Questions relating to the history of chess, whose origins trace to the ancient Indian game of chaturanga.

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Which international tournament chess game has the record of longest sequence of forced moves until checkmate?

I want to know which international game has the longest sequence of forced moves until checkmate, even if the opponent resigned the game. Thanks in advance. Note : Result should not be drawn [1/2 - ...
2
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2answers
198 views

Why did Spassky play the King's Gambit?

If the King's Gambit is unsound, how could a world champion play it often?
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0answers
45 views

Has the Soviet movie “Grandmaster” ever been translated into English?

I am looking for audio or subtitle English translation of this movie http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0382724/ - does anyone know if that is available anywhere?
6
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1answer
171 views

Where can I find Pauls' 1874 article on the n-queens problem?

Where can I find the following article, which concerns the n-queens problem? E. Pauls, Das Maximalproblem der Damen auf dem Schachbrete, II, Deutsche Schachzeitung. Organ f¨ur das Gesammte ...
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2answers
246 views

How to interpret lifetime score

I can not understand what the following numbers mean: Gligorić had the following record against the world champions he played against: Max Euwe +2 -0 =5, Mikhail Botvinnik +2 −2 =6, Vasily ...
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0answers
72 views

Where did this Emanuel Lasker quote come from?

In the book by the late master Irving Chernev "The Chess Companion" he gives a list of chess quotes. My favourite one was: "The student can learn more in ten hours of properly tutored instruction ...
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10answers
649 views

What are some chess songs? [closed]

What are some songs about chess? Historical songs; pop songs; singalong songs, hymns, anthems; whatever you can find.
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2answers
119 views

Which rule was recently introduced/modified in chess officially?

Chess have lot of interesting rules such as castling,enpassent,50 move rule,stalemate etc. Now i have interested to know history behind chess rules introduction. Can anybody explain Which rule was ...
4
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5answers
150 views

What chess *scoring* alternatives exist?

Chess (often being classified as a sport) stands almost alone among sports in that its results are of a strictly ternary nature that is not quantified any further: The only possible outcomes are a ...
4
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1answer
694 views

Has any other Grandmaster gone as long undefeated as Capablanca?

Between 1916 and 1924, future World Champion J.R. Capablanca (as of 1921) experienced a period of eight years without a single (tournament) defeat. He was then regarded as one of the world's best ...
6
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1answer
90 views

earliest text which mentions pawn promotion rule

My question is about the history of the pawn promotion rule (promotion to a queen). What is the earliest existing text (authentic written document in any language) which mentions the pawn ...
3
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1answer
113 views

How did the Grand Prix Attack get its name?

The moves 1. e4 c5 2. Nc3 Nc6 3. f4 characterize the Grand Prix Attack in the Sicilian defense. [FEN "rnbqkbnr/pppppppp/8/8/8/8/PPPPPPPP/RNBQKBNR w KQkq - 0 1"] 1. e4 c5 2. Nc3 Nc6 3. f4 ...
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4answers
2k views

Which notable players in chess history successfully used dubious openings?

I am reminded of a famous game between Karpov and Tony Miles where Miles played 1...a6 against Karpov's 1. e4 and still won the game. [FEN "rnbqkbnr/pppppppp/8/8/4P3/8/PPPP1PPP/RNBQKBNR b KQkq ...
3
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2answers
281 views

20th Century Grand Master who had the highest draw percentage in his career?

Title says it all. For my own part; I am looking to learn and adopt a play style which does not necessarily win, but is typified as being incredibly difficult to actually win against.
2
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2answers
140 views

has the success of computers reduced the stature of chess as an 'intellectual' sport/game?

As human beings, we know that there are different aspects of intelligence. Often, innovation and creativity are considered to be higher levels of intelligence. Whereas, the ability to calculate is ...
3
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1answer
601 views

Is chess a sport? If yes, then why?

Sometimes (e.g. at some schools) chess is considered to be a sport. Is chess a sport? I view sport as a physical activity. For instance, if a doctor asks you "Are you doing any sports?" would your ...
2
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1answer
137 views

Paul Morphy vs Henry Bird missing games.

