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I had heard from someone that Chess evolved from Chaturanga then Shatranj. Are there any pointers towards this?

I would like to know counter arguments as well, if any.

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This doesn't answer your question, but we still call chess, "Shatranj" (شطرنج) in Arabic. – Soufiane Hassou May 2 '12 at 13:10
Along with pointers, I'd be happy to see historical evidence on this question. – Nikana Reklawyks Nov 17 '12 at 20:37
@SoufianeHassou We also still call it Shatranj in Persian – OmnipresentAbsence Feb 24 '13 at 22:05

Those two games are indeed early forms of chess. The pieces were similar, although their moves were different, and there were some chess rules that had not yet been invented; however, chess evolved from those early games.

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There are many games that share a common of ancestor of chess. These include Xiangqi (Chinese chess) and the mighty Shogi, among others.

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Chaturanga indeed is chess. In Hindi language Chaturanga (shatranj in Arablic), is what chess (which is in English) called.

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I believe 'chaturanga' comes from Sanskrit language. – Pavan Nadig Apr 23 '15 at 18:29

Chaturanga is the ancient game that gave birth to board games chess, shogi, makruk, xiangqi and janggi. I believe Chaturanga is the same game as Shatranj or got only slightly varied while moved from India to Sassanid Persia. There is another variation of chess Chaturaji which used 2 dices and 4 players (Ludo style) around 11th century or slightly earlier. The game of chess evolved from Shatranj and got most of the current rules around 15th century in Spain. It was only at late 19th century that Chess as we know of has been formalized.

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I found this article very informative:

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