/1P3PB1/2RR2K1 w - - 0 1"]
7
votes
2answers
394 views

About Alan Turing and chess

I read Turing had some algorithm or method he could use to play chess 'against' this pen and paper algorithm assigning certain numerical values to each piece. Is this true? Is there a pen and paper ...
3
votes
1answer
75 views

Women in Chess - First women-only event.

What was the first women-only event held in Chess history?
1
vote
2answers
77 views

“Chess is art” who was the first one to use this quote?

Who was the very first one to ever use the quote "Chess is art"? Like who was the first one?
5
votes
1answer
262 views

Queen with Knight capabilities

I find it interesting that the Queen can move with the same capabilities as the Rook and the Bishop, but cannot 'jump' or move like the Knight, I understand that this would overpower the queen but ...
2
votes
1answer
78 views

What was Verdoni's first name?

Did you know that Verdoni was known to be a chess champion in the 19th century, but what was his first name?
4
votes
1answer
234 views

What was the longest World Championship game?

The recently concluded Game 7 of the 2014 Carlsen-Anand match went to move 122 before a draw was reached due to insufficient material. Is this the longest game played in a World Chess Championship ...
1
vote
0answers
139 views

Which international tournament chess game has the record of longest sequence of forced moves until checkmate?

I want to know which international game has the longest sequence of forced moves until checkmate, even if the opponent resigned the game. Thanks in advance. Note : Result should not be drawn [1/2 - ...
5
votes
3answers
628 views

Why did Spassky play the King's Gambit?

If the King's Gambit is unsound, how could a world champion play it often?
3
votes
0answers
79 views

Has the Soviet movie “Grandmaster” ever been translated into English?

I am looking for audio or subtitle English translation of this movie http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0382724/ - does anyone know if that is available anywhere?
8
votes
5answers
3k views

Why are there separate tournaments for men and women?

Why are there separate tournaments for men and women? It is obvious that in physical sports men have a huge advantage, but what is the reason why in chess we differentiate by gender?
6
votes
1answer
228 views

Where can I find Pauls' 1874 article on the n-queens problem?

Where can I find the following article, which concerns the n-queens problem? E. Pauls, Das Maximalproblem der Damen auf dem Schachbrete, II, Deutsche Schachzeitung. Organ f¨ur das Gesammte ...
6
votes
2answers
292 views

How to interpret lifetime score

I can not understand what the following numbers mean: Gligorić had the following record against the world champions he played against: Max Euwe +2 -0 =5, Mikhail Botvinnik +2 −2 =6, Vasily ...
4
votes
1answer
140 views

Where did this Emanuel Lasker quote come from?

In the book by the late master Irving Chernev "The Chess Companion" he gives a list of chess quotes. My favourite one was: "The student can learn more in ten hours of properly tutored instruction ...
2
votes
10answers
1k views

What are some chess songs? [closed]

What are some songs about chess? Historical songs; pop songs; singalong songs, hymns, anthems; whatever you can find.
1
vote
2answers
227 views

Which rule was recently introduced/modified in chess officially?

Chess have lot of interesting rules such as castling,enpassent,50 move rule,stalemate etc. Now i have interested to know history behind chess rules introduction. Can anybody explain Which rule was ...
3
votes
5answers
227 views

What chess *scoring* alternatives exist?

Chess (often being classified as a sport) stands almost alone among sports in that its results are of a strictly ternary nature that is not quantified any further: The only possible outcomes are a ...
4
votes
2answers
936 views

Has any other Grandmaster gone as long undefeated as Capablanca?

Between 1916 and 1924, future World Champion J.R. Capablanca (as of 1921) experienced a period of eight years without a single (tournament) defeat. He was then regarded as one of the world's best ...
7
votes
1answer
155 views

earliest text which mentions pawn promotion rule

My question is about the history of the pawn promotion rule (promotion to a queen). What is the earliest existing text (authentic written document in any language) which mentions the pawn ...
4
votes
1answer
151 views

How did the Grand Prix Attack get its name?