The Historical Chess Ratings page claims that Paul Morphy played 12 games with Henry Bird, with a final score of 10.5 - 1.5 (Kasparov's book My Great Predecessors Part I also mentions this (page 55), ...
7
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1answer
221 views

Is the first game of World Chess Championship 2013 shortest game in WCC history?

First game of World Chess Championship 2013, Carlsen vs. Anand ended up drawn after just 16 moves. Is this shortest game in the history of world chess championship?
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3answers
2k views

Why is the king powerless and the queen powerful?

There's a discussion on meta whether historical questions are allowed or no, and it seems to me that it it's allowed as long as it deals with Chess. Historically, real kings were powerful, (Alexander ...
6
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5answers
354 views

Games that are famous because of their underlying story

I would like this question to be Community Wiki because I hope to collect several answers. Can you name famous games where part of the fame comes from the circumstances surrounding the game? I hope ...
4
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1answer
268 views

THE longest problem ever (much longer than the mere 517 mover…)

The "Fireside Book of Chess" by I. Chernev and F. Reinfeld includes the following diagram [fen "3nk3/3NN3/3PP3/3BB3/3PP3/3PP3/3PP3/2RQKR2 w - - 0 1"] Composed by J.N. Babson for Bretano's Chess ...
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2answers
156 views

Professional games that ended with mate

What are some professional games where the losing side did not resign before receiving mate? And how sure are people of the record? In old books they did not care much for complete historical ...
6
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1answer
155 views

What are the different rules for claiming a draw?

According to the current FIDE rules of chess: The game is drawn upon a correct claim by the player having the move, when the same position, for at least the third time (not necessarily by a ...
4
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1answer
181 views

Which was that Marshall's game with that spectacular Queen sac?

Which was the game where Marshall, I think that with Black, made a spectacular Queen sac in g3 (White pawns on f2, g2, and h2, King in g1). The Black Queen could be taken with the f and h pawns and ...
11
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2answers
815 views

Is there an origin or story of where the pieces that make a chess game got their name from?

I understand why there would be a king and queen but I would love to know where the idea to call pieces what they are - such as the Rook, Knight, Bishop and Pawn - came from. Is there any background ...
9
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1answer
469 views

Why is it illegal to move into check?

In chess, it is against the rules to move into check, or to not move out of check. But why? Obviously, if you went against this rule, you'd immediately lose. But it seems strange to make it illegal to ...
13
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3answers
289 views

Why is algebraic notation called algebraic?

How does algebra relate to this chess notation? Why do they call this chess notation algebraic?
6
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1answer
119 views

Online resources for medieval Persian chess games or puzzles?

I am looking for any collection of chess games of al-Suli or anyone medieval scholar's composition of games. Any resources would be appreciated.
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2answers
1k views

How to Verbally Describe Chess Moves?

This may sound incredibly naive, but all the time on T.V, movies, books, etc. People can be heard saying things like "Queen to Rook 5" or like "Knight to King 3" and things like this. What is this? I ...
8
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1answer
172 views

Why did Magnus Carlsen drop out of World Championship in 2011?

I heard from a friend of mine that Magnus Carlsen did not play the Candidate Matches in 2011. Why did he do that?
5
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1answer
128 views

What is the origin of descriptive notation?

Algebraic Notation is the modern standard for recording chess games. It is easily human-readable, yet it can be parsed by computers without difficulty. Descriptive notation predates algebraic ...
5
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2answers
317 views

Is there a collection of chess images in public domain?

I am looking for images of chess players, pieces, as well as any other graphics related to chess - public domain only.
12
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1answer
691 views

What influenced the development of the King's Indian Defense?

The King's Indian Defense is characterized by the moves 1. d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6. (As opposed to 2. . .e6, with the intention of developing the Bishop to the Queen-side.) Black aims for a strong King-side ...
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4answers
934 views

Has there been much research on rating inflation?