The moves 1. e4 c5 2. Nc3 Nc6 3. f4 characterize the Grand Prix Attack in the Sicilian defense. [FEN "rnbqkbnr/pppppppp/8/8/8/8/PPPPPPPP/RNBQKBNR w KQkq - 0 1"] 1. e4 c5 2. Nc3 Nc6 3. f4 ...
16
votes
5answers
2k views

Which notable players in chess history successfully used dubious openings?

I am reminded of a famous game between Karpov and Tony Miles where Miles played 1...a6 against Karpov's 1. e4 and still won the game. [FEN "rnbqkbnr/pppppppp/8/8/4P3/8/PPPP1PPP/RNBQKBNR b KQkq ...
5
votes
2answers
566 views

20th Century Grand Master who had the highest draw percentage in his career?

Title says it all. For my own part; I am looking to learn and adopt a play style which does not necessarily win, but is typified as being incredibly difficult to actually win against.
2
votes
2answers
206 views

has the success of computers reduced the stature of chess as an 'intellectual' sport/game?

As human beings, we know that there are different aspects of intelligence. Often, innovation and creativity are considered to be higher levels of intelligence. Whereas, the ability to calculate is ...
6
votes
6answers
7k views

Is chess a sport? If yes, then why?

Sometimes (e.g. at some schools) chess is considered to be a sport. Is chess a sport? I view sport as a physical activity. For instance, if a doctor asks you "Are you doing any sports?" would your ...
2
votes
1answer
198 views

Paul Morphy vs Henry Bird missing games.

The Historical Chess Ratings page claims that Paul Morphy played 12 games with Henry Bird, with a final score of 10.5 - 1.5 (Kasparov's book My Great Predecessors Part I also mentions this (page 55), ...
9
votes
2answers
444 views

Is the first game of World Chess Championship 2013 shortest game in WCC history?

First game of World Chess Championship 2013, Carlsen vs. Anand ended up drawn after just 16 moves. Is this shortest game in the history of world chess championship?
6
votes
3answers
8k views

Why is the king powerless and the queen powerful?

There's a discussion on meta whether historical questions are allowed or no, and it seems to me that it it's allowed as long as it deals with Chess. Historically, real kings were powerful, (Alexander ...
6
votes
5answers
768 views

Games that are famous because of their underlying story

I would like this question to be Community Wiki because I hope to collect several answers. Can you name famous games where part of the fame comes from the circumstances surrounding the game? I hope ...
5
votes
2answers
548 views

THE longest problem ever (much longer than the mere 517 mover…)

The "Fireside Book of Chess" by I. Chernev and F. Reinfeld includes the following diagram [fen "3nk3/3NN3/3PP3/3BB3/3PP3/3PP3/3PP3/2RQKR2 w - - 0 1"] Composed by J.N. Babson for Bretano's Chess ...
2
votes
2answers
226 views

Professional games that ended with mate

What are some professional games where the losing side did not resign before receiving mate? And how sure are people of the record? In old books they did not care much for complete historical ...
6
votes
1answer
312 views

What are the different rules for claiming a draw?

According to the current FIDE rules of chess: The game is drawn upon a correct claim by the player having the move, when the same position, for at least the third time (not necessarily by a ...
4
votes
1answer
242 views

Which was that Marshall's game with that spectacular Queen sac?

Which was the game where Marshall, I think that with Black, made a spectacular Queen sac in g3 (White pawns on f2, g2, and h2, King in g1). The Black Queen could be taken with the f and h pawns and ...
12
votes
2answers
2k views

Is there an origin or story of where the pieces that make a chess game got their name from?

I understand why there would be a king and queen but I would love to know where the idea to call pieces what they are - such as the Rook, Knight, Bishop and Pawn - came from. Is there any background ...