Magnus Carlsen's draw in yesterday's round of the 2012 London Chess Classic assured that his rating in the next published FIDE rating list will surpass Kasparov's previous record of 2851. I've ...
9
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2answers
495 views

How come chess prodigies seem to start in young ages?

I started looking into the history of a few grandmasters such as Fischer and Carlsen, but why does it seem to have its "kings" and queens" playing the game from a young age? Can anyone show me any ...
4
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2answers
150 views

Chess as a De Jure National Sport or Pastime

By law Capoeira was declared the national sport of Brazil in 1972. Sri Lanka has legally declared Volleyball its national sport in 1992. I'm interested to know more about which countries have (or ...
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3answers
302 views

The Historical Comparison of Players

Arpad Elo described (chess life 1962) his ratings as "the measurement of the position of a cork bobbing up and down on the surface of agitated water with a yard stick tied to a rope and which ...
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9answers
3k views

Why is stalemate a draw?

It is so difficult to force stalemate and sometimes unintentional too, so why is stalemate a draw? As the opponent doesn't have a further move, why is it not considered a win?
9
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1answer
240 views

What is the origin of Tal's expression “They can only take one at a time”?

The expression refers to aggressive attacking style where one side leaves multiple pieces attacked, but the opponent cannot take full advantage of it since "they can only take one at a time". Was this ...
5
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1answer
452 views

When was the term 'Super Grandmaster' first used?

According to the following wiki link, The unofficial title, "Super Grandmaster", is often used by players to refer to those with a 2700+ rating to distinguish the most serious world champion ...
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2answers
235 views

What was the first chess-playing automaton?

One well-known automaton is The Turk. But which was the first one and when was it constructed? EDIT : I'm also ok with fake automatons (as the Turk was)
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4answers
537 views

Chess games that advanced endgame theory

Single games of chess can routinely have a significant impact on opening theory, of course, but it should be quite uncommon for a single game to significantly advance endgame theory, since that's a ...
8
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2answers
574 views

Is there a good book on the 1927 Capablanca-Alekhine world championship match?

To disambiguate what I mean by the shorthand "good" in the question's title: Is there an English-language book that tells the story of the 1927 world championship match between Capablanca and ...
7
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3answers
258 views

Joke Annotations

I have run into two examples of hilarious annotations of games over the years. One is the "annotation" of the fake "Immortal Overprotection Game" Nimzowitsch-Systemsson, written by Hans Kmoch as a ...
4
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1answer
239 views

How is chess viewed in USSR vs Post-USSR?

I was reading the following wikipedia article on Mark Taimanov and I was very shocked (I guess I shoudn't be knowing how the Soviets took chess so seriously) that when Taimanov lost to Fischer 6-0 , ...
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3answers
283 views

Why did Viktor Korchnoi leave the USSR?

Why did Viktor Korchnoi/Kortchnoi leave the USSR? Maybe the answer could include a little more trivia since he is such an interesting character.
10
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3answers
571 views

What sense does promotion to queen make?

When a pawn finally reaches the eighth rank, then it can be promoted to rook, knight, bishop or queen. It is not hard to imagine that a soldier who has achieved a lot could be promoted to an officer. ...
6
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1answer
201 views

Did any authors ever try to adopt Hans Kmoch's pawn structure terminology?

In response to an earlier question, I mentioned the 1959 book Pawn Power in Chess by IM Hans Kmoch. One of the book's most well-known aspects it that it introduced a glut of less-than-useful ...
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2answers
375 views

What are some chess games that feature Zugzwang despite many pieces remaining on the board?

The game Saemisch - Nimzowitsch (Copenhagen 1923) has come to be known as the Immortal Zugzwang Game, as a play on Anderssen's swashbuckling Immortal Game. I am interested in finding other examples of ...
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2answers
701 views

When and why was en passant invented?

Other than castling, the only "strange" move that chess pieces can ever make is en passant. It seems a little odd to me that someone thought that such a "different" move was so important to include ...